Wireless Fidelity
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Wireless Fidelity

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MASTER~JAI

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Wireless Fidelity Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Wi-Fi Technologies JAI~MCA
  • 2.
    • JAI ~MCA
    • MCA~ (GGITS)
    • ROLL NO. 20
    Wi-Fi (Wireless-Fidelity) Technologies
  • 3. Wi-Fi Tech. Agenda
    • Introduction
    • Purpose
    • Wi-Fi Alliance
    • The Wi-Fi Technology
    • Elements of a WI-FI Network
    • How a Wi-Fi Network Works
    • Wi-Fi Network Topologies
    • Wi-Fi Configurations
    • Wi-Fi Applications
    • Wi-Fi Security
    • Authentication
    • Advantages & Disadvantages
  • 4. Intro.
    • Wireless Technology is an alternative to Wired Technology, which is commonly used, for connecting devices in wireless mode.
    • Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) is a generic term that refers to the IEEE 802.11 communications standard for Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs).
    • Wi-Fi Network connect computers to each other, to the internet and to the wired network.
    • Wi-Fi works on physical and data link layer.
  • 5. Purpose
    •  The purpose of Wi-Fi is to hide complexity by enabling wireless access to applications and data, media and streams.
    • The main aims of Wi-Fi are the following:
    • make access to information easier
    • ensure compatibility and co-existence of devices
    • eliminate cabling and wiring
    • eliminate switches, adapters, plugs, pins and connectors
  • 6. Wi-Fi Alliance
    • The Alliance promotes standards with the aim of improving the interoperability of wireless local area network products based on the IEEE 802.11 standards. The Wi-Fi Alliance, a consortium of separate and independent companies, agrees on a set of common interoperable products based on the family of IEEE 802.11 standards.The Wi-Fi Alliance certifies products via a set of defined test-procedures to establish interoperability. The Wi-Fi Alliance initially complicated matters by stating that it actually stood for "Wireless Fidelity", as with the advertising slogan"The Standard for Wireless Fidelity", but later removed the phrase from their marketing.
  • 7. The Wi-Fi Technology
    • Wi-Fi Networks use Radio Technologies to transmit & receive data at high speed:
      • IEEE 802.11b
      • IEEE 802.11a
      • IEEE 802.11g
      • IEEE 802.11n
  • 8. IEEE 802.11b
    • Appear in late 1999
    • Operates at 2.4GHz radio spectrum
    • 11 Mbps (theoretical speed) - within 30 m Range
    • 4-6 Mbps (actual speed)
    • 100 -150 feet range
    • Most popular, Least Expensive
    • Interference from mobile phones and Bluetooth devices which can reduce the transmission speed.
  • 9. IEEE 802.11a
    • Introduced in 2001
    • Operates at 5 GHz (less popular)
    • 54 Mbps (theoretical speed)
    • 15-20 Mbps (Actual speed)
    • 50-75 feet range
    • More expensive
    • Not compatible with 802.11b
  • 10. IEEE 802.11g
    • Introduced in 2003
    • Combine the feature of both standards (a,b)
    • 100-150 feet range
    • 54 Mbps Speed
    • 2.4 GHz radio frequencies
    • Compatible with ‘b’
  • 11. Elements of a WI-FI Network
    • Access Point (AP) - The AP is a wireless LAN transceiver or “base station” that can connect one or many wireless devices simultaneously to the Internet.
    • Wi-Fi cards - They accept the wireless signal and relay information.They can be internal and external.(e.g PCMCIA Card for Laptop and PCI Card for Desktop PC)
    • Safeguards - Firewalls and anti-virus software protect networks from uninvited users and keep information secure.
  • 12. How a Wi-Fi Network Works
    • Basic concept is same as Walkie talkies.
    • A Wi-Fi hotspot is created by installing an access point to an internet connection.
    • An access point acts as a base station.
    • When Wi-Fi enabled device encounters a hotspot the device can then connect to that network wirelessly.
    • A single access point can support up to 30 users and can function within a range of 100 up to 300 feet.
    • Many access points can be connected to each other via Ethernet cables to create a single large network.
  • 13. Wi-Fi Network Topologies
    • AP-based topology (Infrastructure Mode)
    • Peer-to-peer topology (Ad-hoc Mode)
    • Point-to-multipoint bridge topology
  • 14. AP-based topology
    • The client communicate through Access Point.
    • BSA-RF coverage provided by an AP.
    • ESA-It consists of 2 or more BSA.
    • ESA cell includes 10-15% overlap to allow roaming.
  • 15. Peer-to-peer topology
    • AP is not required.
    • Client devices within a cell can communicate directly with each other.
    • It is useful for setting up of a wireless network quickly and easily.
  • 16. Point-to-multipoint bridge topology
    • This is used to connect a LAN in one building to a LANs in other buildings even if the buildings are miles apart. These conditions receive a clear line of sight between buildings. The line-of-sight range varies based on the type of wireless bridge and antenna used as well as the environmental conditions.
  • 17. Wi-Fi Configurations
    • Wi-Fi is composed of three main sectors:
    • Home (individual residences and apartment buildings)
    • Public (Round about 70,000 “hotspots” through out the world.)
    • Enterprise (corporations, universities, office parks)
  • 18. Wi-Fi Configurations
  • 19. Wi-Fi Configurations
  • 20. Wi-Fi Configurations
  • 21.  
  • 22. Employee Access
  • 23. Wi-Fi Applications
    • Home
    • Small Businesses or SOHO
    • Large Corporations & Campuses
    • Health Care
    • Wireless ISP (WISP)
    • Travellers
  • 24. Wi-Fi Security
    • The requirements for Wi-Fi network security can be broken down into two primary components:
    • Authentication
    • Privacy
  • 25. Wi-Fi Security Techniques
      • Service Set Identifier (SSID)
      • Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP)
      • 802.1X Access Control
      • Wireless Protected Access (WPA)
      • IEEE 802.11i
  • 26. Authentication
      • Authentication Server is used
      • Username and password
      • Risk:
        • Data (username & password) send before secure channel established
      • Solution
        • Establishing a encrypted channel before sending username and password
  • 27. Advantages
    • Mobility
    • Ease of Installation
    • Flexibility
    • Cost
    • Reliability
    • Security
    • Use unlicensed part of the radio spectrum
    • Roaming
    • Speed
  • 28. Limitations OR Disadvantages
    • Interference
    • Degradation in performance
    • High power consumption
    • Limited range
  • 29. THANK YOU