Rivers and lakes of the worldPresentation Transcript
Rivers and lakes of the world
Ganges (India)• The river Ganga originates from a place known as Gangotri, near Haridwar in North India. It passes through Varanasi, the holiest city for Hindus. It ends at Kolkata, West Bengal.
Hwang Ho/ Yellow River (China)• The Hwang Ho is known as the ‘ Yellow river’’ in Chinese language. It is called so because the soil along with which it flows is very fertile and yellow in colour. It is also known ‘ the river of sorrow , because it sometimes overflowed its banks and damaged the crops of the farmers. It also killed many land animals and destroyed many towns and villages.
Nile (Egypt)• The land to which the river Nile belongs to is known as the gift of the Nile because when the Nile overflows its banks it leaves behind a deposit of fertile soil which is essential for growing crops. The river Nile acts as a medium of transport for many boats and ships. The Nile is the longest river of the world. It is so long that it not only flows through Egypt, But four other countries neighboring Egypt and those are Sudan,Ethiopia,Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Krishna River (India)• The Krishna River is one of the longest rivers in central-southern India (about 1400 km in length. It rises at Mahabaleshvar in Maharashtra in the west and meets the Bay of Bengal at Hamasaledeevi in Andhra Pradesh, on the East Coast.
Indus (India)• The Indus River is a major river which flows through Pakistan. Originating in the Tibetan plateau in the vicinity of Lake Mansarovar in Tibet Autonomous Region, the river runs a course through the Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir and then enters Northern Areas (Gilgit- Baltistan), flowing through the North in a southerly direction along the entire length of the country, to merge into the Arabian Sea near port city of Karachi in Sindh.
Yamuna (India)• The Yamuna sometimes called Jamuna or Jumna) is the largest tributary river of the Ganges (Ganga) in northern India. Originating from the Yamunotri Glacier at a height 6,387 mtrs., on the south western slopes of Banderpooch peaks, in the Lower Himalayas, it travels a total length of 1,376 kilometers (855 mi) and has a drainage system of 366,223 km2, 40.2% of the entire Ganga Basin, before merging with the Ganges at Triveni Sangam, Allahabad, the site for the Kumbha Mela every twelve years.
Brahmaputra (India)• The Brahmaputra, also called Tsangpo-Brahmaputra, is a trans-boundary river and one of the major rivers of Asia.• From its origin in southwestern Tibet as the Yarlung Tsangpo River, it flows across southern Tibet to break through the Himalayas in great gorges and into Arunachal Pradesh where it is known as Dihang. It flows southwest through the Assam Valley as Brahmaputra and south through Bangladesh as the Jamuna (not to be mistaken with Yamuna of India).
Yangtze (China)• The Yangtze River, or Chang Jiang literally "The Long River"), Tibetan: Bri-chu, is the 6,300 kilometers (3,915 mi) and flows from its source in Qinghai Province, eastwards into the East China Sea at Shanghai. longest river in China and Asia, and the third- longest in the world.
Zambezi (Zambia)• The Zambezi is the fourth-longest river in Africa, and the largest flowing into the Indian Ocean from Africa. The area of it’s basin is 1,390,000 square kms (540,000 sq mi), slightly less than half that of the Nile.
Colorado River (America+Mexico)• The Colorado River is a river in the Southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 2,330 km (1,450 mi) long, draining a part of the arid regions on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains.
Amazon (Brazil+Ecuador+Bolivia)• The Amazon River of South America is the largest river in the world with a total river flow greater than the next ten largest rivers combined. The Amazon, which has the largest drainage basin in the world, accounts for approximately one-fifth of the worlds total river flow.
Crocodile River (West) (South Africa)• Crocodile River (West), has its source in the Witwatersrand mountain range, and runs through the northern suburbs of Johannesburg. There are two large dams in this river, namely Hartbeespoort Dam and . It runs through Gauteng, North West and into Limpopo, before joining the . Its tributaries include , Hennops River, Jukskei River, and .
Mississippi River (America)• The Mississippi River is the largest river system in the United States and the largest of North America. About 2,320 miles (3,730 km) long, the river originates at Lake Itasca, Minnesota and flows slowly southwards in sweeping meanders, terminating 95 river miles below New Orleans, Louisiana where it begins to flow to the Gulf of Mexico.
Buffalo River (South Africa)• The Buffalo River or Cwenqgcwe is situated in the city of East London on the East Coast of South Africa. It is to the west of the Nahoon River. It is the only navigable river in South Africa. The town of East London was thus established around it.• The Buffalo River has its source in the seeps and sponges of the Amatola Mountains at an altitude of 1200 m.
Great Fish River (South Africa)• The Great Fish River is a river running 644 kilometres (400 mi) through the South African province of the Eastern Cape, it originates east of Graaff-Reinet and runs through Cradock, just south of this the Tarka River joins it.
Limpopo River(SA+Botswana+Zimbabwe+Mozam -bique)• The Limpopo River rises in central southern Africa, and flows generally eastwards to the Indian Ocean. It is around 1,750 kilometres (1,087 mi) long, with a drainage basin 415,000 square kilometres (160,200 sq mi) in size.
Crater Lake (America)• Crater Lake is a caldera lake located in the south-central region of the U.S. state of Oregon. It is the main feature of Crater Lake National Park and famous for it’s deep blue color and water clarity.
Lake Manyara (Tanzania)• Lake Manyara is a shallow freshwater lake in Tanzania. Said by Ernest Hemingway to be the ‘’loveliest [lake] … in Africa ,’’ it is also the home of a diverse set of landscapes and wildlife.
Caspian Sea (Russia)• The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world’s largest lake or a full-fledged sea. The sea has a surface area of 371,000 square kms ( 143,244 sq mi) and a volume of 78,200 cubic kms (18,761 cu mi).
Aral Sea (Afghanistan+Uzbekistan)• The Aral Sea is a saline endorheic basin in Central Asia; it lies between Kazakhstan (Aktobe and Kyzylorda provinces) in the north and Karakalpakstan, an autonomous region of Uzbekistan, in the south. The name roughly translates as "Sea of Islands", referring to more than 1,500 islands that once dotted its waters.
Lake Superior (America)• Lake Superior is the largest of the five great lakes of North America. It is bounded to the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S state of Minnesota, and to the south by the U.S. states of Wisconsin and Michigan.
Lake Victoria (Tanzania+Kenya+Uganda)• Lake Victoria or Victoria Nyanza (also known as Ukerewe, Nalubaale, Sango or Lolwe) is one of the African Great Lakes. The lake was named after the United Kingdom’s Queen Victoria, by John Hanning Speke, the first European to see the lake.
Lake Huron (America+Canada)• Lake Huron is also one of the five Great Lakes of North America. It is bounded on the east by Ontario, Canada and on the west by Michigan, USA. The name of the lake is derived from early French explorers who named it based on the Huron people inhabiting the region.
Lake Michigan (America)• Lake Michigan is also one of the five Great Lakes of North America, and the only one located entirely within the United States. The second largest of the great lakes by volume and the third largest of the Great Lakes by surface area (behind Lake Superior and Lake Huron), it is bounded, from west to east, by the U.S states of Wisconsin, Illionis, Indiana, and Michigan.
Lake Malawi (Malawi+Mozambique+Tanzania)• Lake Malawi is an African Great Lake and the southmost lake in the Great Rift Valley system of Africa. This lake, the third largest in Africa and the eighth largest lake in the world, is located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania.
Lake Baikal (Russia+Mongolia)• Lake Baikal is the world’s second most voluminous lake, after the Caspian Sea. It is the most voluminous freshwater lake in the world with an average depth of 744.4 m (2,442 ft) and contains a total of roughly 20% of the world’s surface freshwater.
Great Bear Lake (Canada)• Great Bear Lake is the largest lake entirely within Canada (Lake Superior and Lake Huron straddling the Canada-US border are larger), the third largest in North America, and the seventh largest in the world.
Lake Tanganyika(Burundi+DRC+Tanzania+Zambia)• Lake Tanganyika is an African Great Lake (3° 20 to 8° 48 South and from 29° 5 to 31° 15 East). It is estimated to be the second or third largest freshwater lake in the world by volume, and the second deepest, after Lake Baikal in Siberia.
Great Slave Lake (Canada)• Great Slave Lake is the second-largest lake in the Northwest Territories of Canada (behind Great Bear Lake), the deepest lake in North America at 614 m (2,014 ft), and the ninth-largest lake in the world.
Great Salt Lake (America)• Great Salt Lake, located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Utah, is the largest salt lake in the western hemisphere, the fourth-largest terminal lake in the world, and the 37th-largest lake on Earth.
Lake Erie (America+Canada)• Lake Erie is the fourth largest lake (by surface area) of the five Great Lakes in North America, and the thirteenth largest globally. It is the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume of the Great Lakes and therefore also has the shortest average water residence time.
Lake Ontario (Canada+America)• Lake Ontario is also one of the five Great Lakes of North America. The lake is bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by the U.S. state of New York.
Chilika Lake (India)• Chilka Lake is a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puris a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puris a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Orissa state on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal.
Lake Volta (Ghana)• Lake Volta is the largest reservoir by surface area in the world, and the fourth largest one by water volume. It is located completely within the country of Ghana, and it has a surface area of about 8,502 Lake Volta lies along the Greenwich Meridian, and just six degrees of latitude north of the Equator. m² (3,275 square miles).
Lake Biwa (Japan)• Lake Biwa formerly known as Ōmi (淡 海?) Lake, is the largest freshwater lake in Japan, located in Shiga Prefecture (west-central Honshū), northeast of the former capital city of Kyoto.
Lake Balaton (Hungary)• Lake Balaton, in the Transdanubian region of Hungary, is the largest lake in Central Europe, and one of its foremost tourist destinations. As Hungary is landlocked, it is often affectionately called the "Hungarian Sea".
Lake Titicaca (Bolivia+Peru)• Lake Titicaca is a lake located on the border of Peru and Bolivia. It sits 3,812 m (12,500 ft) above sea level, making it one of the highest commercially navigable lakes in the world. By volume of water, it is also the largest lake in South America.
Lake Turkana (Ethiopia+Kenya)• Lake Turkana formerly known as Lake Rudolf, is a lake in the Great Rift Valley in Kenya, with its far northern end crossing into Ethiopia. It is the worlds largest permanent desert lake and the worlds largest alkaline lake. By volume it is the worlds fourth largest salt lake after the Caspian Sea, Lake Issyk-Kul and the (shrinking) Aral Sea, and among all lakes it ranks twentieth.
Bolmen (Sweden)• Bolmen is a lake in Småland, Sweden. Covering 184 km², and with a maximum depth of 37 m, it supplies a considerable part of Skåne with fresh water by means of an 82-km long tunnel, the Bolmen Water Tunnel, built during the 1970s and 80s. Bolmen is situated at the heart of Finnveden, one of the small lands of todays Småland. It is the tenth largest lake in Sweden.
Brown Lake (Australia)• Brown Lake is a lake on North Stradbroke Island, in Queensland, Australia. Known as a like other lakes on the sandy islands in the region of South-East Queensland it retains its water due to a layer of leaves lining the lake floor. This is particularly apparent in the Brown Lake as tannin is exuded from the leaves, dropped from surrounding Paperbark Melaleuca and Ti- trees Leptospermum, stains the water to a rich brown colour not dissimilar to that of tea.
Lake Taupo (New Zealand)• Lake Taupo is a lake situated in the North Island of New Zealand. With a surface area of 616 square kilometres (238 sq mi), it is the largest lake by surface area in New Zealand, and the largest freshwater lake by surface area in Oceania.
Dian Lake (China)• Dian Lake is a large inter-land lake located on the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau close to Kunming, Yunnan, China. Its nickname is "Sparkling Pearl Embedded in a Highland," and it was the model for the Kunming Lake in the Summer Palace in Beijing.
Lake Manasarovar (India+China)• Lake Manasarovar is a fresh-water lake in Tibet Autonomous Region of China 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) from Lhasa. To the west of Lake Manasa Sarovar is Lake Rakshastal and towards the north is Kangrinboqê Peak. It is the highest body of freshwater in the world.
Lake Balkhash (Kazakhstan+China)• Lake Balkhash is a lake in southeastern Kazakhstan, presently the largest in Central Asia (after the drying of most of the Aral Sea). It is a closed basin that is part of the endorheic basin that includes the Caspian and Aral seas.
Lake Nisramont (Belgium)• Lake Nisramont is located in east of Belgium on the river Ourthe not far from the municipality of La Roche-en-Ardenne. The dam has a length of 116 m and is 16 m high. The volume of water is 3,000,000 m³ and the area of the lake is 0.47 km². The dam has Fish ladders and a hydro- electric power station.
Lake Tana (Ethiopia)• Lake Tana ,"Lake Tana," an older variant is Tsana, sometimes called "Dembiya" after the region to the north of the lake) is the source of the Blue Nile and is the largest lake in Ethiopia. Located in the north-western Ethiopian highlands, according to the Statistical Abstract of Ethiopia for 1967/68, the lake is approximately 84 kilometers long and 66 kilometers wide, with a maximum depth of 15 meters, and an elevation of 1,840 meters.
Lake Brienz (Switzerland)• Lake Brienz is a lake just north of the Alps, in the Canton of Berne in Switzerland. The lake took its name from the village Brienz on its northern shore. Interlaken and the villages Matten and Unterseen lie to the south west of the lake. The shores are steep, and there is almost no shallow water in the entire lake.
Lake Singkarak (Indonesia)• Lake Singkarak is a lake in West Sumatra, Indonesia. It is located between the cities of Padang Panjang and Solok. It has an area of 107.8 km², being approximately 21 km long and 7 km wide.
Sterkfontein (South Africa)• Sterkfontein is a set of limestone caves of special interest to pale is a set of limestone caves of special interest to paleo-anthropologists located in Gauteng province, Northwest of Johannesburg, South Africa near the town of Krugersdorp.
Chini Lake (Malaysia)• Tasik Chini is a lake near the Pahang River in central Pahang, Malaysia. The lakeshores are inhabited by the Jakun branch of the Orang Asli. The 12,565 acres (5,026 hectares) Tasik Chini is the second largest fresh water lake in Malaysia and is made up of a series of 12 lakes.
Lake Maracaibo (Columbia+Venezuala)• Lake Maracaibo is a large brackish lake in Venezuela at 10°39′N 71°36′W10.65°N 71.6°W. It is connected to the Gulf of Venezuela by Tablazo Strait (55km) at the northern end, and fed by numerous rivers, the largest being the Catatumbo.
Lake Magadi (Kenya)• Lake Magadi is the southernmost lake in the Kenya Rift Valley, lying in a catchment of faulted volcanic rocks, north east of Lake Eyasi. During the dry season, it is 80% covered by soda and is well known for its wading birds, including flamingos.
Powai Lake (India)• Powai Lake is an artificial lake, situated in the northern suburb of Mumbai, in the Powai valley, where a Powai village with cluster of huts existed. The city suburb called Powai, shares its name with the lake.
Lake Mweru (Zambia+DRC)• Lake Mweru is a freshwater lake on the longest arm of Africas second-longest river, the Congo. Located on the border between Zambia and Democratic Republic of the Congo, it makes up 110 km of the total length of the Congo, lying between its Luapula River (upstream) and Luvua River (downstream) segments.
• THANX• Thanx for the presentation. River is still flowing.