Batayanngsinaunangkabihasnan 100711212400-phpapp02

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  • 1. ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS The Fertile Crescent
  • 2. 4 early River Valley Civilizations
    • Kabihasnan ng Sumerian : Tigris at Euphrates
    • Kabihasnang Ehipsiyo (Egyptian): Nile River
    • Kabihasnan ng Harappa: Indus at Ganges River
    • Kabihasnang Tsino: Huang Ho River (Yellow River)
  • 3. Mga Batayan ng Sinaunang Kabihasnan
    • Bakit maihahalintulad ang pag-aaral ng kasaysayan ng daigdig at ng sinaunang kabihasnan sa pag-aaral ng buhay ng tao?
  • 4. Batayan ng Sinaunang Kultura
  • 5. A. Harvesting grain; B. Musicians play for the workers in the fields; C. Women winnowing the grain; D. Scribes tally the farmer’s taxes; E. The farmer’s son tending the livestock / cattle.
  • 6. Batayan ng Sinaunang Pamahalaan Kanan: nakatayo ang hubad na "priest-king," ca. 3300–3000 B.C.; Uruk. Kaliwa: ipinakikita ang pari bilang hari Dinastiya: pamamahala na minamana mula sa pamilya
  • 7. Hammurabi- ang hari ng mga babylonians
  • 8. Batayan ng Sinaunang Ekonomiya
  • 9. Batayan ng Sinaunang Paniniwala at Relihiyon The Funerary Scene This scene depicts what occurs after a person has died, according to the ancient Egyptians. The Egyptians had an elaborate and complex belief in the afterlife.
  • 10. Katangiang Pisikal ng mga Unang Kabihasnan
    • Saan nagsimula ang pangalang Fertile Crescent?
    • Dahil sa hugis at matabang lupain tinawag itong Fertile Crescent.
  • 11. Fertile Crescent
    • Nagsumula ito s Isthmus ng Suez, tuloy-tuloy pahilaga at bumabaybay sa dulong silangan ng Dagat Mediterannean habang bumubuo ito ng hugis arko patungo sa Asia Minor at Armenia. Patuloy hanggang sa mga Ilog ng Tigris at Euphrates hanggang Golpo ng Persia.
    • Ito ang matabang rehiyon na hugis kalahating buwan.
  • 12. Pangkat ng mga tao sa Fertile Crescent
    • Sumerian
    • Babylonian
    • Hittites
    • Hebreo
    • Phoenician
    • Assyrian
    • chaldean
  • 13. Mesopotamia
  • 14.  
  • 15. Mesopotamia: Lupain sa pagitan ng dalawang ilog
    • Ang Tigris at Euphrates
    • Nagmula sa mga Griyego ang pangalang Mesopotamia
    • Bawat mananakop ay may ibinigay na pangalan sa lupain. Halimbawa:
    • Sumerian- tinawag na Kengtir
    • Akkadian- tinawag ng Akkad
    • Babylonian- tinawag na Babylonia
  • 16. Sa kasalukuyan ang ibabang bahagi ng dating Mesopotamia ay kilala sa pangalang IRAQ, Iraq-Baghdad
  • 17.
    • Mataba ang lupa sa Mesopotamia. Naghatid ng maraming biyaya at kayamanan sa kanila ang mga tabing-ilog.
    • Sari-saring pagkain ang naaani ng mga tao rito.
    • Gumamit ng mga bricks para sa mga tahanan at gusali.
  • 18. Tigris at Euphrates
  • 19. Kambal na Ilog
    • Nagsisimulang dumaloy ang mga ilog na ito mula sa mga kabundukan ng Armenia.
    • Ang Ilog Tigris na nasa silangang bahagi ay umaagos nang 1,771 km patungong Golpo ng Persia
    • Ang Ilog Euphrates na nasa Kanlurang bahagi ay bumabagtas ng 2,737 km
    • Ang mga ilog ay umaapaw minsan sa isang taon na nag-iiwan ng Silt o Banlik o matabang lupa
  • 20.  
  • 21. Salamat sa Pakikinig
  • 22. Vocabulary Mesopotamia: The Development of Written Language
    • city-state
    • Definition : A self-governing state consisting of a city and surrounding territory
    • Context : Nippur was the most important city-state in Sumer.
    • cuneiform
    • Definition : The system of writing used by the ancient Sumerians
    • Context: Cuneiform writing looks more like symbols than pictures.
    • demon
    • Definition : An evil spirit
    • Context: According to Sumerian legend, Gilgamesh killed the demon Huwawa with the help of the sun god.
  • 23. Vocabulary Mesopotamia: The Development of Written Language
    • epic
    • Definition: A long poem telling the deeds of a hero and often centering on the ideals of a nation or culture
    • Context: The Epic of Gilgamesh teaches us to enjoy the time we have on Earth.
    • immortality
    • Definition: The quality or state of having an endless life
    • Context : Gilgamesh was unable to achieve immortality, but he was able to leave behind a legacy through the work he had done during his lifetime.
    • Mesopotamia
    • Definition: An ancient land located where we find the modern country of Iraq
    • Context: Mesopotamia means, “land between the rivers” and got its name because it was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
    • Nippur
    • Definition: A major city-state in the ancient Sumerian region of Mesopotamia
    • Context: Nippur was a busy trading center in Sumer and its most important religious city.
  • 24. Vocabulary Mesopotamia: The Development of Written Language
    • scribe
    • Definition: A person paid to write, especially in ancient times
    • Context: Mesopotamian scribes worked closely with the priests and kings.
    • stylus
    • Definition: A hard, pointed writing tool cut from a reed
    • Context: Sumerian scribe wrote with styluses they made from reeds.
    • Sumerians
    • Definition: Residents of Sumer, a region of the ancient land of Mesopotamia
    • Context: The Sumerians developed many inventions, such as the wheel and the plow.
    • tablet
    • Definition: A flat slab – often of clay or stone – suitable for an inscription
    • Context: The Sumerians etched symbols into wet clay tablets to create a permanent document of their activities.
  • 25. Vocabulary Mesopotamia: From Nomads to Farmers
    • .
    ancestors Definition: People in one’s family, from whom one is descended Context: Your ancestors include your grandparents, great grandparents, and great-great grandparents. cuneiform Definition: The system of writing used by the ancient Sumerians Context: Cuneiform writing consists of characters with wedge-shaped parts. domestication Definition: The taming of wild animals to use for farming or to be kept as pets Context: The domestication of sheep and goats helped the Mesopotamians become farmers. Euphrates River Definition: One of the rivers that borders what was the land of Mesopotamia. Context: The Euphrates River bordered Mesopotamia to the west.
  • 26. Vocabulary Mesopotamia: From Nomads to Farmers
    • .
    journal Definition: A record of personal experiences and thoughts kept on a regular basis Context: Writing a journal can help you understand yourself. levee Definition: Earthen dams constructed to hold back floodwaters Context: A levee system helped the Mesopotamians farm their most fertile land. Mesopotamia Definition: An ancient land located where we find the modern country of Iraq Context: Mesopotamia means, “land between the rivers” and got its name because it was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
  • 27. Vocabulary Mesopotamia: From Nomads to Farmers
    • .
    Nippur Definition: A major city-state in the ancient Sumerian region of Mesopotamia Context: Nippur was a busy trading center in Sumer and its most important religious city. scribe Definition: A person paid to write, especially in ancient times Context: The job of a scribe was considered important in Sumer. stylus Definition: A hard, pointed writing tool cut from a reed Context: Sumerians pressed the point of a stylus into wet clay in order to write.
  • 28. Vocabulary Mesopotamia: From Nomads to Farmers
    • .
    Sumerians Definition: Residents of Sumer, a region of the ancient land of Mesopotamia Context: Sumerians developed a culture whose members farmed and traded instead of hunting and gathering to make a living. Tigris River Definition: One of the rivers that borders what was the land of Mesopotamia Context: The Tigris River bordered Mesopotamia to the east.
  • 29. Babylonia v. Assyria Venn Diagram Mesopotamia Empires
    • Babylonia Assyria
  • 30. Babylonia v. Assyria Venn
    • Babylonia Assyria
  • 31. Babylonia v. Assyria Venn
    • Babylonia Assyria
    • Wanted to get
    • rich
    • 2. Warriors
    • Learning was
    • important
    • 4. Grand cities
  • 32. Babylonia v. Assyria Venn
    • Babylonia Assyria
    • Wanted to get
    • rich
    • 2. Warriors
    • Learning was
    • important
    • 4. Grand cities
    • Roads
    • Caravans
    • Markets
    • Hammurabi
    • Rich from Trade
    • Geometry
  • 33. Babylonia v. Assyria Venn
    • Babylonia Assyria
    • Wanted to get
    • rich
    • 2. Warriors
    • Learning was
    • important
    • 4. Grand cities
    • Roads
    • Caravans
    • Markets
    • Hammurabi
    • Rich from Trade
    • Geometry
    • Skilled Warriors
    • Battering ram
    • Ninevah
    • Chariots
    • Expert archers
    • Libraries
  • 34. Law 1
    • In your own words: If you kidnap someone then you will be put to death.
  • 35. Law 1
    • In your own words: If you kidnap someone then you will be put to death.
    • How is the law similar: You will still be punished if you kidnap someone
  • 36. Law 1
    • In your own words: If you kidnap someone then you will be put to death.
    • How is the law similar: You will still be punished if you kidnap someone
    • How is the law different: Today you will not be put to death for kidnapping someone
  • 37. Chapter 2 Review (3 days) The Fertile Crescent
    • Geography Standard 1-4
    • History Standard 4
    • Warm Up: Get out your book, study guide, and your notes for this chapter! 
    • Agenda:
    • Warm Up
    • Study Guide
    • Chapter 1 Objectives:
    • Students will:
    • Found out how geography made the rise of civilization in the Fertile Crescent possible.
    • Learn about Sumer‘s first cities.
    • Learn about the two most important empires in Mesopotamia.
    • Essential Question:
    • What were the beginnings of human society?
    • How has geography shaped the patterns of history?
    Mrs. Miller’s Class RULES!!!