1980s Informal Sikh organizations on campus, but campus registration was rare Sac State, Fresno State, and in 1989 at UCB
1990s Two periods: 1990-1994 Membership generally those born in Punjab Overtly political and tied to politics of Punjab 1996-2000 New proliferation throughout Southern California UC Davis always missing Proliferation of bhangra competitions related to SSAs
2000s Continuation and Resolution of the contradictions of the 1990s 2000-2005 Proliferation of bhangra teams, growing out of SSAs. A new confidence, but new contradictions 2005-2009 Bhangra competitions are stabilizing Bhangra teams have separated from the SSA
Evolution and Revolutions From a political agenda to a lack of an agenda Bhangra outgrowth, but increasingly separation Bhangra teams have an agenda What is that of the SSA?
Strengths and Successes Largely interconnected network Statewide presence Purely social club is not the agenda Increasing student interest Phenomenal individuals
Limitations and Problems Limited engagement with Sikhs and non-Sikhs CYCLICAL instead of CUMULATIVE learning Avenue for individual growth and exploration is limited SEVERELY underfunded and underutilized Largely a UC phenomenon – weak at JCs and CSUs Lack of accountability Lack of maturity Do you leave college committed to your community?
2010s? What will be the new innovations during this decade? What will be our contribution? Can we impart a revolution to this critical institution?