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How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
How To Write a Scientific paper
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How To Write a Scientific paper

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All the basic skills you need for writing interesting and captivating scientific papers

All the basic skills you need for writing interesting and captivating scientific papers

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  • 1. How to write a scientific paper Fausto Giunchiglia Literature: Jeffrey A. Lee, The scientific endeavor, 2000 Bruno Buchberger, Thinking Speaking Writing By Fausto Giunchiglia and Alessandro Tomasi
  • 2. <ul><li>Role of Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of audience </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of kind of paper </li></ul><ul><li>Defining Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Structuring Papers </li></ul><ul><li>The Process </li></ul><ul><li>Style </li></ul>Index:
  • 3. <ul><li>1. Role of Papers </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>“ I have got the idea but I cannot express it” </li></ul>1. Role of Papers This is nonsense
  • 5. 1. Role of Papers <ul><li>Role of parts of Papers: </li></ul><ul><li>support the process of expressing an idea </li></ul><ul><li>show your result </li></ul><ul><li>relate to existing scientific work </li></ul><ul><li>enable readers to learn / continue their work </li></ul>
  • 6. 2. Analysis of audience
  • 7. 2. Analysis of audience “ First I’ll write the paper and then I’ll publish it” This is nonsense
  • 8. <ul><li>Depends on the audience: </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarship </li></ul><ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Community </li></ul>2. Analysis of audience
  • 9. 3. Analysis of kind of papers
  • 10. <ul><li>TechRep </li></ul><ul><li>Workshop Paper </li></ul><ul><li>Top Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Journal </li></ul><ul><li>Invited Talks </li></ul>3. Analysis of kind of papers
  • 11. <ul><li>Kind of publications </li></ul><ul><li>archival publications </li></ul><ul><li>not archival publications </li></ul><ul><li>ISBN/ISSN publications </li></ul>3. Analysis of kind of papers
  • 12. <ul><li>It’s the writer’s business to make </li></ul><ul><li>the reader’s life as easy as possible </li></ul>2. Analysis of kind of papers
  • 13. 2. Analysis of kind of papers <ul><li>A Paper must be: </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Explanatory </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Contained </li></ul>
  • 14. <ul><li>To plan long in advance is the </li></ul><ul><li>difference from accepting and rejecting </li></ul>2. Analysis of kind of papers Deadline of a Conference Decide which conference to submit the paper Write it 3…6 months [for a PHD Student] 3 months [for a PHD student] Write it
  • 15. 4. Defining Goals
  • 16. 4. Defining Goals The process from Analysis to Synthesis Until you have written a paper, the research is not finished
  • 17. 4. Defining Goals <ul><li>One paper one message </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself: </li></ul><ul><li>What is your goal? (a new technique, a new experimentation) </li></ul><ul><li>What did you try to do? </li></ul><ul><li>What have you done? </li></ul><ul><li>How did you do this? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the core idea? </li></ul>
  • 18. <ul><li>Message = Core Idea = Goal </li></ul><ul><li>A goal may be a sub-goal of another goal </li></ul><ul><li>A goal may be a prerequisite for another goal </li></ul>4. Defining Goals
  • 19. 5. Structuring Papers
  • 20. 5. Structuring Papers After defining your goal, you can start working on the structure of the paper 5.1 Coarse Grained 5.2 Fine Grained
  • 21. <ul><li>Do the Writing according to the following Sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Tentative Title A </li></ul><ul><li>Write your Main Idea D </li></ul><ul><li>Write Introduction C </li></ul><ul><li>Write Conclusions E </li></ul><ul><li>Finalize the Title A </li></ul><ul><li>Write the Abstract B </li></ul>5. Structuring Papers
  • 22. A B C D E F <ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Work out of main idea </li></ul><ul><li>Details of main idea </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Appendixes </li></ul>5. Structuring Papers
  • 23. In Title, Abstract, Introduction, Conclusions - same thing at different levels of detail - different purposes 5. Structuring Papers
  • 24. <ul><li>Title: </li></ul>A A short sentence with the description of your work Goal: convince reader to read abstract 3-5 words 5. Structuring Papers
  • 25. <ul><li>Title Structure: </li></ul>A <ul><li>Name of the problem solved </li></ul><ul><li>Data Domain </li></ul><ul><li>Solution </li></ul>5. Structuring Papers
  • 26. <ul><li>Title Structure: Example </li></ul>A <ul><li>Data Domain </li></ul><ul><li>Data Coordination in Peer-to-Peer DataBase </li></ul><ul><li>Name of the problem to be solved: </li></ul><ul><li>Peer-to-Peer DataBase </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><li>Semantic Matching in Heterogeneous DB’s </li></ul>5. Structuring Papers
  • 27. <ul><li>Title Structure: how to find a title </li></ul>A 5. Structuring Papers A table with problems, solutions and domains: Title is a combinations of this words… … … Bioinformatics Semantic Matching … P2P Database Matching Heterogenity DB Domain Solutions Problems
  • 28. <ul><li>Abstract </li></ul>B A paragraph with the description of your work Goal: convince reader to read the paper 10 lines 5. Structuring Papers
  • 29. <ul><li>Abstract Components </li></ul>B <ul><li>Name of the Problem Solved </li></ul><ul><li>Data Domain </li></ul><ul><li>Solution </li></ul><ul><li>What is new </li></ul><ul><li>NO CITATIONS </li></ul>5. Structuring Papers
  • 30. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul>C Some paragraph with the set of goals of your work Goal: establish main message of paper 1 page 5. Structuring Papers
  • 31. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul>C <ul><li>[Context + to get the idea]  1 paragraph (NO citations) </li></ul><ul><li>Problem + Citations  ≤ 20 lines </li></ul><ul><li>Approach + Solutions  ≤ 20 lines </li></ul><ul><li>[Why you are novel] </li></ul><ul><li>Structure of the Paper, by sections  ≤ 20 lines </li></ul><ul><li>[Auxiliary Material (Notations, </li></ul><ul><li>Observations, How to read it,…)] </li></ul>5. Structuring Papers

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