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Final ppt

  1. 1. ‘Integration of Non-Conventional & Conventional Project Guide: Ms. Richa Kapoor Grid’ Asst Prof. Dept. Of EEE Aditya K. Dwivedi (1006421003) Ishank Ranjan (1006421033) Gyanendra Singh (1006421029) Manila Agnihotri (1006421044)
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION 1. Conventional Energy Plants: a) Thermal Power Plant b) Hydroelectric Power Plant 2. Non-conventional Energy Plants : a) Wind energy Plant b) Solar Energy Plant c) Biomass Energy Plant d) Tidal Energy Plant
  3. 3. Renewable energy 1) The energy which is harvested from the natural resources like sunlight, wind, tides, geothermal heat etc. is called Renewable Energy. 2) These resources can be naturally replenished ,and can be considered to be limitless and helps in reduction in the level of pollution. 3) The cost of conventional energy is rising and solar energy has emerged to be a promising alternative. They are abundant, pollution free, distributed throughout the earth and recyclable.
  4. 4. Energy Scenario in India 1. India currently suffers from a major shortage of electricity generation capacity, even though it is the world’s fourth largest energy consumer after United States, China and Russia. 2. The International Energy Agency estimates India needs an investment of at least $135 billion to provide universal access of electricity to its population.
  5. 5. SWITCHING TO NCER 1. Renewable Energy in India is a sector that is still undeveloped. 2. RE contribution to energy sector is less than 1% of India's total energy needs. 3. It is imperative that India obtains energy security without affecting the booming economy. 4. This would mean that the country must switch from the non-renewable energy to renewable energy.
  6. 6. Different sources of Renewable Energy I. Wind Power: Worldwide there are now many thousands of wind turbines functioning, with a total nameplate capability of 194,400MW. II. Solar power: The captured heat can be used as solar thermal energy with important applications in space heating.
  7. 7. III. Biomass: Biomass works as a natural battery to store the sun’s energy and yield it on requirement. IV. Geothermal: Geothermal energy is the thermal energy which is generated and stored within the layers of the Earth.
  8. 8. Solar power This can be employed in two major ways. The captured heat can be used as solar thermal energy with important applications in space heating. On the other hand it can also be converted into the most useful form of energy, the electrical energy. The latter can be achieved with the use of solar photovoltaic cell.
  9. 9. Solar Cell Working
  10. 10. Solar Cell Types Single Crystal solar panel Si- solar panel Polycrystalline solar panel
  11. 11. OUR PROJECT 1. We are modeling a solar based non-conventional energy generation system using MATLAB software. 2. Analyzing various aspects of solar plant. 3. Problems related to connecting it to the grid. 4. Effects of irradiation change and weather conditions on power generation. 5. System performance and transient responses also to be analyzed under the disturbance conditions. 6. The system is simulated in MATLAB. 7. If time permits , conventional plant can also be connected to it.
  12. 12. Some Progress ISensor SLPS I + PS S - + Ir + Ir Solar Cell12 - - - Solar Cell9 Solar Cell10 Solar Cell11 - + Ir + Ir + Ir + Ir Solar Cell8 - - Solar Cell7 - + Ir + Ir Solar Cell6 - + Ir Solar Cell5 - + Ir Solar Cell4 - + Ir Solar Cell3 - + Ir - Solar Cell1 Solar Cell2 - Solar Cell + Ir Irradiance, Ir VPulse f(x)=0 Gnd Solver Configuration Solar Cell Parameter Tuning This demo optimizes the Solar Cell block's parameters to fit data defined over a range of different temperatures. It uses the MATLAB(R) optimization function fminsearch. Other products available for performing this type of parameter fitting with SimElectronics(TM) models are the Optimization Toolbox(TM) and the Simulink(R) Design Optimization(TM). These products provide predefined functions to manipulate and analyze blocks using GUIs or a command line approach. Parellel Connection of Cells In Simulink Isolar
  13. 13. + Ir + - - Solar Cell35 - Solar Cell28 + Ir + Ir + Ir Solar Cell21 - Solar Cell14 - Solar Cell7 - Solar Cell + Ir + Ir Irradiance, Ir + Ir + Ir + Ir - + Ir + Ir + Ir + Ir - + Ir - + Ir + Ir - Solar Cell34 - Solar Cell27 + Ir + Ir - + Ir - + Ir + Ir + - Solar Cell39 Solar Cell33 + Ir + Ir + Ir + + - - Solar Cell20 - + Ir + Solar Cell13 - Solar Cell6 Series Connection Of Cells In Simulink Solar Cell38 Solar Cell32 Solar Cell26 - Solar Cell19 Solar Cell37 Solar Cell31 Solar Cell25 Ir + Ir + Solar Cell12 - Solar Cell5 + Ir + Solar Cell18 - Solar Cell11 - Solar Cell4 Solar Cell36 Solar Cell30 Solar Cell24 - Solar Cell17 Ir + Ir Ir + Ir + Ir Solar Cell10 Solar Cell29 Solar Cell23 - Solar Cell16 - Solar Cell3 Ir Ir + Ir + Ir Solar Cell9 - Solar Cell2 Ir Solar Cell22 - Solar Cell15 - Solar Cell8 - Solar Cell1 + Ir + Ir f(x)=0 S PS Gnd Solver Configuration Vsolar SLPS1 V - VSensor
  14. 14. Conclusion Solar technologies are broadly qualified as either passive or active depending on the way they catch, change over and distribute sunlight. Active solar proficiencies use photovoltaic arrays, pumps, and fans to convert sunlight into executable outputs. The standalone PV Systems have been used for solar street lighting, home lighting system, SPV water pumping system. In grid connected system the major part of the load during the day is supplied by the PV array and then from the grid when the sunlight is not sufficient.
  15. 15. References 1. 2. Energy Statistics 2013, 3. Bosch et al, 1991, "ITE-BOSS - A new software tool for photovoltaic system design", 10th European Solar Photovoltaic Energy Conference 4. Keating L et al. 1991, "Concerted action on Computer Modelling and Simulation." 10th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, p 1259- 1265. 5. digital computer simulation of an electrical power subsystem'. Proceedings of the 23rd Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineer- ing conference, 1988, pp. 543-546
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