Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. Jainna  Leon Davila Cevate -1F-N
Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. <ul><li>The family is a child’s first and s...
Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. Three Important Caveats in Considering the ...
Study Examined 16 Family Indicators -- This Presentation Provides Data on 8   <ul><li>The parent/pupil ratio </li></ul><ul...
Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. <ul><li>Raising Children is Best Done in th...
Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. “ Parent-Pupil” Ratio is in Decline – a Dev...
Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. Differences in Children in Single-parent Fa...
Raising Children in One-parent Families is an Increasing Trend in the Developed World T he United States has the highest p...
Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. Large Differences Exist Among Families in E...
Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. <ul><li>Reading to Children is Related to P...
Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. Our Unequal Child Care System May Be Reinfo...
Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service.
Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. <ul><li>Educational Achievement is Related ...
Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. <ul><li>Some Disturbing Deficiencies in the...
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Coley031408

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Coley031408

  1. 1. Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. Jainna Leon Davila Cevate -1F-N
  2. 2. Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. <ul><li>The family is a child’s first and smallest school -- parents are the first teachers </li></ul><ul><li>How well children perform in school depends on where they start. </li></ul><ul><li>Many homes are under-resourced and ill-equipped as first schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Parents often need help in understanding the connection between what happens in the home and in school. </li></ul><ul><li>Helping all children achieve requires that educational deficiencies in the home be addressed. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. Three Important Caveats in Considering the Family as an Educational Institution Improving the family as an educational institution is not a substitute for national/state educational improvement and accountability efforts. We must do both. Better equipped families can be important allies to teachers and schools in their efforts to improve achievement and close the achievement gap. The family is our most private institution and this privacy must be respected in any efforts that are made.
  4. 4. Study Examined 16 Family Indicators -- This Presentation Provides Data on 8 <ul><li>The parent/pupil ratio </li></ul><ul><li>Early language and literacy development </li></ul><ul><li>Reading to children </li></ul><ul><li>Child care – type and quality </li></ul><ul><li>Home learning environment </li></ul><ul><li>Family resources </li></ul><ul><li>Parent employment </li></ul><ul><li>Linking it all to achievement </li></ul>Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service.
  5. 5. Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. <ul><li>Raising Children is Best Done in the Two-parent Family (“Parent – Pupil Ratio”) </li></ul><ul><li>Children in father-absent families are significantly more likely to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have lower academic achievement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop behavioral and psychological problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use illegal substances and have early contact with police </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have sexual relations at an earlier age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have poor physical and psychological health </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. “ Parent-Pupil” Ratio is in Decline – a Development Unfavorable to Raising Educational Achievement Just over one in three Black children live with both parents, well below the national average.
  7. 7. Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. Differences in Children in Single-parent Families Correlate with State Academic Achievement
  8. 8. Raising Children in One-parent Families is an Increasing Trend in the Developed World T he United States has the highest percentage of single parent families in comparison to 10 other advanced economic countries. Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service.
  9. 9. Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. Large Differences Exist Among Families in Early Language Acquisition and Literacy Development These are critical to cognitive development and school achievement
  10. 10. Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. <ul><li>Reading to Children is Related to Parents’ Socioeconomic Status </li></ul><ul><li>Research has established that reading to young children is related to their literacy development and subsequent success in school. </li></ul><ul><li>Significant socioeconomic and geographic differences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>62% of high-SES kindergartners read to every day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>36% of low-SES kindergartners read to every day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large differences across states, ranging from 68% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in VT to 38% in MS </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. Our Unequal Child Care System May Be Reinforcing and Perpetuating Achievement Gaps Child care is the larger family in which many children spend many “unequal” hours. Throughout the country child care availability is limited and its quality uneven. Black children are most likely to be in some type of day care (63%), compared to about 40% of other groups. Many children, particularly poor and minority children, are in low-quality care.
  12. 12. Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service.
  13. 13. Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. <ul><li>Educational Achievement is Related to a Three Legged Stool of the Home’s Learning Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How the home is equipped for study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How parents set and enforce rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How parents interact with their child’s school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and teachers </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Confidential and Proprietary. Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. <ul><li>Some Disturbing Deficiencies in the Family School House Environment </li></ul><ul><li>25% of U.S. parents reported not having books, magazines, and newspapers available in the home -- these encourage learning. </li></ul><ul><li>While about 50% of White students use the Internet at home, only about 25% of Black and Hispanic students do so -- the digital divide exists. </li></ul><ul><li>While 24% of 8 th graders watch 4 or more hours of TV on an average weekday, almost 60% of Black students do so -- this is excessive TV watching. </li></ul>
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