Basic Ceramics Vocabulary

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Basic Ceramics Vocabulary

  1. 1. BASIC CERAMICS VOCABULARY by Jake Allee
  2. 2. CLAY <ul><li>Decomposed granite </li></ul><ul><li>Silica and Alumina with </li></ul><ul><li>impurities </li></ul>
  3. 3. WET CLAY <ul><li>Ready for use, moldable and plastic </li></ul>
  4. 4. LEATHER HARD <ul><li>When clay is wet enough to join together but stiff enough to handle without deforming </li></ul><ul><li>Stage when you can facet, trim, carve, and construct hard slab forms. </li></ul>
  5. 5. GREEN WARE <ul><li>Stage at which clay can be fired because all of the water has evaporated out of the piece. </li></ul><ul><li>Light grey in color </li></ul>
  6. 6. BISQUE WARE <ul><li>Fired once to 1800 degrees F. </li></ul><ul><li>Ready for glaze application </li></ul><ul><li>Can soak up water </li></ul>
  7. 7. GLAZED WARE <ul><li>Glaze fired (final firing) </li></ul><ul><li>Vitreous – Can hold water </li></ul>
  8. 8. GLAZE <ul><li>Glass like surface on the outside of a ceramic piece </li></ul><ul><li>Silica, Alumina, Flux </li></ul>
  9. 9. KILN <ul><li>Box or Chamber used to bring ceramics to a permanent state </li></ul><ul><li>Electric </li></ul><ul><li>Oil, Coal, Wood </li></ul>
  10. 11. SLIP <ul><li>Clay in liquid suspension </li></ul><ul><li>Used to join pieces together </li></ul><ul><li>Can be colored and applied when clay is leather hard </li></ul>
  11. 12. EARTHENWARE LOWFIRE CLAY FIRED TO APPROXIMATELY 1800 DEGREES Usually orange in color “terracotta”
  12. 13. STONEWARE <ul><li>High fire clay with a range of 2200-2350 degrees </li></ul><ul><li>Usually gray in color </li></ul>
  13. 14. PORCELAIN <ul><li>High fire clay capable of temperatures above 2400 degrees </li></ul><ul><li>White in color </li></ul>
  14. 16. Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux “Portrait of Charles, Brother of the Sculptor”
  15. 17. Gianlorenzo Bernini “Angel of Superstition and Angel with Thorns”

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