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Tourism and nepalese economy
 

Tourism and nepalese economy

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    Tourism and nepalese economy Tourism and nepalese economy Presentation Transcript

    • Presented by: Jagadish prasad bist MBA 2nd
    • Outline  Introduction  History of Nepalese tourism  Major attractions  Tourists related data  Nepalese Economy, Brief Review  Tourism Related Businesses  Nepalese Economy And Tourism  Major Events That…………..  Conclusion 2
    • Tourism  Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure, or business purposes.  According to WTO: Travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes. 3
    • Brief Review of Tourism in Nepal  Historical Review of Tourism in Ancient Nepal.  Tourism after Unification of Nepal.  Tourism after 1950. 4
    • Historical Review of Tourism in Ancient Nepal, A Glance  ‘Manjushree’ had made the valley fit for human habitation by cutting the Chovar Hill of Kathmandu Valley with his sword and thereby letting the water flow out from within the valley.  Although Manjushree is said to have come either from India or China, yet he is regarded as the first tourist ever visiting Nepal.  The Great King of ancient India, Ashok too had visited Lumbini, the birth place of Lord Buddha, and built the Ashok Pillar there.  The marriage relations between Princess Bhrikuti, daughter of King Amshuvarma, and Srong-sten Gampo, the king of the northern state Lhasa. 5
    • Tourism After Unification Of Nepal  King Prithvinarayan Shah unified the scattered principalities into bigger Nepal in 1767 A.D  After the treaty of Sugauli in 1816 A.D there were regular visits of British nationalities in Kathmandu  King George V and the Prince of Wales came to Nepal for hunting tigers in the terai forests in 1911 and 1921 respectively  Despite these developments, the Rana autocracy isolated Nepal from external influence for a hundred and four years.  During that period, Nepal was a ‘forbidden land’ for foreigners except for the small traders and Indian pilgrims. 6
    • Tourism After 1950  With the dawn of democracy in 1950, Nepal open its door to visitors.  Tourism Development Board established in 1957.  In 1959, Nepal joined the membership of international union of official travel organization(IUOTO),present name, World Tourism Organization (WTO)  During the decade, of the world famous 14 over-8000m peaks 7 of the 8 over-8000m peaks in Nepal were for the first time successfully scaled.  The world’s highest peak Mount Sagarmatha (Everest) was successfully ascended by Tenzing Norgay Sherpa of Nepal and Sir Edmund Hillary of New Zealand on May 29, 1953  There after various strategies to promote tourism are formulated 7
    • Major Attractions  Trekking  Mountaineering  Pilgrimage  River  Rafting/ Cannoning  Jungle Safari  Village Tours  Sight- Seeing  Bungee Jumping 8
    • For Adventures lovers TREKKING RAFTING PARAGLIDING MICROLIGHT AIRCRAFT BUNJEE JUMPING MOUNTAIN CLIMBING
    • Cultural World Heritage Site CHANGUNARAYAN BHAKTAPUR DURBAR SQUARE KATHMANDU DURBAR SQUARE PATAN DURBAR SQUARE
    • Cultural World Heritage Site PASHUPATINATH BOUDDHANATH LUMBINI SWAYAMBHUNATH
    • No Of Tourist Arrival In Nepal 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 Total no 400,000 300,000 Tourists arrival by air 200,000 100,000 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 12
    • Average Stay Avege stay (days) 13.51 11.96 9.6 11.78 12.67 11.32 13.12 12.16 10.2 9.09 7.92 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 13
    • Annual Growth Rate 37.1 22.7 18.2 13.9 22.1 9.08 2.2 2002 2003 2004 -2.5 2005 2006 1.9 2007 -5 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 -23.7 14
    • Purpose Of Visit 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 2011 2012
    • Majority of visitors come from……… (in 2012) Country % Rank 1 India 20.60 Rank 2 China 8.9 Rank 3 Sri Lanka 8.7 Rank 4 U.S.A. 6.1 Rank 5 U.K. 5.1 Other 50.6 16
    • Nepalese Economy, Brief Review  Poorest and least developed between two giant     growing economies. Agriculture is the primary economic activity. GDP composition: Agriculture: 38.1% Industry: 15.3% Services: 46.6% Remittance based economy ( 25% ) 23.8 % of the population are below poverty line. 17
    • Tourism Related Businesses  Accommodation: bed & breakfasts, tents resorts, lodges, cabins, home stay, hotels, motels, campgrounds.  Transportation: bus or coach driver, rental cars, air transport operator.  Attractions: museums, cultural centers, mountains, rivers  Tour operators: bush tucker tours, 4wd tag-along tours, guided town tours, adventure tour, local sightseeing tours.  Tourism hire and retail: souvenir sales, art and artifact sales (pokhara lakeside)  Bookings: tour desk, travel agent, online tour and accommodation sales.  Restaurant & other facilities: restaurant of every genre 18
    • Tourism Related Enterprises 9000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 2011 8,163 2012 7,303 2,835 1,936 2,116 1,378 503 2,935 1,524 522 Hotel (Kath. Valley) Travel Agencies Trekking Agencies Tourist Guide Trekking Guide 19
    • Nepalese Economy And Tourism  Based on the theory that one tourist employs nine people, we cannot deny the fact that 553,500 jobs has been created in 2012,  In 2012, Nepal earned Rs 36.6 billion from tourism, equivalent to 24 percent of the value of the country’s total exports  The industry provides employment to more than 750,000 people in a country where the unemployment rate is more than 45%.  Income is forecast to grow by 2.1 percent in 2013 and 4.1 percent per annum from 2013 to Rs 55.6 billion in 2023  According to the WTTC, Nepal is expected to attract 946,000 international tourists in 2013. 20
    • Gross Foreign Exchange Earning ( Rs In Billion) 29 25 15 12 10 8 29 31 23 15 13 11 12 21
    • Foreign Exchange Earning From Tourism As % of GDP 3.4 2.8 2.7 2.4 1.9 2.3 1.8 2.4 1.8 1.5 2 1.4 22
    • Total Revenue From National Parks And Protected Are ( Rs. In Million) 259 210 147 140 118 95 78 56 65 2060/61 2061/62 2062/63 2063/64 2064/65 2065/66 2066/67 2067/68 2068/69 23
    • Some Of The Major Events That Effected Nepalese Tourism Sector  Civil war that cost almost 13,000 lives in a span of 10 years (1996-2006)  Hijacking of Indian Airlines flight IC 814 in 1999  Royal massacre in 2001  King Gyanendra’s coup in 2005  Comprehensive Peace Accord in 2006 that ended the civil war  Nepal Tourism Year 2011  Lumbini Visit Year 2012 24
    • Global Influence In Nepalese Tourism  Climate change  The global economy  Aviation capacity  International competition  Fluctuations in the exchange rate 25
    • Challenges Of Nepalese Tourism  Political instability  Lack of infrastructures  Security of tourists  Lack of skilled manpower  Lack of effective Marketing  Lack of investment.  Threat of socio-cultural degradation and disappearance of the conventional good culture 26
    • Tourists Related Crimes 667 778 640 2010 2011 2012 27
    • Conclusion  Nepal has a great potential in tourism industry.  Nepalese tourism is playing a significant role in     Nepalese economy. Proper marketing and promotion are required to increase the no of tourists. Political instability is the main obstacle of tourism in Nepal The rural tourism need to be encouraged. Investment in tourism sector is most important. 28
    • References  Tourism statistics 2012  Economic survey 2013 by ministry of finance  Wikipedia  Google .com 29
    • THANK YOU 30