Lighting

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Lighting

  1. 1. "That's the Ray" The basics of Lighting
  2. 2. ~ Positions of Light ~ Three Point Lighting ~ Flood Lighting ~ Outdoor/Natural Lighting Today’s Topics
  3. 3. Front Lighting <ul><li>Light straight in front of subject </li></ul><ul><li>Produces fair light </li></ul><ul><li>Can flatten image </li></ul><ul><li>Has no shadows </li></ul>
  4. 5. Back Lighting <ul><li>Light from directly behind subject </li></ul><ul><li>Good for subject, bad for camera </li></ul><ul><li>Needs other light to work well </li></ul><ul><li>Produces silhouette </li></ul><ul><li>Produces lens flare </li></ul>
  5. 6. Bad Back Lighting
  6. 7. Side Lighting <ul><li>Produces best 3rd dimension </li></ul><ul><li>Careful with shadows </li></ul><ul><li>Enriches texture </li></ul>
  7. 9. Existing Light <ul><li>Light that is already present in the shot </li></ul><ul><li>Looks most natural </li></ul><ul><li>Keep light direction </li></ul><ul><li>Keep balance in mind </li></ul>
  8. 12. Three Point lighting is the best lighting technique to use when you have time to set up and manipulate the lighting of your shot. Three Point Lighting
  9. 13. The Three Points of Three Points <ul><li>Key Light </li></ul><ul><li>Fill Light </li></ul><ul><li>Back Light </li></ul>
  10. 14. Key Lights <ul><li>Primary Light </li></ul><ul><li>Contours and establishes texture </li></ul><ul><li>single direction </li></ul><ul><li>Slightly Above </li></ul><ul><li>Usually 45’ </li></ul>
  11. 15. Key Light Example
  12. 16. !! WARNING !! The Key Light can create problems by over lighting objects and casting ugly shadows
  13. 17. Fill Lights <ul><li>Create a lifelike environment </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces harshness of the key light </li></ul><ul><li>Balances key light’s shadows and harshness. </li></ul>
  14. 18. Fill Light Example
  15. 19. !! WARNING !! Too much fill light can destroy the modeling of a figure.
  16. 20. Back Lights <ul><li>Gives 3rd dimension </li></ul><ul><li>Positioned behind and above </li></ul>
  17. 21. Back Light Example
  18. 22. Back Light Example http://www.mediacollege.com/lighting/three-point/simulator.html
  19. 23. !! WARNING !! Back Light can cause harsh light on the camera lens if positioned incorrectly
  20. 24. The Three Point Setup Set Key Light to Contour and establish texture and depth of the primary figure Set Fill Light to reduce the harshness of the key light and give the scene more realism Give the shot three dimensions by carefully positioning a back light.
  21. 25. The Three Point Setup
  22. 26. <ul><li>Cover subject area in light </li></ul><ul><li>Light Everything </li></ul>Flood Lighting
  23. 27. Flood Light Example Hawks H.I.T. News
  24. 28. <ul><li>Dawn & Dusk </li></ul><ul><li>Overcast is better </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid Direct Sunlight </li></ul><ul><li>Use reflectors </li></ul>Outdoor Lighting
  25. 29. Outdoor Lighting Example
  26. 30. Outdoor Lighting Example

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