INTRODUCTION The word „administer‟ is derived from Latin word „ ad + ministraire‟ means to care for or to look after the people to manage affairs.
DEFINITION According to Dfiftner and Drethas: “ Administration is the direction, co-ordination and control of many people to achieve some purpose or objectives.” According to Herbert A Simon “ Administration is the activities of the group‟s co cooperating to accomplish common goals”.
MEANING AND DEFINITION Health administration is a branch of public administration which deals with matters relating to the promotion of health, preventive services, medical care, rehabilitation, the delivery of health services, the development of health manpower, medical education and training.
MEANING AND DEFINITION Public health administration is the science and art of organizing and coordinating government agencies whose purpose is to improve the physical, mental and social wellbeing of people. It aims at the prevention of disease, preservation and promotion of health.
OBJECTIVES OF HEALTH ADMINISTRATION To increase the average length of human life. To decrease the mortality and morbidity rates. To increase the physical, mental and social well being of the individual. To provide total health care to enrich quality of life. To increase the pace of adjustment of the individual to his environment. To make provision of primary health care services to everyone. To develop healthy manpower to provide proper services to the community.
PRINCIPLES OF HEALTH ADMINISTRATION Centralized director and decentralized activity. There should be sound national health policy. Sound and systematic planning of health programme is necessary for the benefit of the whole community. There should be integration of preventive and curative services at all administrative levels. There should not be considered in isolation from other socio-economic factors.
There should be centralized direction and decentralized actions. Health opportunities need not to be related to purchasing power of the people. Planned health programmes should be based on priority and must meet health need of the people. Ensure basic health services available, accessible and acceptable to the people as close to their home as possible. Health consciousness should be fostered through health education and by prevailing opportunities for participation of people in the health programmes.
Doctors should be trained to act as social physician as well as to promote healthy and happier life. Nursing personnel and other allied health personnel should be given community oriented education in their curriculum. New categories of health personnel should be given suitable training to provide proper services to people at their level. Medical education can be reoriented and medical services reorganized with the involvement and cooperation of political and social scientists.
All the systems of medicine must be encouraged to provide decent health to people in the coordinated fashion. Utilize community resources and encourage local participation to self help programs at the village level. There should be provision for staff development programs.
DEFINITION According to WHO “Health planning process has been defined as the orderly process of defining community health problems, identifying unmet needs and surveying the resources to meet these needs, establishing priority goals that are realistic and feasible and projecting administrative actions to accomplish the purpose of the proposed program.”
IMPORTANCE OF PLANNING Anticipate product Reduce uncertainty Management by objectives Economy in operations Controlling/checking
PLANNING PRINCIPLES Who should do the job? – determine what skills are needed to do the job successfully. What is to be done? – get a clear understanding of what your unit is expected to do in relaxation to the work assigned. When is it be done? – studying the flow of work and the availability of the equipments and material for doing the job. Why it is necessary? – when breaking the job into separate units think of the objectives of each job. How it is to be done? – in relation to each job look for better ways of doing it in terms of the utilization of money, man, material and
THE CYCLE OF PLANNING PROCESS Exploration of health condition General information Setting Political commitment goal/objectives Health legislation Administrative setup Infrastructure Monitoring Identification of evaluation alternatives Execution of Plan for nation plan
1. Generation of informations2. Analysis and understanding of health problems; health needs and resources3. Setting up of goals and objectives4. Identification of alternative course of actions, their analysis and selection.5. Formulation of plan6. Execution of the plan7. Monitoring and evaluation
In march 1950, the government of India had set up a planning commission For purpose of planning, the health sector has been divided into the following sub- sectors: Water supply and sanitation. Control of communicable diseases Medical education, training and research. Medical care including hospitals Dispensaries and primary health centers Public health services. family planning
OBJECTIVE OF THE PLANNING COMMISSION To promote a rapid raise in the standard of living of the people by efficient exploitation of the resources of the country. Increasing production and offering opportunities to all for employment in the service of the community.
MEMBERS IN THE PLANNING COMMISSION Chairman Deputy chairman Members
FUNCTIONS OF THE PLANNING COMMISSION Make an assessment of the material Formulate a plan determination of priorities Indicate the factors Determine the nature of the machinery Appraise time to time the progress ancillary recommendations
THE VARIOUS FIVER YEAR PLANS1. First Plan (1951-56)2. Second Plan (1956-61)3. Third Plan (1961-66)4. Fourth Plan (1969-74)5. Fifth Plan (1974-79)6. Sixth Plan (1980-85)7. Seventh Plan (1985-89)8. Eighth Plan (1992-97)9. Ninth Plan (1997-2002)10. Tenth Plan (2002-2007)11. Eleventh Plan (2007-2012)
TENTH PLAN (2002-2007)Main Objectives Reduction of poverty ratio by 5% points by 2007 Providing gainful and high-quality employment at least to the addition to the labour force. All children I India is school by 2003; all children to complete 5 years of schooling by 2007 Reduction in the decadal rate of population growth between 2001 and 2011 to 16.2% Increase in literacy rates to 75 percent within the tenth plan period
Reduction of infant mortality rate to 2 per 1000 live births by w007 and to 1 by 2012 Increase in forest and tree cover to 25 per cent b 2007 and 33 per cent by 2012 All villages to have sustained access to potable drinking water within the plan period Cleaning of all major polluted rivers by 2007 and other modified stretches by 2010 Economic growth further accelerated during this period and crosses over 8% by 2006
ELEVENTH PLAN (2007-2012)Objectives Income and poverty Education Health Women and children Infrastructure. Environment