Why Do I Pay Dues?! A brief history of unionism and what your union does for you. Adapted from a presentation by- Jake Anderson Fall Leadership Conference November 19, 2005
Objectives of training
Brief history of unions
History of CTA/NEA
Benefits of union
History of unions
First unions were merchant guilds in 11 th century Europe.
Protection of trade from feudal governments was the goal
Craft guilds followed in 12 th century made up of the artisans.
Shared or usurped the power of the merchant guilds
First to organize probably weavers, followed by goldsmiths, saddlers, bakers, etc
Focused on wages and working conditions
Considered the forerunners of labor unions
US Unions- 1600-1900
First known union in America was “The Shoemakers of Boston”. Authorized by Massachusetts Bay Colony – 1648
First recorded prosecution of strikers in New York- 1677
Carpenters strike for a 10-hour day in Philadelphia- 1791
New Hampshire enacts first 10-hour day law- 1847
Carpenters strike and win eight-hour day- 1890
Pullman car boycott leads to general strike on railroads- 1894
US Unions- 1900 – WW II
IWW formed – 1905
Triangle Shirtwaist fire- 1911
Department of Labor created- 1912
One in five workers strikes in 1919
Auto workers win in sit-down strike and Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters wins contract- 1937
US Unions- Fair Labor
Fair Labor Standards Act passed 1938
Creates 40-hour work week
Establishes minimum wage
Ends child labor
US Unions Post-WW II
Largest wave of strikes in US history- 1946
Taft-Hartley Act passed- 1947
Creates National Labor Relations Board
Union and employer must notify government mediation service and other party before terminating a collective bargaining agreement
Government can obtain an 80-day injunction if strike will harm national health or safety
States that workers on wildcat strikes not protected, outlawed closed shops, and permitted union shop only on majority vote of employees
Act was passed over a veto by Truman
US Unions- Post WWII
AFL/CIO Merge- 1955
JFK order gives federal workers the right to bargain- 1962
Cesar Chavez forms AFL/CIO United Farm Workers Organizing Committee- 1965
OSHA created- 1970
Air traffic controller strike broken by Reagan- 1981
75,000 service workers organize in Los Angeles- 1999
First Union formed in
New York City
Society of Associated Teachers 1794
New York and Rhode Island create statewide unions, 1845
1. Will fill lamps, trim wicks and clean chimneys.
2. Each morning teacher will bring bucket of water and a scuttle of coal for the days session.
3. Make your pens carefully. You may whittle nibs to the individual taste of the pupils.
4. Men teachers may take one evening each week for courting purposes or two evenings a week if they attend church regularly.
5. After 10 hours in school the teachers may spend the remaining time reading the Bible or any other good book.
6. Women teachers who marry or engage in unseemly conduct will be dismissed.
7. Every teacher should lay aside for each pay day a goodly sum of his earnings for his benefit during his declining years so that he will not become a burden on society.
8. Any teacher who smokes, uses liquor in any form, frequents pool or public halls, or gets shaved in a barber shop will give good reason to suspect his worth, intention, integrity and honesty.
9. The teacher who performs his labor faithfully and without fault for five years will be given an increase of $.25 per week in his pay providing the Board of Education approves.
Teacher Rules 1872
Teacher Rules 1912
1. You will not marry during the term of your contract.
2. You are not to keep company with men.
3. You must be home between the hours of 8 PM and 6 AM unless at a school function.
4. You may not loiter downtown in any of the ice cream stores.
5. You may not travel beyond the city limits unless you have permission of the chairman of the chairman of the school board.
6. You may not ride in carriages or automobiles with any man except your father or brother.
7. You may not smoke cigarettes.
8. You may not dress in bright colors.
9. You may under no circumstances dye your hair.
10. You must wear at least 2 petticoats.
11. Your dresses may not be any shorter than 2 inches above the ankles.
12. To keep the classroom neat and clean you must sweep the floor once a day, scrub the floor with hot soapy water once a week, clean the blackboards once a day and start the fire at 7 AM to have the school warm by 8 AM when the scholars arrive.
National Teachers Association formed in 1857 (became NEA)
Women admitted into NEA as full members in 1866
8 teachers in PA strike for higher wages- 1880
In 1942 NEA supports teacher who fired for association activities- she is reinstated in 1945.
NEA wins US Supreme Court case to strike down mandatory maternity leave for pregnant teachers- 1974
Fights for and wins passage of federal retirement equity law that ends sex discrimination against women in retirement funds.
CTA History- pre 1900
California Educational Society founded by John Swett- 1863
Made of administrators
Later named CTA in 1875
In 1885 CTA wins hearing rights for dismissal
Three regional groups formed- later became CTA Southern (1889), Central (1892), and Northern Sections (1897)
CTA writes legislation requiring all public school teachers to be college grads (1899)
CTA History- 1900 – 1950
CTA achieves retirement system for teachers- third in the US- 1900
CTA wins continuing contract law (pre-curser to tenure)- 1911
CTA sponsors initiative to provide free textbooks- 1911
CTA gets first tenure law passed in US- 1921
CTA wins court case in State Supreme Court to get reemployment of a married woman- 1928
CTA wins 10 sick days for teachers- 1947
CTA History 1950- 1980
Land for CTA headquarters purchased- 1954
Winton Act passed- 1965
CTA changes stance on collective bargaining- 1968
CTA begins reorganization (to how it looks now)- 1971
CTA’s legislative effort to create collective bargaining law vetoed by Gov Reagan- 1972
CTA has first state-wide training for staff on how to bargain- 1972
Massive teacher layoffs occur as a result of Prop 13- 1980
CTA passes Prop 98- 1988
Prop 174- California’s first voucher initiative defeated- 1993
CTA passes Class Size Reduction- 1996
Prop 226 “Paycheck Protection” defeated- 1998
Prop 38 California’s second voucher initiative defeated- 2000
NEA, CTA, UACT
Dennis Van Roekel
John Wilson, Executive Director
NEA Executive Committee
NEA Board & Committees
12,000 members meet once a year to debate and vote on the NEA program and priorities
David Sanchez, Dean Vogel, & Dan Vaughn
Carolyn Doggett, Executive Director
CTA Executive Board
CTA Board & Committees
State Council– Reps from each chapter meet three weekends
Jake Anderson- CTA Staff
Executive Board & Committees
Rep Council- Meets monthly
What does my local association do for me?
Defends contract through grievance process
Provides assistance with interpersonal issues and personnel issues
Speaks for teachers at district level
Provides information from CTA/NEA, other associations, and local level.
Participates in local elections
What does my contract cover?
Work day and work year
Many other local provisions- PAR/BTSA, transfers, safety, staff development, etc.
How am I protected?
Bargained by local association
Enforced through grievance procedure
Contains most of the protections you enjoy
Usually changes annually – some big, most small
School Board Policies
Passed by school board
Sets the policy for the school district
Education Code (Ed Code)
State laws that apply to education
Made by CA legislators
Continually changing through the passage of laws and initiatives
These three will overlap occasionally all stating the same thing.
Benefits of being a member of CTA
$1 million liability insurance
Attorney will take your case if you’re accused of something by your district or student- Work related
30 minute FREE consultation with attorney for non-work related issue
CTA Death and dismemberment plan
NEA Dues Tab
Numerous discounted insurances and benefits
Voice at state and national level
What is Agency Fee?
In lieu of membership, agency fee payers pay monthly unified dues equal to UACT/CTA/NEA annual dues. Agency Fee payers receive the right to receive a rebate of the fee equal to the portion that represents political or ideological spending on the part of the local, CTA and NEA that is not related to collective bargaining or employment matters.
Agency fee payers are not a member of the local, cannot hold office or vote in local elections. They forfeit access to union representation in all non-contract-related issues. They do not receive the membership benefits of legal representation, Disability Insurance, low rates and substantial discounts on home loans, personal, life and car insurance, merchandise, travel, and credit union services .
Members who would like to become an Agency Fee Payer must complete an Agency Fee Payer form.
BENEFITS OF BELONGING TO LOCAL/CTA/NEA MEMBERSHIP SERVICES CTA members and non-members (fee-payers) alike often question the difference in CTA/NEA services to members and non-members. The following may help clarify this issue.
Unfair Labor Practices
Liability Insurance Policy
Attorney, Job Related Issues
Attorney, Non-Job Related Issues
CTA/NEA Sponsored Insurance
Dues Tab Life Insurance
Organization Policy Setting
MEMBER 1. Input solicited. All provisions of contract apply. Vote on ratification. 2. Association representation provided in all areas within scope of representation, as defined in bargaining law. 3. Full representation. Attorney provided, as needed. 4. Representation as a friend, advisor, mediator, with appropriate administrative personnel. 5. Counseling and advice regarding referral to appropriate agency. 6. Representation if your individual rights are violated under EERA. 7. Travel and purchasing discount services. 8. $1,000,000 personal liability provided. 9. Counseling and representation. 10. 1 hour free consultation. 11. ½ hour free consultation. 12. Referral to attorney and counseling. 13. Life Insurance, Income Protection, Home, Auto, etc. 14. Free life insurance in the amount of the past 5 years. NEA dues paid. 15 Advice and representation. 16. Right to vote and hold office. NON-MEMBER-Agency Fee Payor 1 Input solicited. All provisions of contract apply. 2. Association representation provided in all areas within scope of representation, as defined in bargaining law. 3. Representation only if action impacts on negotiated contract or part of a larger group that includes members. 4. None. 5. None. 6. None. 7. None. 8. None. 9. None beyond contracted. 10. None. 11. None. 12. None. 13. None. 14. None. 15. None. 16. None.
BENEFITS OF BELONGING TO LOCAL/CTA/NEA MEMBERSHIP SERVICES
Individual and group representation by leaders and professional staff
Promotion of economic and professional benefits
Exclusive Bargaining Agent in Employer-Employee Relations
Negotiated salary increases and fringe benefits
Professional programs: teacher education, standards, curriculum and instruction, professional rights and responsibilities, human relations, legislation, public relations, salaries, insurance and retirement
Protection of employee rights and privileges under District policy and State law, including legal consultation
Your RRC/ Your SCC – Enhanced professional staff assistance Assistance with contract preparation Local training- workshops provided in: Bargaining Membership Grievance Processing Contract Preparation Retirement Organizing Professional Growth Fringe Benefits and more
STATE LEVEL- CTA
Legal Services (both personal and job-related matters)
CTA Scholarship Programs
State consultants and individual representation
Weight of the State Association (290,000 represented members) on local or individual problems
CTA Endorsed Special Services Programs: Group Term Life Insurance, Group Disability Insurance, Credit Unions, and Auto and Homeowner’s Insurance
CTA special services benefits for members are: discounts on travel and entertainment, new automobile purchasing, automobile extended warranty insurance, automobile quotation service, national automobile club, and hotel discount programs
State Association publications: CTA Action, Politics and Legislation (PAL)
Free on-the-job Liability Policy ($1,000,000) for each member for each occurrence
Free Dues-Tab Life Insurance
National recognition for research in education
Representation in the U.S. Congress for federal aid to education and legislation
Protection and promotion of federal income tax benefits and allowances for employees
Promotion of federal financing of teacher scholarship programs
Exclusive national voice of the teaching profession in the U.S.
NEA special services benefits for members are: life insurance plans, NEA book program, car rental program, credit card program, unified magazine service, tax-deferred annuity plan
DuShane Fund for the advancement and protection of employees’ rights nationally
National publications: NEA NOW, NEA Today, NEA Travel Guide
Where do my local dues go?
Training for reps, exec board, bargaining team, PAC committee, etc.
Subs for when people are released for association business
Food/room rental for meetings
Materials and supplies
How can I get involved?
Get on your rep council or attend rep council meetings as an observer.
Ask to be on a committee.
Ask your rep to let you know when trainings are coming up that you can attend.
Run for an exec board position.
Attend school board meetings.
Volunteer for campaigns- new one coming up in June.
If you liked the training my name is Jake Anderson; if you didn’t I’m Hal Vick.