A group of children stand to be forever immortalized in this photo taken behind the barbed fences of Auschwitz.
Auschwitz consisted of a network of concentration camps built and maintained inside of Nazi Germany. It consisted of
Auschwitz II – Birkenau
Auschwitz III – Monowitz
45 smaller branch camps
This photo shows a map of the extensive second Auschwitz camp.
Map of Auschwitz II - Birkenau
The entire Auschwitz network was operational from May 1940 to January 1945
It was evacuated on January 17 th , after Nazi personnel attempted to march all remaining prisoners in an effort to hide their camp. These efforts also included blowing up all gas chambers and trying to exterminate all remaining prisoners who were weak or sickly.
On January 17 th , 1945 Nazi troops began leading remaining prisoners out of all 48 Auschwitz camps.
Free at Last
The main camp was located in the suburbs of the Polish town Oświęcim.
Auschwitz II was located in the Polish town of Brzezinka.
The camps were about 37 miles west of the infamous Krakow ghetto.
This gate into Auschwitz is located in present-day Oświęcim, Poland.
Auschwitz was originally formed as a place to keep political opponents of the Nazi party and as a place to keep evacuated Poles, because there were too many of them. It eventually turned out to be the place where 1.1 million Polish, Jewish, and Roma (among many other races) citizens, including men, women, and children, lost their lives.
Some little known races that were imprisoned at Auschwitz were Jehovah’s Witnesses, Czechs, Germans, French, Chinese, and Estonian.
Many medical experiments were performed here, giving an insightful yet contreversial look into medical science.
"Auschwitz-Birkenau - Home Page - History." Auschwitz-Birkenau - Home Page - Museum . Web. 04 Apr. 2011. <http://en.auschwitz.org.pl/h/index.php?option=com_frontpage>.