Australian Soccer Curriculum - Small Sided

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Australian Soccer Curriculum - Small Sided

  1. 1. Optus Small Sided FootballHandbook EffEctivE from 1 January 2011
  2. 2. ConTEnTSForward 2Introduction 3What is optus Small Sided Football? 4Rationale for introducing optus Small Sided Football throughout australia 6Experience of other countries 7Statistical evidence of the benefits of optus Small Sided Football 9optus Small Sided Football formats 10Laws of optus Small Sided Football 11How to organise optus Small Sided Football 18Codes of conduct: Creating the right environment for young players 24Frequently asked questions 26Contacts 27
  3. 3. Forewordon behalf of the board and management of approach to the development of players hard work of many staff and volunteers withinFootball Federation australia (FFa), I would like and coaches. grass roots football in this country.to thank the entire football community for thecontinued support and commitment to optus Since its initial implementation, optus SmallSmall Sided Football. Sided Football has grown substantially, with Qantas Socceroos members taking activeFFa is delighted with its involvement with optus roles as ambassadors for the program.Small Sided Football and looks forward to theincreased opportunities this relationship will To suitably address the needs of our youngprovide to players and clubs throughout australia. players - clubs, coaches, volunteers and parents need to continue to ensure optusFollowing the release of FFa’s national Small Sided Football is a positive and enjoyableCurriculum in 2009 the development has experience; one that allows all children toalready proved beneficial with around 150,000 develop into the best players they can be. ben buckleychildren set to participate in optus Small Sided Chief Executive officerFootball around the country in 2011. FFa remains committed to working together Football Federation australia with Member Federations, zones, associationsThe national Curriculum’s aim is to provide and clubs to continue the roll-out of optus Smallguidance and an integrated and consistent Sided Football and recognise and appreciate the Hi – I’m Lucas neill, game that focuses on maximum participation and enjoyment for all levels of ability. In 2011 we will launch the first ever optus Captain of the australian team and optus Football ambassador. Small Sided Football awards. I am very excited to be part of this program, which will recognise The past 12 months have been a busy time for and reward young optus Small Sided Football australian Football with the 2010 FIFa World Cup players and coaches. There will be four award taking place. as an ambassador for the game, categories including the Leadership award, I’m proud to continue working with optus and Promising Player award, an award for teams the FFa to develop football at a grassroots level and importantly, the Coach’s award. and find the australian team of the future! nominations for awards will open in February Last year we had great success in continuing to with the winners announced in october 2011. roll out the optus Small Sided Football program Check out optus.com.au/footballawards to read to clubs all across the country. an exciting new more about the awards and nominate your optus way for children to get involved in football, the Small Sided Football team and teammates. small sided format has encouraged many kids that play the game to develop their skills whilst 2011 promises to be a great year for football. having fun and getting plenty of exercise. Having I wish all of the future football superstars all the simplified the rules, children enjoy a much faster best of luck for the season ahead! OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  4. 4. Optus Small Sided Football Handbook |3IntroductionSince the introduction of optus Small Sided Football senior brazilian players come from having played forward to the development of our young playersin australia in 2007 many of those unconvinced by games in a restricted area as a young kid. as and the acceleration of the technical developmentthe changed format have since witnessed firsthand a kid they were forced to work out their own of children who start to play football and provide athe many benefits that this format espouses. solutions to the problems they faced on the small more logical pathway leading up to playing 11 v 11.My predecessor and countryman Robert baan pitch and I think that’s why the brazilians oftengave a very good explanation by saying that as produce such amazing and unpredictable football This is all done for the development of thea parent you do not just throw your child in the players in terms of their skill level.” game and sake of the children. Children loveocean in order to teach them to swim. Therefore optus Small Sided Football. It’s their game, weyou also do not put a young child on the big Football is developing rapidly in australia. It as adults only need to create a stimulating andfootball pitch to learn to play football. is only a matter of time before it will be the entertaining environment for them. biggest sport as it already is almost everywhereThe distances they have to cover are far too else in the world. The fact that the Qantas Let’s all do that and enjoy optus Small Sidedlarge and, more importantly, the number of Socceroos have qualified for successive Football with them.touches on the ball too few to develop the FIFa World Cups in 2006 and 2010 and thenecessary skills and discover the fun of playing Westfield Matildas have qualified for their fifththe world’s biggest and most popular sport. consecutive FIFa Women’s World Cup, this year in Germany, will give football another big boost.In the big European and South american footballnations nobody needs to be convinced anymore Recently the national Football Curriculum (nFC)that small sided football is the most logical and was released by Football Federation australiascientifically proven way to develop the basic and in it; the significance of optus Small Sidedskills and discover the game in a ‘fun’ and Football is once more explained.acquiescent environment for children. Years agothe late great australian football legend Johnny as we embark on our fifth year employing the values of the optus Small Sided Football concept, Han bergerWarren said after a visit to brazil where he saw and following the successful implementation of the national Technical directoryoung children play small sided football: “I began adjustments made to the program in 2010, we look Football Federation australiato appreciate that all the amazing skills of the OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  5. 5. What is optus Small Sided Football?optus Small Sided Football is a modified more by children and are a more effective other clubs or within their own club is generallyform of 11-a-side football, designed to meet method of improving their technical ability as decided on a local basis.the needs of players between the under 6 footballers (compared to 11-a-side football).and 11 age groups, who have very different around six years ago, aCT’s Capital Footballdevelopmental characteristics and needs to Whilst there are exceptions, in most parts of and Football Federation northern Territoryadult players. The philosophy of optus Small australia Rooball has been the widely-accepted decided to begin the process of implementingSided Football focuses on enjoyment and format of the game for new players up until the Small Sided Football within their respectivefreedom of expression with limited emphasis age of eight or nine. The rules and regulations regions. The staged implementation processon coaching per se, particularly in the of Rooball vary in terms of field size and goal was completed in 2007 so that all players up toformative years of a player’s development. size as does the age at which players progress Under 11 are now playing Small Sided Football to 11-a-side football. at the age of 9 or 10, the in the northern Territory and the aCT. In 2007,almost without exception, young players in general trend is for these players to then move to ku-ring-gai district Soccer association alsothe major footballing nations of the world are 11-a-side football on a full-size field where they began to roll out Small Sided Football for allintroduced to the game through Small Sided compete against other clubs in the local area. of their Under 6 and 7 players.Football. brazil, France, England, Scotland,Ireland, The netherlands, Germany, Japan, USa There has also been an inconsistent approach In 2010, over 120,000 children across alland korea all introduce their young players to in terms of the philosophy of football at this Member Federations in varying age groupsthe game using this approach. Considerable age, with the emphasis or otherwise on played the nationally consistent optus Smallresearch has been conducted into the benefits competition, winning, points tables, finals and Sided Football formats. The results of a nationalof Small Sided Football in many of these the like, with variations depending upon the survey in 2008 have been extremely positive,countries. overwhelmingly, the findings have particular state or territory and/or association. providing lots of valuable feedback which willshown that Small Sided Football are enjoyed Whether players compete and/or play against help to ensure that the continued implementation OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  6. 6. Optus Small Sided Football Handbook |5What is optus Small Sided Football?of optus Small Sided Football is successful. • ver 85% of parents felt their child touched O parents to see the benefits of Small SidedSome statistics of particular interest can be the ball lots of times and was very active Football and certainly compliment theseen below: parent flyers. • ver 85% of parents felt Small Sided O• 1% of parents felt their club emphasised 9 Football promotes a positive playing FFa and Member Federations need to continue the player’s development, enjoyment and environment for children to provide leadership, support and assistance philosophy of Small Sided Football over to zones, associations and clubs in regards the winning games • ver 80% of parents felt their child’s O implementation of optus Small Sided Football, playing ability and skills improved particularly in the areas of resources, facilities• ver 90% of parents reported that their O throughout the season and equipment. child enjoyed playing football in the Small Sided Football format • ore people felt it was easier to become M In 2011 and beyond the implementation of involved as a volunteer in Small Sided the optus Small Sided Football formats will• ver 80% of parents reported that the O Football and there was not a feeling you continue across australia up to and including reasons for implementing Small Sided needed to be a football expert. Under 11’s in a staged approach. FFa supports Football were communicated to them and encourages all Member Federations, zones, It is very important that FFa, Member associations and clubs that have completed or• ver 70% of parents were offered O Federations, zones, associations and clubs wish to accelerate the implementation of optus appropriate information and education continue to educate, provide and distribute Small Sided Football. supporting the move to Small Sided Football resources to assist with the implementation of optus Small Sided Football. Most beneficial• ver 90% of parents felt the coach of their O to the education process has been the use of child’s team embraced the Small Sided practical Small Sided Football demonstrations Football philosophy at zone, association and club level that allow OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  7. 7. Rationale for introducing optus Small Sided Football throughout australiaone of the key recommendations to come out Whilst the recommendation for the • arents who are new to the game are likely Pof the recently concluded Talent development implementation of optus Small Sided Football to be more comfortable playing the roleand Identification Review (TdIR) is the need to in the context of the TdIR has as an underlying of “game leader” or “supervisor” of teamsintroduce optus Small Sided Football as the motivation – the development of players with playing optus Small Sided Football. Givenstandard playing format for children under better technical skills – there are certainly many that children playing at this age do notthe age of 11 in australia. The justification other associated benefits that will be realised need to be “coached”, and by extension,for taking such an approach is based on the as a direct result of their inception, as follows: these adults don’t need to have a greatfollowing criteria: understanding of the game to be able to • irst and foremost, Optus Small Sided F carry out this role effectively, finding parents• 1-a-side football is in essence an adult 1 Football is truly aimed at young people of to volunteer for these roles should become game devised by and for adults to play all abilities, not simply the more talented significantly easier. players in each age group.• ore fun and individual enjoyment due m • ptus Small Sided Football also make more O to smaller fields and simplified rules • ith the emphasis on participation and W efficient use of facilities, given there can be enjoyment, and an associated removal of multiple games on one standard-size field.• ore playing time, which maximises m the current emphasis on the importance of individual participation and involvement winning, children are much more likely to Importantly, a significant amount of research has enjoy their football playing experience, will been conducted in countries where Small Sided• ar more repeated touches of the ball f be keen to play more often and are less Football are prevalent (including australia), which by all players on the field likely to drop out of the game. overwhelmingly highlights benefits such as more• ore shots on goal m touches, greater participation as well as more enjoyment for the children.• ore involvement leads to greater m improvement in fitness. OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  8. 8. Optus Small Sided Football Handbook |7Experience of other countriesScotland England USaSmall Sided Football is designed to meet the The main theme throughout mini-soccer is US Youth Soccer has thought long and hardneeds of children aged between five and twelve to meet the needs of children. Eleven-a-side about the answer to the question, “Why Smallyears. These games are the preferred method football does not meet those needs. We need a Sided Football?”of training by professional players and are the modified game that fits the needs of children:most appropriate way of acquiring skills and too often children are modified to meet the What does “Small Sided Football” mean? Thesedeveloping young players. requirements of the game. Mini-soccer modifies are soccer games with fewer players competing 11-a-side football without losing the essence on a smaller-sized field. These are fun gamesall research into how young people learn about of the game. that involve the players more because fewersport confirms that the well-being of the child players are sharing one ball.and the good of the game are best served Mini-soccer is the appropriate introduction toby the use of modified games and a sensible football. all available research and observation all ages can play Small Sided Football but it hasapproach to competition. shows that children will have more fun and a definite developmental impact on our younger learn more playing a game with smaller teams soccer players.appropriate sizes of goalposts, ball and playing and modified rules. Mini-soccer is, therefore,field, allied to simple rules and tactics contribute a game children can actually play, rather thanto improved development within the game. struggle to understand a game that was created for adults.Too often, the focus within children’s footballhas been the result of the game and winningthe tournament, cup or medal. an ethos whichpromotes fun and learning, and measures successin terms of enjoyment as well as fostering skillsdevelopment, is more likely to interest and motivatea young player and enhance his/her progress. OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  9. 9. Experience of other countriesHere are some of the reasons why we believe, 5. because we want our young soccer playersas soccer coaches, administrators and parents to have more, involved playing time in thewe must guarantee that our young soccer game. (More opportunity to solve problemsplayers play Small Sided Football: that only the game presents.)1. because we want our young soccer players 6. because we want our young soccer to touch the soccer ball more often and players to have more opportunity to play become more skillful with it. (Individual on both sides of the ball. (More exposure technical development.) to attacking and defending situations.)2. because we want our young soccer players 7. because we want our young soccer players to make more, less-complicated decisions to have more opportunities to score goals. during the game. (Tactical development) (Pure excitement.)3. because we want our young soccer players to be more physically efficient in the field space These are the reasons why we adults must they are playing in. (Reduced field size.) foster Small Sided Football in our youth soccer programs. The small-sided environment is a4. because we want our young soccer developmentally appropriate environment for our players to have more individual teaching young soccer players. It’s a FUn environment time with the coach! Less players on the that focuses on the young soccer player. field and less players on the team will guarantee this. (need to feel worthy and need to feel important.) OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  10. 10. Optus Small Sided Football Handbook |9Statistical evidence of the benefits of Small Sided FootballStudies of young footballers playing Small other demonstrated benefits of Small • ore experience in all phases of the mSided Football have proven the following Sided Football over the 11 v 11 game game. There is less hiding or dominantwhen comparing 4 v 4, based on observational research are player “hogging” the ball. Every child has7 v 7 and 11 v 11: as follows: to participate in all facets of the game, • ar more repeated touches of the ball f attack and defend. The emphasis is on• layers touch the ball five times more in P by all players player development 4 v 4 and 50% more in 7 v 7 than in • etter success rate leads to improved quality b • ore touches throughout all areas of m 11 v 11. of play, self-esteem and player retention the pitch• layers attempted three times more 1 v 1s P • he game is easier to understand t • ore passes attempted and in a m and two times more 1 v 1s in 7 v 7 than in forward direction • reedom of expression – f 11 v 11. • ore attacking 1 v 1s, final third and m no positions in early stages• oals were scored an average of every 1.5 G penalty area entries • ess perceived stress on the player l minutes in 4 v 4, 3.6 minutes in 7 v 7 and 8 minutes in 11 v 11. • epeated decision-making experience r • 0% of children believed that they touched 8 • he ball is in play far more often t the ball more often in Small Sided Football• echnical skills performed by a goalkeeper T were between two and four times more in • epeated experience of basic tactical r • ess perceived pressure from coaches l 7 v 7 than in 11 v 11. situations and parents• he ball is out of play 8% of the match in T • ctive participation is directly related to a • hildren enjoyed the progressive and c 4 v 4, 14% in 7 v 7 and 34% in 11 v 11. increased fitness and enjoyment sequential game formats. OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  11. 11. optus Small Sided Football FormatsIn 2009 Football Federation australia (FFa) The national Curriculum aims to provide In 2011, the optus Small Sided Football formatsreleased the national Curriculum. The national national guidance and an integrated and remain unchanged and are summarised in theCurriculum was a key initiative put forward in consistent approach to the development of table below.the FFa national Football development Plan players and coaches throughout the country.released in november 2007. Playing Format Under 6 & 7 Under 8 & 9 Under 10 & 11 numbers 4v4 7v7 9v9 ¼ Full Size Pitch ½ Full Size Pitch Length: 30m Field Size Length: 40m - 50m Length: 60m - 70m Width: 20m Width: 30m - 40m Width: 40m - 50m Field Markings Markers or line markings Markers or line markings Markers or line markings Penalty area nil 5m depth x 12m width 5m depth x 12m width Width: 1.5m – 2.0m Width: 2.5m - 3.0m Width: 4.5m - 5.0m Goal Size Height: 0.9m x 1.0m Height: 1.8m - 2.0m Height: 1.8m - 2.0m Goal Type Goals, Poles or Markers Goals, Poles or Markers Goals, Poles or Markers ball Size Size 3 Size 3 Size 4 Goalkeeper no Yes Yes Playing Time 2 x 15 minutes 2 x 20 minutes 2 x 25 minutes Half Time break 5 minutes 5 minutes 7.5 minutes Referee Game Leader Instructing Referee Instructing Referee Point’s Table & Finals no no no OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  12. 12. Optus Small Sided Football Handbook | 11Laws of optus Small Sided FootballThe field of playdimensions Goal sizeThe field of play should be rectangular in shape. Sizes for each age The size of the goal should be:group are as follows: Under 6 & 7Under 6 & 7 Width: 1.5m - 2.0mLength: 30m Height: 0.9m - 1.0mWidth: 20m Under 8 & 9Under 8 & 9 Width: 2.5m - 3.0mLength: 40m – 50m Height: 1.8m - 2.0mWidth: 30m – 40m¼ full size pitch – when converting a full size pitch into optus Small Under 10 & 11Sided Football fields Width: 4.5m - 5.0m Height: 1.8m - 2.0mUnder 10 & 11Length: 60m – 70m note: For the Under 8 and 9 age groups, it is recommended that clubsWidth: 40m – 50m that wish to and have the capacity to do so use 3m x 2m goals. Should a½ full size pitch – when converting a full size pitch into optus Small club not be able to do this in the first instance, the 5m x 2m goal is mostSided Football fields acceptable for use on fields for the Under 8 and 9 age groups as well as the Under 10 and 11 age groups. FFa understands that clubs maynote: In the Under 11 age group, the final stage of development in have existing goals for the Under 8 – 11 age groups; however when theythe optus Small Sided Football formats before players commence need to replace existing goals or are in a position to make a change they11 v 11 football, it is recommended that where facilities and scheduling should move to the dimensions specified above.allows, clubs set-up the field from penalty box to penalty box and adjustthe width of the field with use of markers to meet the maximum Goal typespecified width. It is preferable that pop up style or portable goals are used where possible, however, the use of poles and markers as the goals particularlyMarkings in the Under 6 to 9 age groups is also suitable.Markers or painted line markings. Penalty area Under 6 & 7 no penalty area Under 8 – 11 Rectangular – 5m depth x 12m width The penalty area can be marked through the use of marked lines, flat or soft markers or cones. OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  13. 13. Laws of optus Small Sided FootballThe ball GoalkeeperUnder 6 – 9 Under 6 & 7Size 3 no goalkeeper The game leader, coaches and managers should continually discourageUnder 10 & 11 children from permanently standing in front of the goal.Size 4 Under 8 – 11 GoalkeeperThe number of players The goalkeeper is allowed to handle the ball anywhere in the penalty area. To restart play after a save or gathering the ball with their hands, the ballUnder 6 & 7 must be thrown or rolled from the hands or played from the ground with their4 v 4 – no goalkeeper feet, within 6 seconds. The goalkeeper is not allowed to kick or drop kick theMaximum of two substitutes who may rotate during the entire game. ball directly from their hands. opponents must be at least 5m outside theThe coach or parent is allowed to make the substitutions while the ball penalty area and cannot move inside the penalty area until the ball is in play.is in play, but must wait until the substituted player has left the field. • U8 & 9 - The ball is in play once it moves out of the penalty area.Under 8 & 9 • 10 & 11 - The ball is in play once it moves out of the penalty area or U7 v 7 – including goalkeeper when the goalkeeper places the ball on the ground*.Maximum of three substitutes who may rotate during the entire game.The coach or parent is allowed to make the substitutions while the ball an indirect free kick is awarded if the goalkeeper touches the ball with hisis in play, but must wait until the substituted player has left the field. hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a team-mate.Under 10 & 11 * Goalkeeper Progression9 v 9 – including goalkeeper The developmental progression of the game becoming “live” whenMaximum of three substitutes who may rotate during the entire game. the goalkeeper places the ball on the ground provides the necessaryThe coach or parent is allowed to make the substitutions while the ball learning phase for players transitioning to the 11 v 11 format of football.is in play, but must wait until the substituted player has left the field. duration of the game Under 6 & 7 2 x 15 minutes (half-time break 5 minutes) This may be flexible depending on the implementation format; i.e. in a hub, it may be 3 x 10 minutes Under 8 & 9 2 x 20 minutes (half-time break 5 minutes) Under 10 & 11 2 x 25 minutes (half-time break 7.5 minutes) OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  14. 14. Optus Small Sided Football Handbook | 13Laws of optus Small Sided FootballGame Leader and Instructing RefereeUnder 6 & 7 • et the game flow and give instruction to all players on the run LGame Leader where you can. • raise and encourage both teams. PUnder 8 – 11Instructing Referee • e enthusiastic and approachable. B • Most Importantly - Remember the children are learning theGame Leader game – be flexible and patient.The main role of the game leader is to keep the game moving fluently,limit stoppages and assist players with all match re-starts. Most Instructing Refereeimportantly, they must make every effort to create an environment The main role of the instructing referee is to control the game to ensurethat ensures that all players have fun and have maximum involvement. it is played fluently and instruct and correct the players (with minimalThe children are learning the game at this level, be flexible and patient. blowing of the whistle) on how to behave and what the rules are, e.g.The game leader can be a club official, parent, older child or player or what a foul is, what a free kick is and how to throw in etc... Should thesebeginning referee and should always be enthusiastic and approachable. indiscretions happen a second time the referee should stop the game and apply the appropriate action and decisions. This person can be a clubThe Game Leader should; official, capable parent, older child or player, beginning or official referee from the federation or association.• ncourage all children to have fun and different children to take re-starts. E• nsure the correct number of players are on the field. E The Instructing Referee should;• iscourage players from permanently over-guarding the goal. D • ncourage all children to have fun and different children to take re-starts. E• se a “Ready, Set, Go” prompt to encourage quick decisions when U • nsure the correct numbers of players are on the field E restarting play. • iscourage players from permanently standing in blatant offside D• ncourage children to dribble or pass ball into play from all re-starts E positions and instruct them to move into onside positions. In the rather than a big kick. Under 10 & 11 age groups children should be made aware of• nsure opposing team is back to the half way line, for all goal line restarts. E the offside rule during training and be encouraged to adopt this• nsure team officials and parents create a safe, enjoyable and E philosophy during the game at all times. positive playing environment for the children and do not emphasise • et the game flow and give instruction to all players on the run L winning or losing. where you can• ncourage children to be involved in all aspects of the game, E • nstruct players in the first instance before blowing the whistle I attacking and defending. where possible• emember most acts of handball or fouls and misconduct at this R • nsure team officials and parents create a safe, enjoyable and positive E level are caused by a lack of coordination, with no intent. If you playing environment for the children and do not emphasise winning or losing decide a deliberate or serious act of handball or foul and misconduct • e enthusiastic, consistent and approachable B has occurred, explain to the child they have done the wrong thing and that they should not do this again. OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  15. 15. Laws of optus Small Sided FootballThe start of play and restart after a goal Method of scoringUnder 6 - 11 ball crossing the goal line after touching a goal is scored when the whole of the the defending team last ball passes over the goal line, between thePass forward to a team mate from the middle goalposts and under the crossbar. When goal Under 6 & 7of the half way line. all players must be in their posts are not available and cones are used for There is no corner kick. Regardless of whichown half of the field of play. opponents must be goals, a goal is scored when the ball passes team touched the ball last, a player from theat least 5m away from the ball until it is in play. between the cones without touching them, team whose goal line the ball has crossed willThe ball must touch a team mate before a goal below shoulder height of the player. place the ball anywhere along the goal line andcan be scored. pass or dribble the ball into play. opponents must retreat to the half way line and can moveball in and out of play offside once the ball is in play. The ball must touch aThe ball is out of play when it has wholly team mate before a goal can be scored.crossed the goal line or the touch line on the Under 6 – 11ground or in the air, or when play has been Under 8 - 11 no offsidestopped by the game leader or instructing Corner kick. a player from the attacking teamreferee. places the ball inside the corner arc nearest note: In the Under 8 – 11 age groups, to the point where the ball crossed the line. team coaches and managers should stronglyball crossing the touch line opponents must be at least 5m away from the discourage children from permanently standing ball until it is in play. The ball is in play when in blatant offside positions. In the Under 10 & 11Under 6 & 7 it is kicked and moves. a goal may be scored age groups children should be made aware ofThere is no throw in. a player from the opposing directly from a corner kick. the offside rule during training and beteam to the player that touched the ball last encouraged to adopt this philosophybefore crossing the touch line will place the ball ball crossing the goal line after touching during the game at all times.on the touch line and pass or dribble the ball the attacking team last Instructing referees should directinto play. opponents must be at least 5m away players permanently standing infrom the ball until it is in play. The ball must Under 6 & 7 blatant offside positions to movetouch a team mate before a goal can be scored. Regardless of which team touched the ball last, a into onside positions. player from the team whose goal line the ball hasUnder 8 - 11 crossed will place the ball anywhere along theThrow-in: Player faces the field of play, has part goal line and pass or dribble the ball into play.of each foot on the ground either on or behind opponents must retreat to the half way line andthe touch line, uses both hands and delivers can move once the ball is in play. The ball mustthe ball from behind and over their head. The touch a team mate before a goal can be scored.thrower must not touch the ball again until ithas touched another player. opponents must Under 8 - 11be at least 5m away from the ball until it is in Goal kick from anywhere within the penalty area.play. The ball is in play once it enters the field opponents remain at least 5m outside the penaltyof play. a goal cannot be scored directly from area until the ball is in play. The ball is in play oncea throw in. it is kicked directly out of the penalty area. OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  16. 16. Optus Small Sided Football Handbook | 15Laws of optus Small Sided FootballFouls and misconductUnder 6 & 7 Under 8 – 11 Fouls and misconduct are:Indirect free kicks are awarded for all acts of Indirect free kicks are awarded for all acts of • kicks or attempts to kick an opponenthandball or fouls and misconduct. opponents handball or fouls and misconduct. opponents • trips or attempts to trip an opponentmust be at least 5m away from the ball when must be at least 5m away from the ball when • jumps at an opponentthe indirect free kick is taken. (an indirect free the indirect free kick is taken. (an indirect freekick is where a goal can be scored only if the ball kick is where a goal can be scored only if the • charges an opponentsubsequently touches another player before it ball subsequently touches another player before • strikes or attempts to strike an opponententers the goal). it enters the goal). • pushes an opponentMost acts of handball or fouls and misconduct at For deliberate or serious acts of handball or • ackles an opponent from behind to gain tthis level are caused by a lack of coordination, with fouls and misconduct in the penalty area, a possession of the ballno intent. In this case try and give the advantage penalty kick is awarded from an 8m penalty • aking contact with the opponent before mto the attacking team and continue play. If you mark with only a goalkeeper in position. all touching the balldecide a deliberate or serious act of handball, foul other players must be outside the penalty area • holds an opponentor misconduct has occurred, explain to the child and be at least 5m behind the penalty mark. • spits at an opponentthey have done the wrong thing and that theyshould not do this again. • handles the ball deliberately • plays in a dangerous manner • impedes the progress of a player. OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  17. 17. Laws of optus Small Sided FootballPoint’s tables and finals Practical recommendationsTo ensure that optus Small Sided Football is below are some practical recommendations • epending on how Optus Small Sided Dplayed in the correct spirit and gives all players that you may wish to consider in your role of Football is being implemented in thethe best possible chance to develop into the game leader, coach or manager; Under 6 & 7 age groups, the intra-clubbest players they can be. FFa advises that format allows team coaches and managersMember Federations, zones, associations and • ll players should get an equal amount A to use breaks to make some internalclubs adopt and promote the following advice of playing time. changes to the team when one team isand recommendation: far too strong and leading by more than • hen an individual player is completely W three or four goals.Under 6 - 9 dominating the game and has alreadyFFa advises that the keeping of point’s tables scored three goals and their team is • ember Federations, Zones, Associations Mand playing of finals must not be done. winning by a three-goal margin, he/she can and Clubs should attempt to ensure only score another goal when one of their where possible that teams of reasonablyUnder 10 - 11 team-mates has scored a goal. This is to equal ability are playing each other. EachFFa advises that the keeping of point’s tables encourage good players to include other respective governing body will have theirand playing of finals must not be done. It is members of their team and to force them to own system to achieve this. Should youalso advised, the keeping of point’s tables and create opportunities for others. require any advice with this, please contactplaying of finals will only commence when your Member Federation or FFa. Whateverchildren are playing 11 v 11 football on a full • n the Under 6 & 7 age groups directly after I system is used in the various age groups,size pitch in the Under 12 age group. each match each player is allowed to take a you will need to consider that children like “penalty” from the 8m spot. First, all players to play with their friends. from Team a and second, all players from Team b take their penalty kicks (free shot from 5m spot – no goalkeeper). OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  18. 18. Optus Small Sided Football Handbook | 17Laws of optus Small Sided Football Role of Coach / Parent Helper The major role of the coach / parent helper is coaches and teachers of players in the to make the football experience of every player Under 6 & 7 age groups. It is designed to give and their families in their team as enjoyable them a basic understanding of their role and to as possible. The team coach/parent helper will provide them with practical ideas for training provide the best environment for children to sessions. Coaches looking after children in the learn and enjoy the game through organising fun Under 8 - 11 age groups are encouraged to do game based practices. Having good personal a junior licence course. Clubs can contact their and organisational skills are most important association or Member Federation to organise for coaches and parent helpers working with a course at their club or find out where the children in this age group to allow them to next one is. learn through playing the game with minimal instruction and a focus on player development. For more information on the community coach education pathway go to the coaching Clubs should service their coaches, parent section of; helpers, game leaders and volunteers through the community coach education pathway. The www.footballaustralia.com.au Grassroots Football Certificate is a course of three hours duration and is aimed at beginner OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  19. 19. How to organise optus Small Sided FootballSince 2008, FFa has been working closely with Intra-club modelMember Federations, zones, associations andclubs on the phased implementation of optus Capital Football, the governing body for football In view of the fact that no point’s tables areSmall Sided Football throughout the country. in the aCT, began introducing Small Sided kept at these ages, the intra-club model isoptus Small Sided Football will replace Rooball Football back in 2004. In 2007, the roll-out of simply a case of grouping players into teams,as the playing format for six to nine-year-olds Small Sided Football in the aCT culminated in assigning a parent/volunteer to be game leaderand by the time it is completely rolled out it will the Under 11 age group playing Small Sided and organising a draw which is either donebe the format played by all players up to and Football for the first time. over a season or is developed each week.including the Under 11 age group. In 2008, Football Federation Victoria adopted Characteristics of the intra-club model are:Whilst the success of this implementation is the optus Small Sided Football formats in anbased on the adoption and use of the standard • arents only need to travel to the same P intra-club format combined with gala days forgame formats and rules described in earlier location each week (which is very likely going the Under 6 and 7 age groups.sections, there is some flexibility with respect to be in close proximity to where they live);to the delivery or operational model which In implementing optus Small Sided Football, they do not have a “home and away” situation.associations and their clubs choose to adopt. Capital Football effectively chose to use both of • here is less emphasis on competition given T the models described previously. For Under 9In essence there are two alternatives when the games are not against other clubs. years and below, the majority of clubs use theconsidering the most appropriate method of intra-club model where teams from within theorganising optus Small Sided Football. The • here is flexibility in terms of being able T club play against each other. Where clubs are to move players or parent helpers betweenfirst is the intra-club option where teams are unable to do this due to insufficient numbers,arranged from within a club’s membership. teams if required. they combine with another smaller club andThese teams then play against each other on play against each other. From the Under 10 • he club can provide a greater level of Ta weekly basis. The other option is the inter- age group upwards, Capital Football fixtures support to game leaders as they are allclub model where teams from within clubs matches for all clubs against other clubs on a at the club’s home ground rather thanplay against other teams from other clubs on home and away basis. travelling to other clubs. In this way, thesea weekly basis. The two should not necessarily people can be “mentored” by other morebe seen as mutually exclusive given that they With regard to the intra-club model, the knowledgeable and experienced coachescould both be used simultaneously for different individual clubs are responsible for putting from within the club.age groups within a club or association. players into teams and organising games between those teams each week. This can • here is likely to be a greater number of TThe purpose of this section is to provide either be done at the beginning of the season people at the ground each week to help outan overview and some experience of these so that a player remains with the same team in various roles as well as generating more for the whole year and know in advance which sales at the canteen.two options together with an outline of team they are playing against each week, orthe most effective “game day” approach alternatively, some clubs choose to allow the • esponsibility for organising draws and field Rto organising optus Small Sided Football, children to “turn-up” each week, be put into allocations rests with the club as opposedincluding field layouts, operational issues a team and then arrange who plays against to the association.and codes of behaviour. who. This flexibility easily allows players to be moved between teams if required. OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  20. 20. Optus Small Sided Football Handbook | 19How to organise optus Small Sided FootballInter-club modelas previously mentioned, Capital Football has whose ground is used has overall responsibility • here is likely to be less work for the club in Tadopted an inter-club model of optus Small for the operational aspect of the day. However terms of organising draws; this would insteadSided Football for their older age groups whereby this is generally shared between clubs. be carried out by the association.they fixture games throughout the season andclubs play against other clubs on a home and The fact that these venues are not used for any • ll clubs can derive benefits from their canteen Aaway basis. Football Federation northern Territory other football means that they can be permanently given that optus Small Sided Football will be(FFnT), as well as the ku-ring-gai district Soccer marked for optus Small Sided Football and the played there every second week.association (kdSa) in Sydney, have also adopted particular age group that plays at that ground.the inter-club model; however, their model Characteristics of the inter-club (hub) There are a number of differences between model are:begins at the Under 6 age group and extends to the inter-club model in which clubs are requiredthe Under 11 age group. Further to this in 2008 • arents only need to travel to the same P to travel and the hub model where the venue isand 2009, Football Queensland and Football location each week (in contrast to the intra- the same each week. Generally speaking, theFederation Tasmania adopted Small Sided club model, in which the venue may not be advantages of the inter-club (hub) model areFootball formats for the Under 6 - 9 age groups, quite as close to their residence). similar to those of the intra-club model.these were fixtured by each of their zones andassociations in an inter-club approach. • here is flexibility in terms of being able to T Characteristics of the inter-club model are: move players or parent helpers betweenIn contrast to the home and away model, • ames are played against other clubs G teams if required.northern nSW Football, Football West, FFnT and as opposed to other teams within thekdSa use a “hub model” where clubs travel same club (some parents believe this is • ptus Small Sided Football ensure a more Oto a centralised location each week and play particularly important and as players get efficient use of fields in general, however, havingagainst other clubs. For kdSa, they have eight older they also share this view). dedicated venues for optus Small Sided Footballdedicated Small Sided Football venues where means that open spaces that may not be suitableonly Under 6 and 7 age groups play. The club for full-size fields can still be used for football. OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  21. 21. How to organise optus Small Sided Football Game day requirements Regardless of the type of model that is chosen, FFa is able to provide ongoing advice and the requirements of a club and/or association support from individuals and clubs that have on game day are going to be very similar. It is already successfully implemented optus Small important to emphasise that the organisational Sided Football. requirements of optus Small Sided Football are not vastly different from what clubs need If required, they can offer practical suggestions to undertake at present (through Rooball and based on their “real-life” experience. other junior football), though there are obviously going to be more players, more games and accommodating multiple fields more fields. FFa would certainly encourage Recommendations for the layout of the small- clubs and associations to approach optus Small sided fields appear below. obviously they may Sided Football with the view to minimising both differ according to the available space, however the number of extra volunteers required and the this information should be useful when dealing expectations placed upon them. with “standard-sized” fields. This section discusses some of the factors that Remember, optus Small Sided Football can be need to be considered in relation to optus Small played on any suitable open grass area and Sided Football, such as field layouts, ground does not necessarily have to take place on a management, equipment and participant codes dedicated football pitch. of behaviour. Through your Member Federation, OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  22. 22. Optus Small Sided Football Handbook | 21How to organise optus Small Sided FootballField layoutsUnder 6 & 7 Under 8 and 9Six to eight optus Small Sided Football pitches per full-size pitch if Two to four optus Small Sided Football pitches per full-size pitch ifrequired. optus Small Sided Football pitches to the correct dimensions required. optus Small Sided Football pitches to the correct dimensionsare also set up on existing smaller fields or open grass areas. are also set up on existing smaller fields or open grass areas.Under 10 and 11one to two optus Small Sided Football pitches per full-size pitch if required. In the Under 11 age group, the final stage of development in theoptus Small Sided Football formats before players commence 11 v 11 football, it is recommended that clubs where facilities and scheduling allows,set-up the field from penalty box to penalty box and adjust the width of the field with use of markers to meet the maximum specified width.optus Small Sided Football pitches to the correct dimensions can also be set up on existing smaller fields or open grass areas. OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  23. 23. How to organise optus Small Sided FootballEquipment requirementsPlayers For each field you will need: For each venue (Intra Club / Hub model)Players will need to wear all of the same • pair of goals or four poles/markers a you will need:clothing/equipment that they would currently • large whiteboard or equivalent showing ado at this age – shorts, shirt, socks, boots and • marked field with lines or sufficient a a “field map” as well as a daily drawshin pads. In the event that a club chooses the markers to be able to do thisintra-club model, coloured bibs would need to • horn or equivalent to signal the start of a • whistle for the game leader a play, half-time and full-time in each gamebe supplied to differentiate teams. or instructing referee • central position with table to assist in aClub • dequate balls – at least two to three a the administration of the dayThe best case scenario would be for clubs tobe able to provide pop-up or portable goals • rinks for players d • first aid kit/s afor their games as well as fields that are (should be provided by parents).permanently marked. However this should • dequate parking given that there is likely aabsolutely not prevent them from being able to be an increased volume of both players,to offer optus Small Sided Football. In fact, a parents and spectators. one solution isnumber of the clubs in australia that already to schedule sufficient gaps between ageplay optus Small Sided Football use markers groups/time slots so that one group offor both their goals and to mark out the lines people can leave and the next can arrive.on the field. In the inter-club (hub) model, part of the criteria for selecting grounds may be the amount of available parking. OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  24. 24. Optus Small Sided Football Handbook | 23How to organise optus Small Sided FootballGround managementRegardless of the model that is chosen, each Team managers/supervisors/game leadersvenue needs to have at least one ground also need to understand their role on the daycontroller or manager who has overall ranging from determining where they areresponsibility for what occurs on game day. playing to what is acceptable behaviour. TeamThis includes monitoring the timing of games, managers should be briefed by the groundensuring teams are aware of who and controller before matches begin each week.where they are playing, recording results (ifappropriate), coordinating the setting up of note that the team manager can act as gamefields and dealing with any issues that may leader (referee) though this role is perhapscome up from time to time. best undertaken by a beginner referee or young player from within the clubone of the most crucial tasks is to ensure that who has no connection with eitherthe fields are set up (and removed) in a timely of the teams.manner. This should be delegated to a smallgroup of people and is probably best allocatedto representatives of the particular age groupthat is playing and can be shared betweenteams throughout the season. In an inter-club(hub) model, it needs to be allocated both to anage group and to a club given that there will bemultiple clubs sharing a venue. OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook
  25. 25. Codes of conduct: Creating the right environment for young playersThe behaviour of players, their parents, • ork equally hard for yourself and/or your W • isplay control, respect and professionalism Dspectators, officials and administrators is team. Your team’s performance will benefit to all involved with the sport. This includesabsolutely critical in ensuring that our young and so will you. opponents, coaches, officials, administrators,players enjoy an appropriate environment in • e a good sport. Applaud all good plays B the media, parents and spectators.their formative years of playing football. bearing whether they are made by your team or Encourage players to do the same.in mind that the whole philosophy of optus the opposition. • how concern and caution towards sick SSmall Sided Football is based on replicating and injured players. Follow the advice of • reat all participants in your sport as you Tstreet football, where children play without a physician when determining whether like to be treated. do not bully or takeadults and referees, the major focus should an injured player is ready to recommence unfair advantage of another competitor.be on letting the children play with minimal training or competition.instruction and plenty of encouragement. • ooperate with your coach, team-mates C and opponents. Without them, there would • btain appropriate qualifications and Obelow are a series of codes of behaviour that be no competition. keep up to date with the latest coachingall people involved in junior football, and in practices and the principles of growth • articipate for your own enjoyment and Pparticular optus Small Sided Football, must and development of young people. benefit, not just to please your parentsbe aware of and abide by. Some clubs who and coaches. • ny physical contact with a young person Aalready conduct optus Small Sided Football should be appropriate to the situation and • espect the rights, dignity and worth of Rrequire team managers to exchange a Code necessary for the player’s skill development. all participants regardless of their gender,of behaviour before every game with each • espect the rights, dignity and worth of every R ability, cultural background or religion.person giving an undertaking, on behalf of young person regardless of their gender,their players, parents and spectators, to ability, cultural background or religion.behave in an appropriate manner. If this does Coaches Code of behaviournot eventuate, the other team manager is • emember that young people participate for R Parents Code of behaviourentitled to refer the other person back to the pleasure, and winning is only part of the fun. • emember that children participate in RCode, and if inappropriate behaviour persists • ever ridicule or yell at a young player for N sport for their enjoyment, not yours.club representatives (probably the ground making a mistake or not coming first. • ncourage children to participate, Econtroller) would need to become involved. • e reasonable in your demands on B do not force them. players’ time, energy and enthusiasm. • ocus on your child’s efforts and FPlayers Code of behaviour • perate within the rules and spirit of your O performance rather than whether• lay by the rules. P sport and teach your players to do the same. they win or lose.• ever argue with an official. If you N • nsure that the time players spend with you E • ncourage children to play according to E disagree, have your captain, coach or is a positive experience. all young people are the rules and to settle disagreements manager approach the official during deserving of equal attention and opportunities. without resorting to hostility or violence. a break or after the competition. • void overplaying the talented players; the A • ever ridicule or yell at a child for making N• ontrol your temper. Verbal abuse C “just average” need and deserve equal time. a mistake or losing a competition. of officials, sledging other players or • nsure that equipment and facilities meet E deliberately distracting or provoking an safety standards and are appropriate to opponent are not acceptable or the age and ability of all players. permitted behaviours in any sport. OPTUS SMALL SIDED FOOTBALL Handbook

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