Transplant Hepatology Pilot           Richard K. Sterling, MD, MSc               Professor of Medicine           Chief, Se...
Objectives• The problem  – Insufficient number of Transplant Hepatologists• One solution  – Transplant Hepatology (TH) Pil...
The Problem• TH is recognized as a subspecialty in Internal  Medicine.• Until now, candidates must complete a 3-year GI  A...
One Solution• Transplant Hepatology (TH) Pilot Program  – To obtain competency-based training in TH    during the third ye...
Goals of the TH Pilot Program• Improve patient outcomes by providing  adequately trained hepatologists• Improve trainee ou...
CBME Innovations in TH• Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs)• Develop TH In-service exam• Develop CBME  – Care Trans...
MilestonesDefinition: a milestone is a significant point indevelopment.- Should enable the trainee, program, and thecertif...
Entrustable Professional Activities             (EPAs)   EPAs represent the routine professional-life    activities of ph...
The EPA•    Is part of essential professional work in a given context•    Independently executable, within a time frame & ...
Competency Curve over timeexpertproficientcompetentadvancednovice             training   deliberate professional practiceA...
Competency Curves for Trainee                                                 EPA2                           EPA4         ...
When is Competence Reached?   Level 1: not allowed to practice the EPA   Level 2: practice with full supervision   Leve...
When is Competence ReachedWhen a professional activity is mastered• ...on a threshold level• ...that permits unsupervised ...
Transplant Hepatology EPA: K/S/A
Transplant Hepatology EPAs vs. CompetenciesEPAs do not conflict with or replace competencies (or milestones) but rather   ...
Transplant Hepatology EPAs
How to Incorporate TH into GI• Must have an ACGME accredited TH Program• Must have the right 3rd year fellow (“perfect sto...
How will TH Pilot Impact other GI Fellows• Must have sufficient volume of hepatology  patients to assure that GI fellows c...
What the TH Pilot Fellows should still do– Fellow should still take GI call– Fellow continues continuity clinic   • Could ...
What the TH Fellow should NOT do• Advanced procedures  – ERCP, EUS, DBE, etc• Function as a third year GI fellow to cover ...
The Process• Identify potential TH Pilot Fellow by middle of 2 nd  year of GI training• Obtain approval from your institut...
Summary• There is a shortage of transplant  hepatologists• TH Pilot Program will allow selected  fellows to complete their...
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Transplant Hepatology Pilot

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  • A barrier to the integration of competencies has been the lack of applicability to real-world practice. Competencies are superficial and rather isolated; the challenge is in identifying a bridge to the real world, and real-time practice. One such bridge is the identification of EPAs
  • Transplant Hepatology Pilot

    1. 1. Transplant Hepatology Pilot Richard K. Sterling, MD, MSc Professor of Medicine Chief, Section of Hepatology Program Director, Transplant Hepatology Virginia Commonwealth University Richmond, VA
    2. 2. Objectives• The problem – Insufficient number of Transplant Hepatologists• One solution – Transplant Hepatology (TH) Pilot Program• How to make it work – Incorporating TH Pilot into GI training – Impact on GI Training Programs
    3. 3. The Problem• TH is recognized as a subspecialty in Internal Medicine.• Until now, candidates must complete a 3-year GI ACGME accredited fellowship followed by a 1- year ACGME accredited TH fellowship.• This has resulted in only 430 ABIM Diplomats in TH. – Many who took the exam were existing hepatologists. – Only 20-30 new PGY7 graduates/yr• There is insufficient manpower to meet the current and projected needs in hepatology. – HCV, NASH, cirrhosis, transplant
    4. 4. One Solution• Transplant Hepatology (TH) Pilot Program – To obtain competency-based training in TH during the third year to allow trainees to sit for both GI and TH ABIM Boards after they successfully complete 3 years of training. – Estimated to produce 5-10 additional TH per year (currently only 20-30 4th yr fellows/yr). – Does not replace the 4th yr option – May be used as a recruiting tool
    5. 5. Goals of the TH Pilot Program• Improve patient outcomes by providing adequately trained hepatologists• Improve trainee outcome and satisfaction• Increase the number of faculty trained in theory and practice of Competency-Based Medical Education (CBME)• Make contribution to medical education by testing the performance of CBME tools• Improve public health by addressing manpower needs in Transplant Hepatology
    6. 6. CBME Innovations in TH• Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs)• Develop TH In-service exam• Develop CBME – Care Transition Measure (CTM-3) – Multisource feedback instruments – Performance measures (HCV PIM) – Competency committee (TH PD + at least 2 TH faculty – Develop Milestones
    7. 7. MilestonesDefinition: a milestone is a significant point indevelopment.- Should enable the trainee, program, and thecertification board to know an individual’strajectory of competency acquisition.“A GPS tracker of the trainees level ofcompetency”- They define the floor of competenceA Koteish
    8. 8. Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs)  EPAs represent the routine professional-life activities of physicians based on their specialty and subspecialty • When pieced together, EPAs will define the profession of a transplant hepatologist  The concept of “entrustable” means: • ‘‘a practitioner has demonstrated the necessary knowledge, skills and attitudes to be trusted to independently perform this activity.’’A Koteish Ten Cate O. Med Education 2005
    9. 9. The EPA• Is part of essential professional work in a given context• Independently executable, within a time frame & leads to recognized output of professional labor• Observable and measurable in process and outcome, leading to a conclusion (‘well done’ or ‘not well done’)• Requires specified knowledge, skill and attitude, generally acquired through training• Should reflect competencies Together, EPAs constitute the core of the professionA Koteish
    10. 10. Competency Curve over timeexpertproficientcompetentadvancednovice training deliberate professional practiceA Koteish
    11. 11. Competency Curves for Trainee EPA2 EPA4 EPA3 EPA1Competence Threshold EPA5 Justified entrustment decisions Training Deliberate professional practiceA Koteish
    12. 12. When is Competence Reached?  Level 1: not allowed to practice the EPA  Level 2: practice with full supervision  Level 3: practice with supervision on demand  Level 4: “unsupervised” practice allowed  Level 5: supervision task may be given Competence threshold reached; formal entrustment decision, “STAR” (Statement of Awarded Responsibility) is documented in portfolio and in institutional registrars, after confirmation by three staff membersA Koteish
    13. 13. When is Competence ReachedWhen a professional activity is mastered• ...on a threshold level• ...that permits unsupervised practice• ...and reaches full entrustmenti.e., when a STAR level is achieved for an EPA;… Graduation when all EPA’s reach a STARA Koteish
    14. 14. Transplant Hepatology EPA: K/S/A
    15. 15. Transplant Hepatology EPAs vs. CompetenciesEPAs do not conflict with or replace competencies (or milestones) but rather complement or are comprised of competencies and milestones.A Koteish
    16. 16. Transplant Hepatology EPAs
    17. 17. How to Incorporate TH into GI• Must have an ACGME accredited TH Program• Must have the right 3rd year fellow (“perfect storm”) – Should be competent in GI by the end of year 2 and on a trajectory to successfully complete GI by 3 years• Golden Rule – Third year fellows are like gold• GI Program must be able to function with 1 less 3 rd year fellow – May need to adjust rotations• This does NOT change the total number of ACGME approved slots for GI and TH (this fellow counts twice: 1 for GI and 1 for TH)
    18. 18. How will TH Pilot Impact other GI Fellows• Must have sufficient volume of hepatology patients to assure that GI fellows can complete their 5 months of meaningful hepatology• Should follow 4th yr TH program (unique conferences, rotations, etc)• May need to adjust other rotations for GI – Golden rule – One less fellow to do advanced procedures and other rotations 3rd yr fellows do• TH PD must coordinate and work with GI PD – Evaluations, QI Projects, schedule, Milestones
    19. 19. What the TH Pilot Fellows should still do– Fellow should still take GI call– Fellow continues continuity clinic • Could be in Hepatology or GI– Fellow should continue to do endoscopy (~1/2 per week)– Fellow continues to participate in all GI educational programs (conferences, etc)– Must complete the outcomes measures of the TH Pilot Program • AASLD TH PD Tool Kit (AASLD.org)
    20. 20. What the TH Fellow should NOT do• Advanced procedures – ERCP, EUS, DBE, etc• Function as a third year GI fellow to cover other GI fellows• Change GI programs in the third year from one that does not offer TH to one that does
    21. 21. The Process• Identify potential TH Pilot Fellow by middle of 2 nd year of GI training• Obtain approval from your institution’s GME for the new “training track”• TH and GI PD (both sign) and send letter of intent to the AASLD TH Steering committee identifying fellow and commitment to TH Pilot• Once approved, that fellow’s name is sent to ABIM to allow them to sit for TH Boards after they pass GI Boards without having to do 4 th yr• Only limited by number of TH approved slots
    22. 22. Summary• There is a shortage of transplant hepatologists• TH Pilot Program will allow selected fellows to complete their transplant hepatology training within the 3 years of GI• Can only work with cooperation of GI PD• May be used as a recruiting tool• We are tracking outcomes of the program
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