History of Nepalese tourism
Tourists related data
Nepalese Economy, Brief Review
Tourism Related Businesses
Nepalese Economy And Tourism
Major Events That…………..
Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure,
or business purposes.
According to WTO:
Travelling to and staying in places outside
their usual environment for not more than one
consecutive year for leisure, business and other
4. Brief Review of Tourism in Nepal
Historical Review of Tourism in Ancient Nepal.
Tourism after Unification of Nepal.
Tourism after 1950.
5. Historical Review of Tourism in
Ancient Nepal, A Glance
‘Manjushree’ had made the valley fit for human habitation by
cutting the Chovar Hill of Kathmandu Valley with his sword and
thereby letting the water flow out from within the valley.
Although Manjushree is said to have come either from India or
China, yet he is regarded as the first tourist ever visiting Nepal.
The Great King of ancient India, Ashok too had visited Lumbini,
the birth place of Lord Buddha, and built the Ashok Pillar there.
The marriage relations between Princess Bhrikuti, daughter of
King Amshuvarma, and Srong-sten Gampo, the king of the
northern state Lhasa.
6. Tourism After Unification Of Nepal
King Prithvinarayan Shah unified the scattered principalities
into bigger Nepal in 1767 A.D
After the treaty of Sugauli in 1816 A.D there were regular visits of
British nationalities in Kathmandu
King George V and the Prince of Wales came to Nepal for
hunting tigers in the terai forests in 1911 and 1921 respectively
Despite these developments, the Rana autocracy isolated Nepal
from external influence for a hundred and four years.
During that period, Nepal was a ‘forbidden land’ for foreigners
except for the small traders and Indian pilgrims.
7. Tourism After 1950
With the dawn of democracy in 1950, Nepal open its door to visitors.
Tourism Development Board established in 1957.
In 1959, Nepal joined the membership of international union of official
travel organization(IUOTO),present name, World Tourism
During the decade, of the world famous 14 over-8000m peaks 7 of the 8
over-8000m peaks in Nepal were for the first time successfully scaled.
The world’s highest peak Mount Sagarmatha (Everest) was successfully
ascended by Tenzing Norgay Sherpa of Nepal and Sir Edmund Hillary
of New Zealand on May 29, 1953
There after various strategies to promote tourism are formulated
8. Major Attractions
16. Majority of visitors come from………
17. Nepalese Economy, Brief Review
Poorest and least developed between two giant
Agriculture is the primary economic activity.
Remittance based economy ( 25% )
23.8 % of the population are below poverty line.
18. Tourism Related Businesses
Accommodation: bed & breakfasts, tents resorts, lodges, cabins,
home stay, hotels, motels, campgrounds.
Transportation: bus or coach driver, rental cars, air transport operator.
Attractions: museums, cultural centers, mountains, rivers
Tour operators: bush tucker tours, 4wd tag-along tours, guided town
tours, adventure tour, local sightseeing tours.
Tourism hire and retail: souvenir sales, art and artifact sales (pokhara
Bookings: tour desk, travel agent, online tour and accommodation
Restaurant & other facilities: restaurant of every genre
20. Nepalese Economy And Tourism
Based on the theory that one tourist employs nine people, we cannot
deny the fact that 553,500 jobs has been created in 2012,
In 2012, Nepal earned Rs 36.6 billion from tourism, equivalent to 24
percent of the value of the country’s total exports
The industry provides employment to more than 750,000 people in a
country where the unemployment rate is more than 45%.
Income is forecast to grow by 2.1 percent in 2013 and 4.1 percent per
annum from 2013 to Rs 55.6 billion in 2023
According to the WTTC, Nepal is expected to attract 946,000
international tourists in 2013.
22. Foreign Exchange Earning From Tourism
As % of GDP
23. Total Revenue From National Parks
And Protected Are ( Rs. In Million)
2060/61 2061/62 2062/63 2063/64 2064/65 2065/66 2066/67 2067/68 2068/69
24. Some Of The Major Events That
Effected Nepalese Tourism Sector
Civil war that cost almost 13,000 lives in a span of 10 years (1996-2006)
Hijacking of Indian Airlines flight IC 814 in 1999
Royal massacre in 2001
King Gyanendra’s coup in 2005
Comprehensive Peace Accord in 2006 that ended the civil war
Nepal Tourism Year 2011
Lumbini Visit Year 2012
25. Global Influence In Nepalese
The global economy
Fluctuations in the exchange rate
26. Challenges Of Nepalese Tourism
Lack of infrastructures
Security of tourists
Lack of skilled manpower
Lack of effective Marketing
Lack of investment.
Threat of socio-cultural degradation and disappearance of the
conventional good culture
Nepal has a great potential in tourism industry.
Nepalese tourism is playing a significant role in
Proper marketing and promotion are required to
increase the no of tourists.
Political instability is the main obstacle of tourism in
The rural tourism need to be encouraged.
Investment in tourism sector is most important.
Tourism statistics 2012
Economic survey 2013 by ministry of finance