Shiites rise


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Brief summary of the Shiite political aspirations in the Middle East.

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Shiites rise

  1. 1.   The Bush Administration thought of politics as the relationship between individuals and the state.  In the Middle East people see politics as the balance of power between communities.  There are no politics in the authoritarian regimes – it’s the regimes way or the highway. The Iraq Model
  2. 2.   Part of the US Foreign Policy in the Middle East was/is to make Iraq a model of democracy for the Middle East.  The hope is that democracy will allow the diverse populations of the Middle East to finally get along … Remember
  3. 3.   As of right now a little– but the rivalry between Sunni and Shiite is growing quickly.  Most Islamists are Shiite (as a minority group throughout much of the Middle East - democracy is the only way Shittes can have any voice).  Most of the ruling classes of the Middle East are Sunni.  Creates an immediate conflict of interest. Is there a rivalry?
  4. 4.   Iran is considered the leader of the Shitte world, and their influence has been growing since 2003. Iran
  5. 5.   Since US occupation of Iraq, Iran has built an extensive support network amongst Iraqis.  This closeness between Iraq and Iran has caught the US off guard.  Since they fought each other in a war for most of the 80’s we assumed they would continue to be cold towards each other. Iraq and Iran
  6. 6.   Saddam’s Baath party was Sunni and they did everything they could to drive Shiites out of Iraq.  Less diversity would equal more control of Iraq.  Even resorted to pogroms to get the job done.  Many Shiites who left Iraq in the 80’s and 90’s are now going back home.  These returning Iraqis have strong connections with their Shiite neighbors now … Iraq and Iran continued …
  7. 7.   Sharia Law is the religious code and religious law of Islam.  Sharia deals with many topics addressed by secular law, including crime, politics, and economics, as well as personal matters such as sexual intercourse, hygiene, diet, prayer, and fasting.  Interpretations of sharia vary between cultures.  Its source is from the Koran and Muslim religious scholars. Sharia Law
  8. 8.   Women's’ rights  Some punishments are seen as Medieval  Separation of church and state to promote life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness.  Freedom of religion, of expression, of thought …  No room for debate, Sharia Law comes from God and is infallible .  What if Muslim Americans want this stuff in the USA?  Sharia Law has been the corner stone of the Islamist movement, especially among Shiites. Concerns of Sharia Law in the USA
  9. 9.   The Brotherhood's credo was and is, "Allah is our objective; the Quran is our law, the Prophet is our leader; Jihad is our way; and death for the sake of Allah is the highest of our aspirations.“ Muslim Brotherhood
  10. 10.   The Brotherhood's stated goal is to instill the Qur'an as the "sole reference point for ...ordering the life of the Muslim family, individual, community ... and state".  The movement officially opposes violent means to achieve its goals, although at one time encompassed a paramilitary wing and its members were involved in massacres, bombings and assassinations of political opponents. Continued …
  11. 11.   Their language in their charters make us nervous.  It’s a group that has membership across this Middle East.  They have potential to unify the Middle East into an a new Caliph, or Muslim Empire.  It’s unlikely, given the numerous rivalries in the Middle East, but it’s a possibility nonetheless. Why these guys worry the USA