PRESENTED BYJAGANNATH KUMAR
Any change or modification in the physical, chemical and
biological properties of water that will have a detrimental
consequence on living things is water pollution.
Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies (e.g. lakes,
rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater), very often by human
Water pollution is the second most imperative environmental
concern along with air pollution.
Types of water pollution
1. Nutrients Pollution
2. Surface water
3. Oxygen Depleting
4. Suspended Matter
5. Chemical Water
6. Oil Spillage
7. Ground water pollution
Nutrient Pollution : Some waste water, fertilizers and
sewages contain high levels of nutrients. If they end up in
water bodies, they encourage algae and weed growth in the
water. This will make water undrinkable and even clog
filters. Too much algae will also use up all the oxygen in
the water, and other water organism in the water will die
out of oxygen from starvation.
Surface water pollution : Surface water includes natural water
found in the earth’s surface, like river, lakes, lagoons and
oceans. Hazardous substances coming into contact with this
surface water, dissolving or mixing physically with the water
can be called surface water pollution.
Oxygen Depleting : Water bodies have micro-organisms.
These includes aerobic and anaerobic organisms. When to
much biodegradable matter end up in water, it encourages
more microorganism growth, and they use up more oxygen in
the water. If oxygen is depleted, aerobic organism die, and
anaerobic organism grow more to produce harmful toxins
such as ammonia and sulfides.
Suspended Matter : Some pollutants do not easily dissolve in
water. This kind of material is called particulate matter. Some
suspended pollutants later settle under the water body. This
can harm and even kill aquatic life that live at the floor of
Chemical Water Pollutoin : Many industries and farmers work
with chemicals that end up in water. These includes chemicals
that are used to control weeds, insects and pests. Metals and
solvents from industries can pollute water bodies. These are
poisonous to many forms of aquatic life and may slow their
development, make them infertile and kill them.
Oil Spillage : Oil spills usually have only a localized affect on
wildlife but can spread for miles. The oil cause the death of many
fish and stick to the feathers of seabirds causing them to lose the
ability to fly.
Ground Water pollution : When humans apply pesticides and
chemicals to soils, they are washed deep into the ground by rain
water. This gets to underground water, causing pollution
underground. This means when we dig wells and bore holes to
get water from underground, it needs to be checked for ground
Microbiological : In many communities in the world, people drink
untreated water(straight from a river or stream). Sometimes
there is natural pollution caused by microorganism like virus,
bacteria and protozoa. This natural pollution can cause fishes and
other water life to die.
Causes of water pollution
Spread of disease: Drinking polluted water can
cause cholera or typhoid infections, along with
Affects body organs: The consumption of highly
contaminated water can cause injury to the heart
Harms the food chain: Toxins within water can
harm aquatic organisms, thus breaking a link in the
Causes algae in water: Urea, animal manure and vegetable
peelings are food for algae. Algae grow according to how
much waste is in a water source. Bacteria feed off the algae,
decreasing the amount of oxygen in the water. The decreased
oxygen causes harm to other organisms living in the water.
Flooding: The erosion of soil into waterways causes flooding,
especially with heavy rainfall.
Harms animals: Birds that get into oil-contaminated water die
from exposure to cold water and air due to feather damage.
Other animals are affected when they eat dead fish in
What we can do?
Turn off running water
Dispose of Toxic Chemicals Properly
Organized and participate in a clean up
Avoid Plastics When Possible
The rivers must not be contaminated
Get Active and Get Involved