The computer will now boot from the CD/DVD. Click on the Install Ubuntu button.
STEP 1:- Language selection. select the comfortable language. The click on the forward button to proceed.
STEP 2:- Select the time zone of your location by clicking on the the red dot near your place on the map. Proceed FORWARD.
STEP 3:- Click on your keyboard layout. Again FORWARD.
STEP 4:- Take Manual (recemended) because of flexibility. Press forward.Partition table comes.For dual use ext3 for only one partition in which Linux is installed and to use fat32 for all other partitions. Leave the partition where Windows is installed as such if you wish to facilitate dual boot Create one partition in ext3 format and set the mount point as ‘/’ backslash. Its better to give around 5 GB for this partition. A swap area double the size of your RAM is needed. press FORWARD.
STEP 5:- Give your Details Here. Now click on Forward.
STEP 6:- Step 6 unfortunately has no screenshots. They ask whether you want to migrate your user settings like user accounts from your existing OS which would be Windows in most cases. I never select this option. But if its needed you can do it.
STEP 7:- “Ready to Install”. The last step... You see all the selections you have made in the first six steps and see an install button. You can verify them, change them if needed by going back. When all changes have been made, press on INSTALL button.
Now they start the installation procedures. They set up the partitions, format it. Copies the necessary OS files into the / directory or root directory. It will take some time.
click on the Restart now option and wait for restarting. Login using the username and password given during installation
Login using the username and password given during installation
Fsck: File system consistency check and repair Syntax: fsck [options] [filesystem] ... options: -r, -s, -t ..
top List processes running on the system Syntax: top options options: -b, -c, -d ...
history Command History SYNTAX history [option] options: -c, -d, -a ...
Linux advanced commands <ul><li># cal 2007- show the timetable of 2007 </li></ul><ul><li># cat /proc/cpuinfo- show information CPU info </li></ul><ul><li># cat /proc/interrupts - show interrupts </li></ul><ul><li># cat /proc/meminfo - verify memory use </li></ul><ul><li># cat /proc/swaps- show file(s) swap </li></ul><ul><li># cat /proc/version - show version of the kernel </li></ul><ul><li># cat /proc/net/dev - show network adpters and statistics </li></ul>
9)# cat /proc/net/dev - show network adpters and statistics 10)# cat /proc/mounts - show mounted file system(s) 11)# clock -w - save date changes on BIOS 12)# date - show system date 13)# date 041217002007.00- set date and time - MonthDayhoursMinutesYear.Seconds 14)# dmidecode -q - show hardware system components - (SMBIOS / DMI) 15)# hdparm -i /dev/hda displays the characteristics of a hard-disk
16)# lspci -tv display PCI devices 17)# lsusb -tv show USB devices 18)# uname -m show architecture of machine(2) 19)# uname -r show used kernel version 20)# arch - show architecture of machine(1)