SON
WHAT ARE MINERAL RESOURCES A  MINERAL  IS A NATURALY OCCURING  SUBSTANCE FOUND IN THE EARTH’S CRUST.MINERALS  HAVE  DISTIN...
<ul><li>THERE ARE 3000 MINERALS IN THE EARTH </li></ul><ul><li>90%  OF EARTH MINERALS ARE MADE UP OF JUST 10 MINERALS </li...
<ul><li>HIGH GRADE ORES CONTAINS HIGH MINERAL CONTENT AND LESS OF IMPURITIES  </li></ul><ul><li>LOW GRADE ORES CONTAINS LO...
TYPES OF MINERALS ON COMPOSITION  <ul><li>METALLIC MINERALS </li></ul><ul><li>NON METTALIC MINERALS </li></ul>
TYPES OF NON METALLIC MINERALS <ul><li>ORGONIC  </li></ul><ul><li>IN ORGONIC  </li></ul>
EXTRACTION OF MINERALS <ul><li>OPEN CAST MINING </li></ul><ul><li>SHAFT  MINING </li></ul><ul><li>DRILLING  ARE THE THREE ...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
TYPES OF ROCKS IN WHICH MINERALS ARE FOUND  <ul><li>METAMORPHIC  AND  IGNEOUS  ROCKS  </li></ul><ul><li>SEDIMENTARY ROCKS ...
 
ASIA <ul><li>IRON ORE-INDIA ,CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>TIN-MALASIYA,INDONESIA,CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>LEAD,ANTIMONY,TUNGSTEN...
EUROPE <ul><li>IRON ORE-RUSSIA,UKRAINE,SWEDEN,FRANCE </li></ul><ul><li>COPPER,LEAD,ZINC,MANGANES,NICKEL-EASTERN EUROPE,RUS...
NORTH AMERICA <ul><li>COPPER,LEAD,ZINC,GOLD,SILVER-WESTERN CORDILLERAS </li></ul><ul><li>COAL-APPALACHAINS RANGE </li></ul...
South America <ul><li>Iron-BRAZIL </li></ul><ul><li>COPPER-CHILE,PERU </li></ul><ul><li>TIN-BRAZIL,BOLIVA </li></ul><ul><l...
AFRICA <ul><li>DIAMOND,GOLD,SILVER,PLATINUM-LARGEST PRODUCER(AFRICA) </li></ul><ul><li>GOLD-S.AFRICA,ZAIRE,ZIMBABWE </li><...
AUSTRALIA <ul><li>WORLD LEADER INPRODUCTION OF BAUXITE, IRON, GOLD,COAL,DIAMOND,TIN,NICKEL </li></ul><ul><li>RICH INMANGAN...
ANTARTICA <ul><li>COAL-TRANS ANTARTIC MOUNTAINS,PRINCE CHARLES MOUNTAINS </li></ul><ul><li>GOLD,SILVER,OIL,ARE ALSO PRESEN...
 
 
 
IRON-ORE <ul><li>INDIA –LARGEST IRON DEPOSIT IN ASIA </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES OF IRON ORES-MAGNETIC,HAEMATITE </li></ul><ul...
BAUXITE(ORE OF ALUMINIUM) <ul><li>PRODUCING AREAS-ORISSA(LARGEST),TAMIL NADU,M.P,MAHARASHTRA,GUJARAT, CHATTISGARH,JHARKHAN...
MICA
coper <ul><li>Produced mainly –A.P ,Karnataka ,M.P, Jharkhand, Rajasthan  </li></ul><ul><li>Used in electrical industry fo...
<ul><li>Deposits-  M.P, ORISSA, A.P, CHATTISGARH,  KARNATAKA </li></ul><ul><li>USES-SMELTING OF IRON, MANUFACTURING  FERRO...
LIMESTONE <ul><li>DEPOSITS- M.P ,TAMIL NADU,BIHAR, </li></ul><ul><li>ORISSA,GUJARAT, RAJASTAN, MAHARASHTRA,JHARKHAND </li>...
Gold  <ul><li>Deposit-hutti , kolar in Karnataka  </li></ul><ul><li>Uses- making jewellery  ,in experiments </li></ul><ul>...
Salt  <ul><li>It is used as preservatives in food industry </li></ul><ul><li>Common salt (NaCl) is used in food to make it...
silicon <ul><li>Uses –in computer industry </li></ul><ul><li>Obtained –from quartz </li></ul><ul><li>Quartz (deposits)-M.P...
CONSERVATION OF MINERALS
 
 
 
POWER RESOURCES <ul><li>ENERGY IS GENERATED FROM POWER RESOURCES </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES-CONVECTIONAL ,NON CONVECTIONAL </...
CONVECTIONAL POWER RESOURCES <ul><li>FIRE WOOD </li></ul><ul><li>COAL </li></ul><ul><li>PETROLEUM </li></ul><ul><li>NATURA...
FIRE WOOD <ul><li>USES-COOKING, HEATING </li></ul><ul><li>50% OF ENERGY USED IN VILLAGES IS GOT FROM FIREWOOD </li></ul>
 
COAL <ul><li>FORMED MILLIONS OF YEARS AGO </li></ul><ul><li>LEADING COAL PRODUCERS-USA,RUSSIA, GERMANY ,FRANCE,SOUTHAFRICA...
 
PETROLEUM <ul><li>DERIVATION-LATIN(ROCKOIL) </li></ul><ul><li>TRAPPED BETWEEN SEDIMETARY ROCKS,IS BLACK </li></ul><ul><li>...
 
NATURAL GAS <ul><li>FOUND NEAR OIL FIELDS,RELEASED WHEN CRUDE OIL IS DRILLED </li></ul><ul><li>TOP PRODUCERS-NETHERLANDS,N...
 
NON CONVECTIONAL SOURCES <ul><li>HYDROELECRICITY </li></ul><ul><li>SOLAR ENERGY </li></ul><ul><li>WIND ENERGY </li></ul><u...
HYDROELECTRICITY <ul><li>THE WATER STORED IN DAMS FALL ON TURBNES FROM GREAT HEIGHTS ON TURBINES WHICH MAKES THEM ROTATE A...
 
SOLAR ENERGY <ul><li>OBTAINED FROM SUNLIGHT USING PHOTOVOLTIC CELLS/SOLR THERMAL TECHNOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>GUJRAT,RAJAS...
 
WIND ENERGY WIND ENERGY <ul><li>KINETIC ENERGY OF WIND IS CONVERTED INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY </li></ul><ul><li>HAS BEEN USED...
 
NUCLEAR POWER <ul><li>RADIOACTIVE MINERALS SUCH AS THORIUM , URANIUM,PLUTONIUM ETC UNDERGO NUCLEAR FISSION AND ENERGY IS E...
 
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY <ul><li>HOT WATER FROM GEYSERS &GEOTHERMAL SPRINGS IS USED FOR COOKING BATHING & HEATING FOR SEVERAL YEA...
 
TIDAL ENERGY <ul><li>THERARE DAMS BUILT IN NARROW OPENINGS OF TIDAL BELTS  OF SEA </li></ul><ul><li>DURING HIGH TIES TH TI...
 
BIO GAS <ul><li>GENERATED FROM DEAD AND DECAYING ORGANIC MATTER </li></ul><ul><li>IN BIO GAS DIGESTERS THE BACTERIA DECOMP...
 
SAVE ENERGY <ul><li>WE SHOULD CONSERVE & WE SHOULDNOT WASTE ENERGY </li></ul>
 
 
 
 
 
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  • UYTFPCCCCCCCCCCCCCCYIIIIII
  • minerals and power resources

    1. 1. SON
    2. 2. WHAT ARE MINERAL RESOURCES A MINERAL IS A NATURALY OCCURING SUBSTANCE FOUND IN THE EARTH’S CRUST.MINERALS HAVE DISTINT PHYSICAL POROPETIES SUCH AS COLOR AND HARDNESS AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES SUCH AS SOLUBILITY
    3. 3. <ul><li>THERE ARE 3000 MINERALS IN THE EARTH </li></ul><ul><li>90% OF EARTH MINERALS ARE MADE UP OF JUST 10 MINERALS </li></ul><ul><li>COMMON MINERALS-SILICATES ,ALUMINIUM, IRON, SODIUM ,POTTASIUM, CALCIUM, MAGNESIUM. </li></ul><ul><li>THEY ARE FOUND IN PURE STATE IN ORES WHICH ARE ROCKS CONTAINING MINERALS </li></ul><ul><li>ORES ARE CLASSIFIED INTO LOW AND HIGH GRADE ORES (CONTINUED IN NEXT SLIDE) </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>HIGH GRADE ORES CONTAINS HIGH MINERAL CONTENT AND LESS OF IMPURITIES </li></ul><ul><li>LOW GRADE ORES CONTAINS LOW MINERAL CONTENT AND MORE OF IMPURITIES </li></ul>
    5. 5. TYPES OF MINERALS ON COMPOSITION <ul><li>METALLIC MINERALS </li></ul><ul><li>NON METTALIC MINERALS </li></ul>
    6. 6. TYPES OF NON METALLIC MINERALS <ul><li>ORGONIC </li></ul><ul><li>IN ORGONIC </li></ul>
    7. 7. EXTRACTION OF MINERALS <ul><li>OPEN CAST MINING </li></ul><ul><li>SHAFT MINING </li></ul><ul><li>DRILLING ARE THE THREE TYPES OF MINING </li></ul>
    8. 16. TYPES OF ROCKS IN WHICH MINERALS ARE FOUND <ul><li>METAMORPHIC AND IGNEOUS ROCKS </li></ul><ul><li>SEDIMENTARY ROCKS </li></ul>
    9. 18. ASIA <ul><li>IRON ORE-INDIA ,CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>TIN-MALASIYA,INDONESIA,CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>LEAD,ANTIMONY,TUNGSTEN-CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>PETROLEUM,NATURAL GAS-MIDDLE EASTERN COUNTRIES </li></ul><ul><li>MANGANESE,BAUXITE-MOST PARTS OF ASIA </li></ul>
    10. 19. EUROPE <ul><li>IRON ORE-RUSSIA,UKRAINE,SWEDEN,FRANCE </li></ul><ul><li>COPPER,LEAD,ZINC,MANGANES,NICKEL-EASTERN EUROPE,RUSSIA </li></ul><ul><li>COAL-RUHR VALLEY OF GERMANY </li></ul><ul><li>PETROLEUM & NATURAL GAS-UK,NORWAY </li></ul>
    11. 20. NORTH AMERICA <ul><li>COPPER,LEAD,ZINC,GOLD,SILVER-WESTERN CORDILLERAS </li></ul><ul><li>COAL-APPALACHAINS RANGE </li></ul><ul><li>IRON ORE,NICKEL,GOLD,URANIUM,COPPER-CANADIANSHIELD REGION </li></ul><ul><li>SOFTCOAL-WEST VIRGINIA,WESTERN PENNYSLYVANIA,OHIO,KENTUCKY </li></ul>
    12. 21. South America <ul><li>Iron-BRAZIL </li></ul><ul><li>COPPER-CHILE,PERU </li></ul><ul><li>TIN-BRAZIL,BOLIVA </li></ul><ul><li>MINERAL OIL-MEXICO,VENEZULA,ARGENTINA,CHILE,PERU, COLUMBIA </li></ul><ul><li>BAUXITE-N.E.SOUTH AMERICA,JAMAICA </li></ul><ul><li>GOLD,SILVER,,ZINC,CHORIUM,MANGANESE,MICA,PLATINUM,ABESTOS,DIAMOND-ARE ALSO FOUND IN S.AMERICA </li></ul>
    13. 22. AFRICA <ul><li>DIAMOND,GOLD,SILVER,PLATINUM-LARGEST PRODUCER(AFRICA) </li></ul><ul><li>GOLD-S.AFRICA,ZAIRE,ZIMBABWE </li></ul><ul><li>WITWATERSLAND – IN THE LAST 100 YEARS IT PRODUCED 50% OF WORLD’S GOLD </li></ul><ul><li>SOME OTHER METALS FOUND HERE –COPPER,IRON,CHROMIUM,COBALT,URANIUM </li></ul>
    14. 23. AUSTRALIA <ul><li>WORLD LEADER INPRODUCTION OF BAUXITE, IRON, GOLD,COAL,DIAMOND,TIN,NICKEL </li></ul><ul><li>RICH INMANGANESE,COPPER,LEAD,ZINC </li></ul><ul><li>GOLD-KALGOORLIE ,COOLGARDIE </li></ul>
    15. 24. ANTARTICA <ul><li>COAL-TRANS ANTARTIC MOUNTAINS,PRINCE CHARLES MOUNTAINS </li></ul><ul><li>GOLD,SILVER,OIL,ARE ALSO PRESENT </li></ul><ul><li>MINING IS BANNED,ONLY RESERCHERS DO ABIT OF MINING </li></ul>
    16. 28. IRON-ORE <ul><li>INDIA –LARGEST IRON DEPOSIT IN ASIA </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES OF IRON ORES-MAGNETIC,HAEMATITE </li></ul><ul><li>IRON MINES-CHOTA NAGPUR PLATEAU,MAINLY FOUND IN JHARKAND,ORRISA,CHHATTISGARH, MADYAPRADESH,GOA,MAHARASHTRA,KARNATAKA </li></ul>
    17. 29. BAUXITE(ORE OF ALUMINIUM) <ul><li>PRODUCING AREAS-ORISSA(LARGEST),TAMIL NADU,M.P,MAHARASHTRA,GUJARAT, CHATTISGARH,JHARKHAND </li></ul><ul><li>USES-AUTOMOBILES,AIRCRAFT,FURNITURES.ETC </li></ul>
    18. 30. MICA
    19. 31. coper <ul><li>Produced mainly –A.P ,Karnataka ,M.P, Jharkhand, Rajasthan </li></ul><ul><li>Used in electrical industry for making wires , motors , transformers ,generators </li></ul><ul><li>It was used to make coins </li></ul><ul><li>It is mixed with gold to give strength </li></ul>
    20. 32. <ul><li>Deposits- M.P, ORISSA, A.P, CHATTISGARH, KARNATAKA </li></ul><ul><li>USES-SMELTING OF IRON, MANUFACTURING FERRO-ALLOYS , ADDS STRENGHT TO STEEL </li></ul>
    21. 33. LIMESTONE <ul><li>DEPOSITS- M.P ,TAMIL NADU,BIHAR, </li></ul><ul><li>ORISSA,GUJARAT, RAJASTAN, MAHARASHTRA,JHARKHAND </li></ul><ul><li>RAW MATERIAL FOR CEMENT INDUSTRY </li></ul>
    22. 34. Gold <ul><li>Deposit-hutti , kolar in Karnataka </li></ul><ul><li>Uses- making jewellery ,in experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Mining of gold is very expensive </li></ul>
    23. 35. Salt <ul><li>It is used as preservatives in food industry </li></ul><ul><li>Common salt (NaCl) is used in food to make it tasty </li></ul><ul><li>Obtained fromseas,lakes, rocks </li></ul><ul><li>Deposits –Gujarat ,tuticorin </li></ul><ul><li>India – leading producer , exporter </li></ul>
    24. 36. silicon <ul><li>Uses –in computer industry </li></ul><ul><li>Obtained –from quartz </li></ul><ul><li>Quartz (deposits)-M.P,U.P,HIMACHAL PRADESH(UNA) </li></ul>
    25. 37. CONSERVATION OF MINERALS
    26. 41. POWER RESOURCES <ul><li>ENERGY IS GENERATED FROM POWER RESOURCES </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES-CONVECTIONAL ,NON CONVECTIONAL </li></ul>
    27. 42. CONVECTIONAL POWER RESOURCES <ul><li>FIRE WOOD </li></ul><ul><li>COAL </li></ul><ul><li>PETROLEUM </li></ul><ul><li>NATURAL GAS </li></ul>
    28. 43. FIRE WOOD <ul><li>USES-COOKING, HEATING </li></ul><ul><li>50% OF ENERGY USED IN VILLAGES IS GOT FROM FIREWOOD </li></ul>
    29. 45. COAL <ul><li>FORMED MILLIONS OF YEARS AGO </li></ul><ul><li>LEADING COAL PRODUCERS-USA,RUSSIA, GERMANY ,FRANCE,SOUTHAFRICA,CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA-JHAIRA(LARGEST),RANIGANG </li></ul><ul><li>LOW GRADE-ASSAM,ARUNACHAL PRADESH,NAGALAND MEGALAYA </li></ul><ul><li>LIGNITE-TAMIL NADU,PUDUCHERRY,GUJRAT,JK </li></ul><ul><li>USES-THERMAL POWER;IRON,STEEL INDUSTRIES; DOMESTIC FUEL; STEAM ENGINES </li></ul>
    30. 47. PETROLEUM <ul><li>DERIVATION-LATIN(ROCKOIL) </li></ul><ul><li>TRAPPED BETWEEN SEDIMETARY ROCKS,IS BLACK </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS DRILLED FROM OFF &ON SHORE OIL FELDS </li></ul><ul><li>USED FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION IN AUTOMOBILES, AIRCRAFT ETC </li></ul><ul><li>ALSO CALLED BLACK GOLD,LIQUID GOLD </li></ul><ul><li>TOP PRODUCERS MIDDLE EASTERN COUNTRIES, USA,RUSSIA,ALGERIA,VENEZULA </li></ul><ul><li>IN INDIA-DIGBOI IN ASSAM,BOMBAY HIGH,DELTAS OF KRISHNA &GODAVARI </li></ul>
    31. 49. NATURAL GAS <ul><li>FOUND NEAR OIL FIELDS,RELEASED WHEN CRUDE OIL IS DRILLED </li></ul><ul><li>TOP PRODUCERS-NETHERLANDS,NORWAY,UK, RUSSIA </li></ul><ul><li>IN 1984 GAIL WAS SET UP TO LOCATE AND TRANSPORT NATURL GAS IN INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>FOUND AT(INDIA)-EASTERN COAST OF THE GODAVARI KRISHNA DELTA , TRIPURA,JAISALMER,KANDLA(GUJRAT), MUMBAI </li></ul><ul><li>CNG IS A ECO FRIENDLY AUTOMOBILE FUEL </li></ul>
    32. 51. NON CONVECTIONAL SOURCES <ul><li>HYDROELECRICITY </li></ul><ul><li>SOLAR ENERGY </li></ul><ul><li>WIND ENERGY </li></ul><ul><li>NUCLEAR POWER </li></ul><ul><li>GEOTHERMAL ENERGY </li></ul><ul><li>TIDAL ENERGY </li></ul><ul><li>BIOGAS </li></ul>
    33. 52. HYDROELECTRICITY <ul><li>THE WATER STORED IN DAMS FALL ON TURBNES FROM GREAT HEIGHTS ON TURBINES WHICH MAKES THEM ROTATE AND TURN THE GENERATOR AND PROUDUCE ELECRICITY </li></ul><ul><li>TOP PRODUCERS-CHINA,NORWAY , PARAQUAY , BRAZIL </li></ul><ul><li>IN INDIA-SHIVASAMUDRAM,NAGARJUNA SAGAR, BHAKRANANGAL,DAMODAR VALLEY PROJECT </li></ul>
    34. 54. SOLAR ENERGY <ul><li>OBTAINED FROM SUNLIGHT USING PHOTOVOLTIC CELLS/SOLR THERMAL TECHNOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>GUJRAT,RAJASTHAN,TROPICAL COUNTRIES HAVE POTENTIAL FOR SOLAR ENERGY </li></ul><ul><li>USED IN SOLAR HEATERS,COOKERS ETC </li></ul>
    35. 56. WIND ENERGY WIND ENERGY <ul><li>KINETIC ENERGY OF WIND IS CONVERTED INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY </li></ul><ul><li>HAS BEEN USED FOR GRINDING GRAIN &LIFTING WATER SINCE ANCIENT TIMES </li></ul><ul><li>LOCATED IN COASTLINES &HILLS WHERE THERE STEADY &STRONG WINDS ARE LOCATED </li></ul><ul><li>TOP PRODUCERS –GERMANY,UK,USA,DENMARK, SPAIN </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA-GUJRAT(LAMBA),TAMIL NADU </li></ul>
    36. 58. NUCLEAR POWER <ul><li>RADIOACTIVE MINERALS SUCH AS THORIUM , URANIUM,PLUTONIUM ETC UNDERGO NUCLEAR FISSION AND ENERGY IS EMITTED </li></ul><ul><li>LEADING PRODUCERS-USA,FRANCE </li></ul><ul><li>DEPOSITS(INDIA)-1)THORIUM-KERALA </li></ul><ul><li>2)URANIUM-RAJASTHAN, </li></ul><ul><li>JHARKHAND </li></ul><ul><li>POWER STATIONS-KALPAKKAM,TARAPUR, RANAPRATAPSAGAR,NARORO,KAIGA </li></ul>
    37. 60. GEOTHERMAL ENERGY <ul><li>HOT WATER FROM GEYSERS &GEOTHERMAL SPRINGS IS USED FOR COOKING BATHING & HEATING FOR SEVERAL YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>BIG PLANTS USA,NEW ZEALAND , PHILLIPHINES, ICELAND&CENTRAL AMERICA </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA-MANIKARAN, PUGAVALLEY </li></ul>
    38. 62. TIDAL ENERGY <ul><li>THERARE DAMS BUILT IN NARROW OPENINGS OF TIDAL BELTS OF SEA </li></ul><ul><li>DURING HIGH TIES TH TIDES ARE USED TOI TURN THE TURBINES AND THEY PRODUCE ELECTRICITY </li></ul><ul><li>RUSSIA ,FRANCE,GULFOF KUTCHIN IN INDIA HAVE LARGE TIDAL FARMS </li></ul>
    39. 64. BIO GAS <ul><li>GENERATED FROM DEAD AND DECAYING ORGANIC MATTER </li></ul><ul><li>IN BIO GAS DIGESTERS THE BACTERIA DECOMPOSE THEORGANIC MATTER AND RELESE BIO GAS(METHANE+CARBONDIOXIDE) </li></ul><ul><li>THE WASTE IS USED AS MANURE </li></ul>
    40. 66. SAVE ENERGY <ul><li>WE SHOULD CONSERVE & WE SHOULDNOT WASTE ENERGY </li></ul>
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