Future of the World WIde Web (India)


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The death of the Web has been prematurely reported -- the best is yet to come! In this talk, from the Kshitij at IIT Kharagpur 2012, I talk about what Web 3.0 will feature, and some thoughts on key technology trends on the Web.

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  • Oh, you know what Facebook will do in September 2012, eh? Btw, I often get the feeling that various Semantic Web/Linked Data etc. protagonists somehow doom the upper parts of the Semantic Web technology stack (whatever ;) ). However, they are also very important. Of course, could/should start with the easier parts, but propagate the impression the other parts are overly complex or not useful. I guess, appliers will notice when they will need those bits too ;)
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  • The Web has gone from an application to a development platform – new webapps, like twitter, live on top of the Web architecture, putting new and exciting engineering challenges on the underlying technologies.
  • One new thing happening in Science, emphasized by a project such as Galaxy zoo, is using many many non-scientiststs help scientists solve hard and important projects – there is a huge opportunity for new technologies that can help us manage the scientific, engineering and even social problems facing our world. It is a huge area for new tools and technologies to be deployed.
  • And for 4.0 - one big change is the move to mobile computing – there are now many billions of more cellular phones than laptops in the world, and these machines are becoming more and more capable – we need to combine communications and information technology to create the mobile Web
  • The slogan of Rensselaer is “Why not change the world” – with a combination of Web, Data and Communications technology, that is just what we are doing!
  • Future of the World WIde Web (India)

    1. The future of the World Wide Web Jim Hendler Professor of Computer and Cognitive Science Assistant Dean of Information Technology and Web Science Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) http://www.cs.rpi.edu/~hendler @jahendler (twitter)
    2. The innovators The inventors
    3. They have made the Web what it is today
    4. And on and on and on… In the News Today! Reports FB could go IPO as early as Wednesday! (valuation: ₹ 5 lakh crore) <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6IQ_FOCE6I </li></ul>
    5. In fact, we have made it to“Web 2.0” <ul><li>It is estimated that ~31% of the world ’s population uses the World Wide Web </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With most of China and India still to come (>2B non-users) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And this number is growing as cell phones and mobile Web technologies become increasingly usable as primary browser platforms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With social networking sites, esp. Facebook and the Chinese sites, becoming the primary Web destinations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing taking over from searching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>just ask Vic Gundotra (IIT Madras), Google’s VP of Social </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. But we’re moving on…
    7. What will Web 3.0 be? <ul><li>Big data, Linked-data, Cloud- and mobile- computing are changing the world </li></ul><ul><li>We Don’t know how these trends will play out </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web: Google, Amazon, Travelocity… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web 2.0: Facebook, Wikipedia, YouTube, Twitter… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web 3.0: ?? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Let me make a few predictions </li></ul>
    8. An exciting time of change <ul><li>Web 2.0 is becoming Web 3.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But nobody is sure what that will be </li></ul></ul><ul><li>My conjecture Web 1.0 + Web 2.0 = Web 3.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Web will become the basis of the New Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Changing Search </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Changing E-commerce </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Changing E-Science, E-government, E-everything else </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Media => Social Machines! </li></ul>
    9. Trend 1: Social Media => Social Machines Computers can help if we use them to create abstract social machines on the Web: processes in which the people do the creative work and the machine does the administration … Berners-Lee, Weaving the Web , 1999
    10. Social Machine: Games Turning your fun into their money!
    11. Social Machine: Science
    12. Millions of galaxies classified
    13. The whole “ Zooniverse ”
    14. Social machine research
    15. Web 3.0 and Social Machines <ul><li>See Trend 1 </li></ul>Social Data Goes Here
    16. Government Data Sharing: Year 2
    17. Government Data Sharing: Year 3 2012 so far: http://www.gouv.fr Released 300,000 French databases US/India to release Open Government Platform Kenya announces “Open Africa” project
    18. <ul><li>Communities consuming Open Government Data </li></ul>
    19. Social Machine: Government
    20. Social Machine: Improving Government
    21. Trend 2: Mobile goes Social Mobile Web
    22. Mobile + Social <ul><li>The device formerly known as a cell phone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knows me </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>where I am now </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>where I was yesterday (and a bunch of days before) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>where I'll be tomorrow (and into my planned future) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What my environment is like </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Am I moving or still; quiet or noisy; </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>who and what I like </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>whose opinions I trust </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>how I like to see things </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>what other dfkcp's are around (and who they belong to) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knows what is out there and how to get it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>That whole data cloud thing, remember Web 3.0 back in the 2010s </li></ul></ul></ul>
    23. Trend 3: Speech is finally (almost) here Tetherless World
    24. Two Way Machine Translation By 2020 you will be able to talk to me in Hindi और मैं अंग्रेजी में जवाब देंगे using just our machines formerly known as cell phones
    25. Trend 4: Bigger and Bigger data
    26. Exponential Data growth <ul><li>In 2012 we will ge nerate more data than in the whole previou s history of humankind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2013 we will do that again </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2014 we will do that again </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul>
    27. Trend 5: Semantic, Linked Data is coming
    28. Crazy (sort of) Prediction <ul><li>Something unlikely will make things exciting all over again </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Machines that function like the brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Machines that interface to the brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantum computers that can change the basis of parallel computing </li></ul></ul>
    29. Prediction 7: (A safe bet) IIT Kharagpur IIT, Roorkee IIT, Madras BHU Some 2000 – 2010 Famous Webbies
    30. Future Famous Webbies?
    31. You are the future of the Web! <ul><li>Right Place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India is becoming a major Web power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Right Age </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You are a digital native </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Right Fields </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineer/Computer Scientist/Engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BUT EVEN MORE IMPORTANTLY… </li></ul>
    32. WE are the Web! <ul><li>Right Species: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The network of people is the future of the World Wide Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And that future has started already </li></ul></ul>
    33. Questions?