Pakistan Economy
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Pakistan Economy






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  • Nominal GDP is without adjust Inflations of country.PPP GDP is adjust and relative with two or more then two currencies.
  • Hoardingذخیرہ اندوزی Laundering کالا دھن سفید

Pakistan Economy Pakistan Economy Presentation Transcript

  • JAHANZEB MEMON Presented By: Arshad Ali Panhwar, Sajid Ali Soomro, Fayaz Suhag, Ayaz Ahmed Lund & Jahanzeb Memon Presented To:
  •   Concept Of Economy and its types Economics System of the World Capitalism  Planed Economy     Communism Socialism Mixed Economy
  • Economics  Economics is the study of How a society uses scarce resources to produce and distribute goods and services…
  • Economic System An economic system is the method used by a society to produce and distribute goods and services by utilizing factors of production.
  • ECONOMIC SYSTEM OF THE WORLD Free Market or Capitalism  Planned Economies Communism Socialism  Mixed Economies 
  • Capitalism/ Free Market (Market Economy) An economic system based on competition in the marketplace and private ownership of the factors of production; also known as the private enterprise system. Examples of Capitalism: USA, Singapore etc.
  • Socialism An economic system in which the factors of production are owned and operated either by the government itself or by the private sector under strong government control. It is called as planned or command economy. Ex. China, New Zealand, Canada
  • Communism All the factors of production and enterprises concerned with the production and distribution of goods and services, is owned and operated by the government and whole national income is taken and distributed by the government according to ability and need of individuals. Karl Marx is the founder of Communism philosophy. Example: Russia.
  • Mixed Economies Economies that combine several systems; for example, an economy where the government owns certain industries but others are owned by the private sector. Examples: France, UK, Pakistan
  •   Mixed Economy Of Pakistan Economic Resources of Pakistan 1. MINERAL RESOURCES 2. WATER RESOURCES 3. Agricultural Resource 4. Industrial Development
  • MIXED ECONOMY OF PAKISTAN Pakistan has a developing mixed economy based largely on agriculture, light industries, and services. The Government has placed special emphasis on the liberalization and privatization of the economy since 1990. The Gross National Product (GNP) is increasing more rapidly than the population, but the GNP per capita is among the lowest in Asia, but the highest in South Asia.
  • Economic Resources of Pakistan MINERAL RESOURCES: Coal is also named as black gold is found into huge quantities in Thar, Quetta and other sites. Thar reserves are estimated 850 Trillion Cubic Feet. There is enough coal in Pakistan in Thar area. That it can be used for power generation for next 100 years without relying on other i.e. hydro / oil resources. Pakistan recently discovered one low and four lowto-medium quality coal seams in the Punjab.
  • NATURAL GAS The Sui gas field is the largest, accounting for 26% of Pakistan’s gas production. Gas deposits of Sui discovered in 1953. Daily production is 19 million cubic meters a day. Under the barren mountains of Balochistan and the sands of Sindh, there are untouched oil and gas reserves. Major users of natural gas areas are Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad, Multan, Rawalpindi and Islamabad.
  • WATER RESOURCES Fishing Industry: The fishing industry plays a role in the national economy of Pakistan. The coastline is 814km and fishery resources still have room to grow. Fishing in Pakistan is a major source of export earnings.
  • AGRICULTURAL RESOURCE About 28% of Pakistan’s total land area is under cultivation. The most important crops are cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, maize, pulses, fruits and vegetables, which together account for more than 75% of the value of total crop output.
  • INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT Development of agriculture sector means the development of industrial sector. Power and energy resources like oil and gas etc. are like primary requirement of industrial development. Iron and steel resources are helpful to develop the industrial sector. Furniture and fishing industries are mainly depend upon natural resources.
  • Population 182,490,721 6th Population Bellow Poverty Line 14% (2013) Labor Force 59.21 million (2012) Labor Force on Agriculture Industry Services Unemployment 45.1% 20.7% 34.2% (2010) 6.2% (2012)
  •      Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Economy Of Pakistan Pakistan GDP Ranking GDP Graph GPD Consumption
  • GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP) The monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period, though GDP is usually calculated on an annual basis. It includes all of private and public consumption, government outlays, investments and exports less imports that occur within a defined territory.
  • 107th (2013) Business Rank GDP (PPP) Rank Per Capita 27th $514.559 billion (2012) $2,960 GDP (Nominal) Rank Per Capita 44th $230.525 billion (2012) $1,410 Currency Fiscal Year 1 Pakistani Rupee (PKR) 1 July – 30 June
  • Year Gross Domestic Product US Dollar Exchange 1960 100 4.76 .Rs 1980 283,460 9.97 .Rs 21 1985 569,114 16.28 .Rs 30 1990 1,029,093 21.41 .Rs 41 1995 2,268,461 30.62 .Rs 68 2000 3,826,111 51.64 .Rs 100 2005 6,581,103 60.40 .Rs 126 2010 2013 80 Rs 10379262 106.9 Inflation Index (2000=100)
  • REAL GDP INFLATION RATE Year Percentage 2001 1.9% 2002 3.2% 2003 4.9% 2004 7.4% 2005 7.7% 2006 6.1% 2007 5.6% 2008 3.7% 2009 1.7% 2010 3.8% 2011 2.4% 2012 3.7% 2013 4.8% Year Percentage Aug-2013 Sep-2013 Oct- 2013 8.55 7.39 9.08
  • GDP Composition By Use End  Household Consumption: 87.3%  Government Consumption: 8.3%  Investment in Fixed Capital: 10.9%  Investment in Inventories: 1.6%  Exports of Goods and Services: 12.5%  Imports of Goods and Services: -20.6% 100% (2012)
  • CONTENT Gross National Product  GNP Value  Money Index  Federal Budget 2013-14 
  • GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT (GNP) GNP is a measure of a country's economic performance, or what its citizens produced (i.e. goods and services) and whether they produced these items within its borders.
  • GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT (GNP) 543.6 Billion PPP Dollars (2012) 11.1% Of GDP (2012)
  • Unit Value Zeros 1 Hundred 100 2 1 Thousand 1000 3 10 Thousand 10000 4 1 Lakh 100000 5 1 Million 1000000 6 1 Crore 10000000 7 100 Million 100000000 8 1 Billion 1000000000 9 10 Billion 10000000000 10 100 Billion 100000000000 11 1 1000000000000 12 Trillion
  • Federal Budget 2013-14 3.5 Trillion = 3500000000000 PKR 35 $32740879326.47334 Us Dollar Deficit 2013-14 1.6 trillion = 1600000000000 PKR Year Percentage 2008 -7.3% 2009 -5.2% 2010 -5.9% 2011 -6.4% 2012 -6.7%
  •           Challenges To Pakistan’s Economy Economic Problems Of Pakistan Types Of Trade External Trade Government DICTATORSHIP IN PAKISTAN EDUCATION POVERTY CORRUPTION CHILD LABOR
  • CHALLENGES TO PAKISTAN’S ECONOMY 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. We Consume More and Save Less We Import More and Export Less Government Spends More than it Earns as Revenues Our Share in the World Trade is Shrinking We Badly Lag in Social Indicators We Face Energy and Water Shortages Cost of Doing Business is High Crisis of Governance and Implementation Weaknesses Uncertainty and Unpredictability due to Lack of Continuity Political Stability, Law and Order/Security
  • ECONOMIC PROBLEMS OF PAKISTAN: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Poor Utilization Of Resources Unequal Distribution Of Wealth Poor Monetary Policy Poor Fiscal Policy Corruption Poverty Unstable Government Hoarding Money Laundering Shortage Of Skilled Workers Wastage Of Economic Resources By Terrorism Activities
  • TYPES OF TRADE 1. Internal Trade 2. External Trade 3. Wholesale Trade
  • EXTERNAL TRADE Pakistan Exports Goods Textiles Rice Leather Goods Sports Goods a. Garments Chemicals Manufactures Carpets b. Bed Linen Steel Food Stuffs Fertilizer c. Cotton Animal Electrical Rug d. Cloth Sugar Cement Petroleum e. Yarn Equipment Main Export Partners 13.3% 10.9% 8.6% 8.5%
  • PAKISTAN IMPORTS GOODS Imports Iron Edible Oil Steel $33 Billion (2013) Petroleum Product Machinery Paper Paperboard Transportation Equipment Plastics Tea MAIN IMPORT PARTNERS 19.8% 12% 11.9% 6.2%
  • GOVERNMENT (UNSTABLE)  Military Dictatorship declared 12 October 1999 Parliament disbanded  Constitution suspended  International lending community don’t support dictatorship Formerly a federal republic, Pakistan's now military controlled dictatorship is a large part of the problem. 
  • TERRORISM IN PAKISTAN At present the gravest problem that Pakistan is facing is terrorism. It has become a headache for federation and a nightmare for public. Though, it is a global issue but Pakistan has to bear the brunt of it. Pakistan’s involvement in the War on Terror has further fuelled the fire. We are facing war like situation against the terrorists.
  • EDUCATION 1. 2. 3. 4. Education Most Powerful Weapon Which Can Change The World. “Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.” “You educate a man; you educate a man. You educate a woman; you educate a generation.” “Intelligence plus character-that is the goal of true education.” EDUCATION IN PAKISTAN 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 57% Is PAKISTAN literate Limits Opportunities Of Women Women Don't Enter Workforce Poorly Educated About Family Planning No Control Of Population Low Literacy Rates With High Population Growth
  • POVERTY  Uneducated population unattractive to foreign business Difficult to recruit foreign businesses.  No foreign investment, Pakistan remains poor.  Without foreign investment, Pakistan lacks the resources to bring about positive economic development.  Without positive economic development, Pakistan is unable to attract foreign investors.
  • CORRUPTION Corruption is another huge social problem. According to latest report of Transparency International, Pakistan has been ranked at 42nd number among the most corrupt nations of the world.
  • CHILD LABOR Child labor is widespread in Pakistan. Whether in bigger cities or in small villages, we find innocent malnourished children employed in various forms of labor. They are working as welders, mechanics, plumbers, electricians and in industries like carpet-weaving, glass and football making. Meager wages are paid to these children and no facilities for education are provided. Media and NGOs have always condemned child labor. In past, some countries refused to import those goods from Pakistan in whose making children were employed. But despite all these factors, due to growing inflation and poverty, parents are bound to send their children to work to light their stoves.