The Congo (Zaire) River


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  • some of the animals present in this river system are pictured on the 5th slide. they include the toirtoise, hippo, lungfish, crocodile, etc.

    the settlements on the river rely on the river for transportation. the congo is the most important body of water used for transportation in central Africa.

    in general, there has been conflict around the Congo River. there was the civil war described on the 8th slide, for example. but these are not directly linked to the river itself. as for potential for conflict, it is a large source of fresh (drinkable) water, and as climate change causes water shortages, etc. my guess is that there will be conflict based on this source of water as well.

    threats to water quality include the expected dangers such as pollution.

    hope this helps. thanks for visiting my slideshow.
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The Congo (Zaire) River

  1. 1. The Congo (Zaire) River
  2. 2. Location of the Congo River <ul><li>Begins in the southern most part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo </li></ul><ul><li>Flows to Boyoma/Stanley Falls just north of the equator </li></ul><ul><li>Turns counterclockwise, flows to the northeast, then to the west and south before it enters the Atlantic Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>Broken into category of Lower Congo, Middle Congo, and Upper Congo </li></ul>
  3. 3. Quick Facts <ul><li>Formerly called the Zaire River </li></ul><ul><li>Africa’s most powerful river </li></ul><ul><li>Second most voluminous river in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Second longest river in Africa, fifth longest in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Over 4,000 islands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 50 of these are at least 10 miles (16 km) in length </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1.6 million square mile river basin </li></ul><ul><li>Flows through the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Congo, the Central African Republic, Zambia, Angola, Cameroon, and Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>Ranges in width from 0.5 to 10 miles (0.8 to 16 km) depending on location and season </li></ul>
  4. 4. Climate <ul><li>Average Annual Rainfall of 67 inches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even driest month has around 3 inches of rain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Average Annual Temperature of 76°F </li></ul>
  5. 5. Wildlife—Animals
  6. 6. Wildlife—Plant Life
  7. 7. The Congo River as it Relates to People <ul><li>The Bantu-speaking people have lived in the area for over 2,000 years </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest transportation source in Central Africa </li></ul><ul><li>The Congo River and its tributaries together have over 9,000 miles (14,500 km) of navigable waterways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Within the Congo, there are 650 miles of waterways accessible to barges year-round </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Waterways have helped economic development </li></ul><ul><li>One of largest reserves of drinking water in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sought by desert countries in Africa and Asia </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Civil War (1998-2004) <ul><li>Cause: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many ethnic groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Troops from both sides of the genocide in Rwanda </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Result: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deadliest war since WWII </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People died of starvation, disease, murder by different groups, and due to fighting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated death toll is between 3.8 and 3.9 million people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many refugees, including orphans and children who did not know where their parents were </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. People Affected by the Civil War
  10. 10. Bibliography/Sources &quot;lungfish.&quot; Encyclopædia Britannica . 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 12 Feb. 2009 <>. WWF. 12 Feb. 2009 <>. Richard, Michael G. &quot;Photos: Baby Hippo Adopted by 100 Year-Old Tortoise :.&quot; TreeHugger . 12 Feb. 2009 <>. &quot;Little Bittern.&quot; 24 Sept. 2005. Saxifraga Foundation. 12 Feb. 2009 <>. &quot;Fossil Locations.&quot; Fossil Locations . 2 Feb. 2009 <>. &quot;Papyrus.&quot; Deutsche Welle. 12 Feb. 2009 <>. &quot;Common Flowers.&quot; Friends of Omer's Gully Wood. 12 Feb. 2009 <*session*id*key*=*session*id*val*>. &quot;Wildflowers Archive.&quot; Friends of Bolin Creek. 12 Feb. 2009 <>. Reese, Tim. &quot;The children lost in the Congo conflict.&quot; The Sacremento Bee . 18 Nov. 2008. 12 Feb. 2009 <>. &quot;The Congo River.&quot; Social Studies for Kids . 12 Feb. 2009 <>. Robinson, Simon. &quot;The Deadliest War in the World.&quot; 28 May 2006. TIME. 12 Feb. 2009 <,9171,1198921,00.html>. &quot;Congo Civil War.&quot; 12 Feb. 2009 <>. &quot;The Congo River.&quot; The Congo . 12 Feb. 2009 <>. &quot;Congo River.&quot; Africa: The Land . 1998. ThinkQuest. 12 Feb. 2009 <>. &quot;Congo (river).&quot; MSN Encarta . 2008. MSN. 12 Feb. 2009 <>. &quot;Congo River.&quot; Britannica Online Encyclopedia . 2009. Encyclopedia Britannica. 12 Feb. 2009 <>. Middleton, John, and Joseph C. Miller. &quot;The Congo.&quot; New Encyclopedia of Africa . USA: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008. &quot;Congo River.&quot; Encyclopedia Britannica . 535.