Principles of our Government (carried out throughout the 7 Articles of the Constitution) 1 - Popular Sovereignty – the idea that a government gets control from the people . 2 - Limited Government – the idea that the government only has the powers listed in the Constitution, and all must obey. 3 - Federalism – power is divided and shared between the states and a national government.
4 - Separation of Powers – the government is divided into 3 branches:
Legislative: writes the laws.
Executive: enforces the laws.
Judicial: interprets the laws/makes sure they are fair.
5 - Checks and Balances – each branch has the power to “check” or limit the others.
Last principles: 6 - Republic – instead of taking part in the government directly (direct democracy), the people elect representatives to carry out their will (through a representative democracy ). 7 - Individual Rights – the government promises to protect our natural rights , such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion, trial by jury, right to protect yourself, and protection from unlawful police action.