All aspects of media are interesting, although as in anyother job different types of jobs appeal to differentpeople. For example one person might aspire to be adirector where as some one else might aspire to be ascreenwriter, which are both very different roles. I amnow going to talk you through the different job rolesavailable in the TV and Film industry.
Different sectors of the media industry. Management Creative Editorial Technical Research
Management Roles. Producer & Accountant & Transport Managers BACK
Creative Roles. Director & Hair & Make-up & Costume BACK
Director. The film director over see’s the film being made and also directs the crew and actors/actresses. The director will also control the films artistic and dramatic aspects. He/she will make a lot of the decisions when it comes to filming, in contrast to the film producer who will take more control of what has been filmed. Directors have different ways of working, some will outline a script and let the actors improvise, whereas others might get a script written/write a script, which has to be done exactly how it has been written. The film directors hours are normally freelance, which means they don’t have set days and hours, they just work when the project comes around. This juxtaposes against TV directors who will have set days and hours to work, the hours will depend on how often the TV program is broadcasted. BACK
Producer. The producers are the main players when it comes to the television, film and video industries. As well as the director, the film producer also over see’s the project while it is getting filmed. The producer usually comes up with the initial idea for a project, then he/she will oversee the project being made. Producers will work closely with the director, if the producer isn’t the director there self. Often the producer will gradually learn directing skills to be able to take care of all the project operations. Producers will also take care of the budget for each project and make sure it doesn’t get exceeded. BACK
Editor. An editor will do all of the editing of the film/television/radio piece. Editors can now do so much more because of the new technology that allows them to do near enough anything. The editor will make the movie come alive and add special effects and transitions, which makes the film more appealing to its audience. There are now all kinds of things that editors can do, so many that the possibilities are endless. They can now create 3D films, and films where famous buildings look like they have collapsed. This means that films are now more realistic and believable, it makes the audience feel like they are actually in the film. New technology also allows editors to recreate actual events in the form of a film, such as the 9/11. BACK
Accountant. The accountant is a very important role to any industry, as they ensure that the company stays on top and doesn’t get in a bad situation. An accountant will manage all the financial record. In the film industry the account needs to be very skilled and experience as their role is can be critical, as they deal with substantial amounts of money. Accountants also need to be alert as budgets are always changing throughout development. BACK
Hair and Make-up.The hair and make-up team decide what the actor/presenter/singer will look like. In some situations the hair and make-up team will get told roughly what they need to make the person look like, although sometimes they can do what they think will look good. BACK
Transport Managers. The transport managers manage all of the large vehicles that are used on a film production. These include mobile make-up and costume units, artist caravans, mobile production offices, and mobile toilet units, as well as the big vehicles that are for moving props, sets and equipment. This job role requires good transport and film industry experience, along with planning and management skills. Transport managers need to be very familiar of the area in which the filming is taking place, or be able to remember it very quickly. They also need to have excellent time keeping in order to make sure the props, sets, makeup etc get to the shoot on time. Transport managers have a very big responsibility, and an important role in the film industry. BACK
Costume. The costume department choose what the actor/presenter/singer will wear. Just like the make-up team, sometimes the costume department will decide there selves and sometimes they will get told roughly what the person has to look like. The costume and make-up department are very similar. BACK
Script Editor. Some script editors work for production companies full time, but usually they work on a freelance basis. Their wages and level of involvement are negotiable, therefore some script editors will have more involvement than others depending on there employer, and what their employer wants from them. Script editors will look at the script from every ones point of view, and if there is a problem, they will have to give a detailed explanation in why they think so. The best script editors will show the screenwriters a different view of their own story.BACK
Location Manager. A location managers job is to find the location in which the film is going to be set, for them to do this they must be able to understand and see the directors vision of the location. Sometimes it can take months of researching and scouting to find the perfect location for a film. When the locations have been found, then negotiations start about costs, access, noise, parking and permission. Location managers and all of the location department must have excellent organizational skills and also good communication skills.
Sound Technician. A sound technicians job is to identify the requirements of sound for a given task or situation and to do the appropriate actions to produce this sound. There are many different types of sound technicians which are required in a range of industries including, broadcasting, live performances, advertising music production and film. A sound technicians specific activities vary due to the section in which they are employed. Sound technicians roles can be split into two categories, one of them being production which is the recording of sound on set or on location, and the other being post-production which is everything they do to the pre-recorded audio track to make it realistic. For example, the balancing, mixing, editing and enhancing.
Lighting.The lighting department are very important in most film crews. The whole feel and atmosphere of a scene comes from how the lighting is, for example if your filming something in the morning you would need to get the lighting just right so that the sun rise looks realistic. There are different members of the lighting crew who are responsible, as well as others such as the camera crew or designer, for the look and feel of the images captured on screen.
Media Researcher. A media researchers job is to find information and ideas for television, radio, movies and internet products. Media researchers also develop ideas for new programs and find appropriate audiences and media for the programs. Other types of media researchers will research existing programs in order to see which types of programs attract the biggest audience. They also research what people want to watch on the television. On a normal day these media researchers will have meetings with advertisers to find out what types of audiences they want to attract.
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