CARP Design Principles


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The powerpoint that coincided with the lecture on CARP. These are the main design principles that you will be graded on during the length of this course so study up.

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CARP Design Principles

  1. 1. You’ve Got the Look Principles of Effective Graphic & Publication Design
  2. 2. Four Basic Principles <ul><li>Contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Repetition </li></ul><ul><li>Alignment </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity </li></ul>
  3. 3. Proximity <ul><li>Group Related Items Together </li></ul><ul><li>Keep space between unrelated items </li></ul>
  4. 4. Bad Proximity Example What must Mike “The Eye” do to make it around this card?
  5. 5. Good Proximity Example What must Mike “The Eye” do to make it around this card?
  6. 6. Misused Proximity <ul><li>None related objects in proximity gain an unwanted relationship </li></ul>
  7. 7. Correct Proximity <ul><li>Grouping related objects corrects problem </li></ul>
  8. 8. Another Proximity Example Bad Everything close to everything Good Related things in close proximity to each other
  9. 9. Check Your Proximity <ul><li>Squint your eyes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less the 3-5 is good </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Group with purpose </li></ul>
  10. 10. Alignment <ul><li>Not just left, right, center, anymore </li></ul><ul><li>Place with purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Visual connections </li></ul>A l g t I e m n
  11. 11. Alignment Example
  12. 12. Right Alignment Example
  13. 13. Center Alignment <ul><li>Formal </li></ul><ul><li>Sedate </li></ul><ul><li>Amatuer </li></ul><ul><li>Boring! </li></ul>
  14. 14. Centering with Style You are warmly invited to attend! You are warmly invited to attend! <ul><li>Make it obvious </li></ul>You are warmly invited to attend! <ul><li>Add drama another way </li></ul>You are warmly invited to attend! <ul><li>experiment with the centered block </li></ul>
  15. 15. Justified text <ul><li>Spaces letters so they fill the text box </li></ul><ul><li>Hard to use, hard to master </li></ul>This text is being justified inside a text box. Because of the wording it has all sorts of funny spacing
  16. 16. White Space <ul><li>Don’t trap white space </li></ul>
  17. 17. White Space <ul><li>If you have a line use it </li></ul>
  18. 18. Summing Up Alignment <ul><li>Find the lines and use them </li></ul><ul><li>Stay away from Center </li></ul><ul><li>Everything has a purpose </li></ul>
  19. 19. Contrast
  20. 20. Contrast Definition The difference in visual properties that makes an object (or its representation in an image) distinguishable from other objects and the background. en. wikipedia . org/wiki/Contrast
  21. 21. Color Contrast <ul><li>1/8 male colorblind </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t want to “really” look </li></ul><ul><li>Use “Complimentary” Colors </li></ul>
  22. 22. Color Contrast (examples) It is Hard to Read Similair colors Together It is Easy to read Complimentary colors together
  23. 23. Color Contrast (examples)
  24. 24. Size Contrast <ul><li>Differences effect where and how we look </li></ul><ul><li>Big objects demand attention </li></ul><ul><li>Small objects can be overlooked </li></ul><ul><li>Great differences in size can draw extra attention to objects </li></ul>
  25. 25. Size Contrast (examples)
  26. 26. Shape Contrast <ul><li>Shapes can hide or highlight </li></ul><ul><li>Shapes guide us through the document </li></ul>
  27. 27. Shape Contrast (examples)
  28. 28. Contrast <ul><li>Keep color, size and shape in mind always </li></ul><ul><li>When in doubt Switch it out </li></ul>
  29. 29. Repetition <ul><li>Repeat some aspect of the design throughout the entire piece. </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat some aspect of the design throughout the entire piece. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Repetition Basics <ul><li>Repeat formatting/color for related sections of a publication </li></ul>
  31. 31. Repetition = Review <ul><li>No repetition your eyes just wander off the page </li></ul>
  32. 32. Repetition = Review <ul><li>Repeating an element makes the eyes bounce. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Repetition = Identity <ul><li>Use the same/similair objects to tie your pieces together. </li></ul><ul><li>Typeface </li></ul><ul><li>Film Reel </li></ul>
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