FOOD IN PUNJAB, NORTH INDIA
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FOOD IN PUNJAB, NORTH INDIA

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SLCO100 Learning and Communicating Online ...

SLCO100 Learning and Communicating Online
Assessment 2A: Producing an online informational resource

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  • 1. SLCO100 Learning and Communicating Online Assessment 2A: Producing an online informational resource . NOTE: this slide show is a University project and is not to be referenced or used for any other purpose. All copyrights are reserved.
  • 2. Food in north India   Food is one of the most important part of life and every culture has has different types of food that they use to serve the society. For example the subcontinent of India is diverse and has different types of food recipes
  • 3. Food in north India According to Satija, Taylor, Khurana & Ebrahim (2012) Punjab is a state that lies in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent and its population is around 30 million. It is one of the most prosperous states in India and is often called as the food bowl of the nation. Food in Punjab is always rich and special. There are different types of food recipes for different occasions. However, the food served in Punjab state of India can be roughly divided into three parts,
  • 4. Food in north India Main serving Desserts Beverages Main serving: According to Jackson (2011) the main serving or the main diet in Punjab is mostly wheat and rice. Wheat is grown abundantly in Punjab and so is rice and they both form the main servings. However, there is a need to mention that the main serving in the Punjab state changes with the season (Jackson, 2011).
  • 5. Food in north India For example, according to Holliday (2013) in the winters, the main serving in Punjab ranges from maize flour chapatti or bread to fresh vegetables. On the other hand in summers, wheat flour chapatti is the main serving, accompanied by lentils and curd (Holliday, 2013).
  • 6. Food in north India Furthermore, according to Oliffe, Grewal, Bottorff & Hislop (2010) different seasons and festivals have special food servings. For example, during the baisakhi festival in Punjab the main serving will be different and is mostly made up go jaggery and curd. Moreover, there can be additional serving made up of milk and rice. Indeed there are special ways to celebrate the festival of baisakhi in Punjab (Oliffe, Grewal, Bottorff & Hislop, 2010).
  • 7. Food in north India According to Hafeez, Khan, Ashfaq & Khan (2011) this trend extends to almost all festivals in Punjab and each festival will have something special to it. The main diet and servings will still remain either wheat flour dishes or rice dishes, but they vary considerably according to the season. However, there is always something special in the diet of Punjab (Hafeez, Khan, Ashfaq & Khan, 2011).
  • 8. Food in north India Furthermore, according to Bansal, Satija, Khandpur & Ebrahim (2010) the main diet is not just limited to vegetables; Punjab state of India is having abundant meat lovers too. The most common meat eaten in Punjab is chicken followed by goat meat. Other meats like fish are available but they are not very popular. Chicken happens or be the most favourite of the Punjab state and there is no dearth of chicken dishes available in Punjab (Bansal, Satija, Khandpur & Ebrahim, 2010). Therefore, as far as main dishes are concerned there is no dearth of the types of dishes served in Punjab
  • 9. Food in north India 2. The desserts According to Satija, Taylor, Khurana & Ebrahim (2012) desserts are an integral part of the diet in Punjab and just like the food, desserts are also different for different occasions. However, in routine the most common dessert that is part of the diet and serving in Punjab is either the dessert made out of milk and ice or the dessert made out of semolina and milk. These two are the most common desserts in the state (Satija, Taylor, Khurana & Ebrahim, 2012).
  • 10. Food in north India According to Jackson (2011) apart from these two there are many order desserts made up of milk and milk products. The use of gram flour is also very common in making desserts. There is hardly any occasion or day when desserts are not eaten in Punjab (Jackson, 2011).
  • 11. Food in north India The list of desserts in unending and so are the occasions on which the desserts are used, the type of desserts over the years has not changed much, but the usage has changed (Holliday, 2013). For example in the past there was more emphasis on using jaggery as well as sugar for sweetening purpose.
  • 12. Food in north India However, according to Oliffe, Grewal, Bottorff & Hislop (2010) over the years there has been a considerable change in the ways in which desserts have been prepared. There has been a spurt in obesity cases as well in the cases of diabetes in Punjab. In order to ensure that the menace of obesity as well that of diabetes stays under control the use of sugar as well as jaggery has declined and instead sugar free sugar is being used in more and more desserts (Oliffe, Grewal, Bottorff & Hislop, 2010). This change has been very helpful in reducing the instances of diabetes as well as obesity in the Punjab
  • 13. Food in north India Beverages According to Bansal, Satija, Khandpur & Ebrahim (2010) Punjab state is one of the richest states in India economically as well as culturally. Beverages are diverse too. For example, there are different beverages for different times of the day. Coffee is not so very popular in Punjab but tea is more popular. Moreover, milk and beverages made out of milk are very much cherished in Punjab (Bansal, Satija, Khandpur & Ebrahim, 2010).
  • 14. Food in north India Likewise, according to Satija, Taylor, Khurana & Ebrahim (2012) juice is one of the most commonly had beverages, and sugar cane juice, orange juice and apple juice happens to be the favotiure ones. Curd and churned curd is one such delicacy that is taken many times in a day. There is no limit to how much time it is had in a day (Satija, Taylor, Khurana & Ebrahim, 2012).
  • 15. Food in north India Summers have more beverages made up of cold milk as compared to in winters, when tea happens to be the most consumed beverage. There is no dearth of milk in Punjab and milk beverages happen to be the most cherished and consumed ones (Jackson, 2011).
  • 16. Food in north India In the recent times, there has been good amount of migration into Punjab from different states, especially from the eastern states (Jackson, 2011). The new comers have adopted and are following the life style of Punjab but more or less they have also brought their own delicacies especially regarding food and beverages. Indeed it will not be wrong to state that the state is having diversity not only in the type of individuals staying in the state but there is diversity regarding three beverages as well as food consumed in Punjab (Jackson, 2011).
  • 17. References Bansal, D., Satija, A., Khandpur, N., Bowen, L., Kinra, S., Prabhakaran, D., ... & Ebrahim, S. (2010). Effects of migration on food consumption patterns in a sample of Indian factory workers and their families. Public health nutrition, 13(12), 1982-1989. Hafeez, S., Khan, G. S., Ashfaq, M., & Khan, Z. H. (2011). Food habits of the Indian crested porcupine (Hystrix indica) in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Pak. J. Agri. Sci, 48(3), 205-210. Holliday, E. G. (2013). Hints of Unique Genetic Effects for Type 2 Diabetes in India. Diabetes, 62(5), 1369-1370. Jackson, R. S. (Ed.). (2011). Advances in Food and Nutrition Research 63. Speciality Wines (Vol. 63). Access Online via Elsevier. Oliffe, J. L., Grewal, S., Bottorff, J. L., Dhesi, J., Bindy, H., Kang, K., ... & Hislop, T. G. (2010). Masculinities, diet and senior Punjabi Sikh immigrant men: food for Western thought?. Sociology of health & illness, 32(5), 761-776. Satija, A., Taylor, F. C., Khurana, S., Tripathy, V., Khandpur, N., Bowen, L., ... & Ebrahim, S. (2012). Differences in consumption of food items between obese and normal-weight people in India.