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Implementation of waste treatment policy

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Conference on Waste management policy: Seminar On Tools for the Implementation of Environmental Policies Alternatives for Myanmar. Octobre 2013 …

Conference on Waste management policy: Seminar On Tools for the Implementation of Environmental Policies Alternatives for Myanmar. Octobre 2013

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  • 1. im plemen ing was t te managemen pol t icy o por it for publ p tun ies ic-pr te collabora ion iva t Javier de Vicente López jdevicente@vaersa.com Phone: +34 608 56 50 10 TOOLS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES MOECAF-IDOM-VAERSA-SANE LAN MOE NYPYITAW- MYANMAR NOVEMBER 2013
  • 2. Waste management is no longer seen as an environmental issue, but an economic sector and a social service.
  • 3. The three Rs scenario finishes in sanitary landfills where remaining waste is disposed of in a controlled way
  • 4. The poor situation: NO Reuse culture NO waste separation, NO waste treatment, and dumps instead of landfills
  • 5. There is a tremendous gap to bridge. In Spain, we are closer than ever to the three Rs, having started from a poor situation 20 years ago.
  • 6. How to get to there? How to start with?
  • 7. GOVERNANCE BODY PRODUCTION TREATMENT FACILITIES & TECHNOLOGIES DISPOSAL
  • 8. THE BUILDING BLOCKS
  • 9. PRODUCTION DISPOSAL
  • 10. Putting the cart before the horse.
  • 11. Building a network of sanitary landfills
  • 12. Location, and capacity of landfills, based on technical studies in which waste production is the base
  • 13. Sealing / ecovering old dumps
  • 14. Implentation of a waste collection system adapted to your needs
  • 15. domestic mixed waste including glass, paper, and packaging, different containers must be put in place
  • 16. Green Points a good solution to collect specific waste such as WEEE, CDW, used tires, etc
  • 17. FACILITIES AND TECHNOLOGIES
  • 18. TREATMENT FACILITIES & TECHNOLOGIES
  • 19. Analyze information from the collection system
  • 20. if their waste, is there any point of building a plant?
  • 21. “You need to collect separately before you are able to treat separately”
  • 22. the government is cheating us, making us separate paper and packaging but they aren’t recycling at all
  • 23. Awareness campaigns are necessary. They are an opportunity to collaborate with private sector and consumer groups
  • 24. It is crucial to engage people with waste recycling. Waste management is made up of a part of technical issues and a part of communication
  • 25. if there were not a market for the ferrous metal, would there be any point of building a plant to separate it?
  • 26. Public-private workgroups to foster the development of new business around waste treatment
  • 27. Just to emphasize: COLLABORATION
  • 28. There are many different technologies with different costs, , automation, efficiency, etc.
  • 29. Best technology is not the highest one but rather which better matches your needs and your economic level.
  • 30. These decisions based on a hierarchy of national-regional-local waste management plans
  • 31. GOVERNANCE BODY
  • 32. GOVERNANCE BODY
  • 33. This is the moment to integrate the components into a functional chain
  • 34. Administration is in charge of establishing the legal framework
  • 35. Who is going to pay to pay to treat the waste? Who is going to manage that money? Who is going to pay to build and operate facilities?
  • 36. “Who pollutes pays” A new tax for waste treatment
  • 37. TAX can cause rejection: once again the importance of awareness campaigns
  • 38. Three approaches 1. Household waste 2. Specific waste (WEEE, packaging..) 3. Other and hazardous
  • 39. 1. Household waste treatment is charged as a new tax to the citizen by local governments or their consortiums
  • 40. citizen Waste Municipality Consortium Collection Transport Private managers Recycling and Recovery Disposal sanitary Landfills Producers Resell
  • 41. If there is not private interest: full public responsibility or PUBLIC-PRIVATE COLLABORATON
  • 42. 2.Treatment cycle of Specific Waste such as WEEE, used Integrated Management System
  • 43. The tax for the treatment is included in the price of the products, Producers are in charge of recycling
  • 44. The payment goes to a new private actor: Integrated Management System who takes on the management of the recycle cycle for some specific fractions of waste
  • 45. Producers Shops Consumers waste Factories Sanitary Landfills Municipality Treatment Plants Collection system
  • 46. € Producers Shops Consumers Factories IMS Municipality Treatment Plants Collection system Sanitary Landfills
  • 47. this approach has allowed a new flourishing sector with another private actor: Authorized Waste Manager who acts as an independent recycler actor.
  • 48. 3. The recycling cycle for other waste, such as ELV, is based on public-private agreements to collaborate in collecting or treatment.
  • 49. REMEMBER: Step-by-Step process starting by the rnd: sanitary landfills. And then decide on technologies
  • 50. Waste management can be, and should be, turn into an economic sector to create welfare by means of publicprivate collaboration
  • 51. im plemen ing was t te managemen pol t icy o por it for publ p tun ies ic-pr te collabora ion iva t Javier de Vicente López jdevicente@vaersa.com Phone: +34 608 56 50 10 TOOLS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES MOECAF-IDOM-VAERSA-SANE LAN MOE NYPYITAW- MYANMAR NOVEMBER 2013
  • 52. Photo credits 1.- http://goo.gl/mhrw2t 2.- http://goo.gl/wIymyK 3.- http://goo.gl/d3POiZ 4.- http://goo.gl/S8kDQK 10.- http://goo.gl/QQ84I6 12.- http://goo.gl/yiKuoh 14.- http://goo.gl/DYWm9z 19.- http://goo.gl/ZO3ovT 22.- http://goo.gl/EjvGFM 23: http://goo.gl/jG5oGL 26.- http://goo.gl/BUe7ge 27.- http://goo.gl/9AQxt3 28.- http://goo.gl/EH8NGb 29.- http://goo.gl/EZHoKm 30.- http://goo.gl/wtQ4Av 34.- http://goo.gl/eNI4Tu 36.- http://goo.gl/klPlR3 38.- http://goo.gl/U4UuD0 40.- http://goo.gl/ji09VG 42.- http://goo.gl/D9RnmL 43.- http://goo.gl/mxv2SM 44.- http://goo.gl/Pd81gs 45.- http://goo.gl/Y6BSo8 49.- http://goo.gl/RX4Kk9 50.- http://goo.gl/PLNm55 51.- http://goo.gl/YSd0hf 52.- http://goo.gl/aat33u