1 DEMOGRAPHYExpatriates in the United Arab Emirates
CONTENTS2 Executive summary 3 Unreliable census data 4 Expats in UAE 5 Expats population breakdown 6 Population growth 9 Population and birth/death breakdown 10 Gender breakdown 11
Executive Summary3 Expats make up 88.5 per cent of the country’s total population. The Emiratis were estimated at 947,997 nearly11.5 per cent of the total, making the UAE among the Gulf countries have the lowest proportion of natives to the overall population. The UAE had 7.2 million people at the end of 2011 and the figure is expected to grow by around 5.6 per cent to 7.6 million at the end of 2012. The countrys net migration rate stands at 21.71, the worlds highest. By 2020, Emiratis are projected to form only 10% of the population
Census data could be a “suspect” and “unreliable”4 Generally, population data for the UAE is somewhat unreliable given that a census is not held very frequently, and for various reasons, even when there is a census, that data could be suspect (for example inhabitants of overpopulated villas will probably be reluctant to draw attention to themselves, similarly for unmarried couples living together, or those living in the UAE on repeated visit visas). From 2006 to 2010 the population of the UAE population grew 65 percent according to official statistics. Unsurprisingly, the proportion of the population who are Emirati citizens fell. Different census organization come up with different census data.
employment and investment opportunities5 The countrys extremely liberal and open-minded society compared to its neighbours has resulted in mass immigration from all over the world, including people from western nations The native Emiratis are outnumbered in their own country at a ratio of 11 to 1
Expatriates population breakdown in the UAE6 The three largest groups of expatriates hail from India, Pakistan, and then Bangladesh. Members of other Asian communities, including China, the Philippines, Thailand, Korea, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Iran make up a significant proportion of the workforce, as do Western expatriates from Europe, Australia, Northern Africa, Africa and Latin America (National Media Council, 2009) 24,333 people were added to Dubais population every month, 800 daily and around 33 every hour during 2006. The figure does not include tourists.
Indians form “over 30%” of the total population of the UAE7
UAE record worlds “2nd highest” population growth.9 The biggest influx of population began in the late 1970s and early 1980s when the government pumped billions of dirhams for infrastructure and civic projects following the discovery of oil. Influx in 90s, when most of the city’s old buildings and houses were replaced with modern and luxury high-rise structures and villas. Another boom began in the early 2000s when projects like Yas Island were
Population breakdown and birth/death rate of UAE nationals10 Last years birth and death rates among UAE citizens were 15.1 and 1.4 per 1,000 people respectively. while life expectancy at birth for Abu Dhabi Emirate was 77 years for males and 78 years for females. Life expectancy at birth was 77 years for citizens, and 78 years for non-citizens
Gender imbalance is “second highest” in the world after Qatar11 The population of the UAE has a skewed sex distribution: With a male/female sex ratio of 2.2 for the total population and 2.75 for the 15–65 age group. Most of the expat work force(Construction company) do not bring their family along with them