The Uncompahgre Highlandrises to mountainous heights… Devil’s Kitchen
then is worn down over millions of years to a nearlylevel plain. (These ancient crystalline rocks - granite,gneiss, schist - which were at the core appear todayin the canyon floors.) … Coke Ovens
Great bodies of water follow, depositing layer uponlayer of soft, sedimentary rocks as distant mountains give themselves up, grain by grain, to be reformed. Balancing Rock
The Canyon Floor contains dark purple Proterozoic rock
The Kayenta Formation caps the cliffs with resistant silica-cemented rocks… Rock-fall deposits cover most of the red Chinle Formation at the base of the cliffs of Wingate Sandstone… Inside Devil’s Kitchen Devil’s Kitchen in No Thoroughfare Canyon showing erosional remnants of caps of Kayenta Formation on pedestals of the WingateIndependence Monument Sandstone…
Classifying the Deposits of the Monument http://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/i-2740/i-2740.pdf .
How Thick Are They? http://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/i-2740/i-2740.pdf .
Layers in time http://3dparks.wr.usgs.gov/coloradoplateau/colorado_strat.htm
Bibliography• “Colorado National Monument,” National Park Service, accessed December 7, 2011. http://www.nps.gov/colm/index.htm .•• “Colorado National Monument,” Frommers, accessed December 7, 2011. http://www.frommers.com/destinations/grandjunction/1468024512.html .•• Robert B. Scott, Anne E. Harding, William C. Hood, Rex D. Cole, Richard F. Livaccari, James B. Johnson, Ralph R. Shroba, and Robert P. Dickerson, “Geologic Map of Colorado National Monument and Adjacent Areas, Mesa County, Colorado,” Geologic Investigations Series, I- 2740, 2001. http://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/i-2740/i-2740.pdf .•• Judith Kohler, “Colorado National Monument: A pocket-size Grand Canyon,” Summit Daily via Associated Press, January 9, 2011. http://www.summitdaily.com/article/20110109/NEWS/110109839 .•• “Should Colorado National Monument become national park?” Denver Post via Associated Press, March 26, 20111.• http://www.denverpost.com/nationworld/ci_17707430?source=rss .•• Stewart Green, “John Otto Climbs Independence Monument,” accessed December 7, 2011. http://climbing.about.com/od/historyofclimbing/ss/OttoAndIndy_2.htm .
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