Kinds of Terrestrial Biome
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Kinds of Terrestrial Biome

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Kinds of Terrestrial Biome Kinds of Terrestrial Biome Presentation Transcript

  • THERE ARE DIFFERENT KINDS of PLANTS & ANIMALS ON EARTH.
  • But only certain kinds are NATURALLY FOUND
  • place… PARTICULAR @ any
  • Polar Bears in the Arctic
  • Elephantsin Central Africa
  • Kangaroos in Australia
  • BIOME S
  • BIOMEBIOMEIs a distinct ecological community of plants and animals living together in a particular climate.
  • Biomes are climatically and geographically defined as contiguous areas with similar climatic conditions on the Earth, such as communities of plants, animals, and soil organisms, and are often referred to as ecosystems.
  • Climax Vegetation - is a group of plants that dominates a terrestrial biome.
  • Scientists have divided the broad spectrum of climates and ecological communities found on Earth into biomes in different ways - some with many divisions, some with only a few.
  • SPECIFIC TERRESTRIAL BIOMES
  • BIOMES Tundra Deciduous Forest Grasslands Deserts Tropical Rainforest Coniferous Forest
  • SUMMER SECTION HEADER LAYOUT Subtitle CONIFEROUS FOREST
  • Coniferous Forest -are those consisting mainly of spruce, pine, fir and other evergreens – directly and indirectly provide nourishment and shelter to plants, animals and organisms in their environment.
  • Three Subdivisions: a. The TAIGA (tie- guh) is the northern most area, in which the dominant is the spruce is adapted to a six month growing season and cold winter temperature. b. The broad coniferous belt covers much Canada, and in the United States, it extends to the Great Laos area and the St. Lawrence River Valley. The dominant vegetation is white pine, red pine, and cavern hemlock. Taiga in Russia is the largest forest in the world. It accounts for one fifth of the total forested area in the world.
  • Three Subdivisions: c. The natural pine forest is found in much of the southern United States. Coniferous forest has full time residents. Moose lives in this area where they are protected or where they have not been overhunted. Taiga in Russia is the largest forest in the world. It accounts for one fifth of the total forested area in the world.
  • Moose Black bear Marten Wolverine Lynxes Beavers Porcupines
  • Predators -- Prey
  • WINTER SECTION HEADER LAYOUT Subtitle ARCTIC TUNDRA
  • A LARGE AREA THAT ENCIRCLES THE ARCTIC OCEAN. TUNDRA
  • The ground is permanently frozen to a depth of about one meter (3.3ft) below the surface.
  • CHARACTERISTICS OF TUNDRA:  Long cold winters and short cool summers  Low precipitation (less than 10 inches per year) and dry winds  Permafrost - ground that is permanently frozen Permafrost Has no cracks or pores, nothing can penetrate it--neither plant roots nor water.
  • Arctic Foxes Polar Bears Collared Lemmings Hares
  • DECIDUOUS FOREST
  • Is primarily composed of trees with leaves-leaves that die, fall off and regrow during seasonal growing cycles. Deciduous Forest Deciduous Forest are commonly found in: United States Great Britain Central Europe Some parts of China Siberia Rainfall averages about 100cm (40 inches) per year
  • Variety of different deciduous climax vegetation: a.Local condition of soil b.Drainage c.Climate
  • Fox Raccoons Squirrel
  • GRASSLANDS
  • Serengeti Plain Grasslandsare often found in areas where yearly rainfall is between 25 and 75 centimetre (10 to 30 inches). Grasslands are sufficient for many species of grasses. African Savannah
  • Tropical grassland of Africa is found in the Serengeti Plain. The Serengeti is known as “a variety of animal population”. Savannah is a grassland with scattered trees.
  • TROPICAL RAINFOREST
  • Tropical Rainforest - areas that have an abundant water supply a long growing season. - have a rate of productivity because of the abundant resources and favourable physical factors. Animal’s life is plentiful in a tropical rainforest.
  • Tropical Rainforest - A rainforest is not a jungle. A jungle is a very dense ground growth found along riverbanks. Animal’s life is plentiful in a tropical rainforest.
  • Some animals in the rainforest.
  • DESERTS
  • Desert – are extremely dry areas. The rainfall maybe less than 25 centimetres (10 inches) of rain per year.
  • SAHARA ARABIAN GOBI DESERT HOT Desert
  • Antarctic Desert is the largestdesert in the world.
  • Xerophytes - they have will developed root system for absorbing water. - store water in their thick, fleshy stems.
  • WILDLIFE CONSERVATIO N
  • WILDLIFE CONSERVATION A.Includes all of man’s efforts to save wild animals. B.It involves the protection and wise management of such animals and their environment. C.Although some species of animals may have been killed off by natural causes, man is by far the greatest danger to wildlife. He has created the need for wildlife conservation.
  • The threatened species and all other wildlife - have FOUR VALUES FOR MAN includes: a.Beauty b.Economic value c.Scientific value d.Survival value
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