Let us see the table. India is one of the countries where agriculture has got a very important place. Like other resources, agricultural resources have significant influence on Indian economy. Three fourths of her population depend on agriculture. Agricultural sector is the source of raw materials for many industries. It make the food basket richer for a nation like India which stands second in the world in terms of population. Agricultural sector in India is dynamic throughout the year. Variety in seasonal crops is the peculiarity of our agricultural sector. Thus agricultural crops are classified into three, based on seasonal changes.
Name Sowing Period Harvest Period Major Crops Kharif June (Beginning of Monsoon) Early days of November (End of Monsoon) Paddy, Maize, Cotton, Millets, Jute, Sugarcane, Ground nut Rabi November (Beginning of winter) March (Beginning of summer) Wheat, Tobacco, Mustard, Pulses, Linseed Zaid March (Beginning of summer) June (Beginning of Monsoon) Fruits, Vegetables, Water melon
Wheat is another important food grain after paddy. It is the staple food of the people in the state of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. Even though wheat is a temperate crop, it is considered a rabi crop in India. It is cultivated in those place in northern India where the temperature in winter does not exceed 15 °c
Millets is another important food grain. It is largely cultivated in Maharastra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Rajastan, Uttar pradesh where the temperature is between 27 °c and 32 °c