In any case, the new President names his/her VP, and fills any vacancies in the Cabinet.
Who is the only President to NEVER have been elected, because of events related to this process?
There is always a “Designated Survivor” at the State of the Union and such large public gatherings of government.
William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, Abraham Lincoln (A), James Garfield (A), William McKinley (A), Warren G. Harding, Franklin Roosevelt, and John F. Kennedy (A) are the 8 Presidents who have died in office.
Other Details… Article 2, Section 1, Clauses 7 and 8: Salary and Oath of Office
The President makes $400,000.
Only Congress can change that.
Oath of Office is the culminating event of Inauguration Day (January 20 th ).
Chief Justice of Supreme Court does this.
“ I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States. “
Presidential Powers Article 2, Section 2, Clause 1 & 2: The President shall be commander in chief… seek opinions… grant reprieves and pardons… also: “advice and consent” clause.
Commander in Chief : Simply put, the President commands all military actions (including the National Guard).
Who declares war?
Can create a cabinet of experts of whom he can ask opinions of.
Can issue pardons and reprieves .
Allows the President to release anyone from jail that he’d like.
Very, very controversial.
Negotiate treaties and agreements with nations.
2/3 of the Senate must approve, however.
Appoint judges and ambassadors
With Senate approval, of course.
Other Presidential Powers Article 2, Section 3, Clauses 1-6: The President is very, very busy.
Clause 1: deliver the “state of the union.”
Can motivate or inspire Congress to write/pass laws. Or, he can just “tell” them to (this makes him a legislator, of sorts).
Clause 2: call for a special session of Congress.
Only if they fail to do their job in a timely fashion (only happened 27 times in history, and not since 1948).
Clause 3: represent our country in discussions with other nations as the “face” of our country.
Also gives him power of “foreign policy.”
Clause 4: faithfully execute our nations laws.
He can adjust the budget at times.
Can also suspend habeas corpus, though rare.
Executive Order has come from this:
The President’s power to issue directives, which are basically laws coming from the President, without Congressional approval.
The Cabinet Article 2, Section 2, Clause 2: “advice and consent” clause.
The members of the cabinet are his closest advisors… experts in a particular area that can help the President make decisions that affect our country. While not in the Constitution, it’s impossible for the President to carry out his duties without their aid.
The President chooses these to help him/her make the best decisions possible. Think of them as the assistant coaches or supporting cast.
All the President’s Men (and women!) For the Test, just be sure to identify what these are.
Department of State (leader is called the Secretary of State)