16-B PEDESTRIANS <ul><li> Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li> Children </li></ul><ul><li> Schoolchildren </li></ul><ul><li> Teens </li></ul><ul><li> Joggers </li></ul><ul><li> Adults </li></ul><ul><li> Seniors </li></ul><ul><li> White cane (guide dog) </li></ul><ul><li> Hearing impaired </li></ul><ul><li>Adapting to them </li></ul><ul><li> Urban </li></ul><ul><li> Rural </li></ul><ul><li>Yield to them! The most vulnerable of all road users! </li></ul>
5-K PEDESTRIAN SAFETY WIDE VARIETY OF PEOPLE PEDESTRIAN CORRIDOR MOST VULNERABLE OF ALL ROAD USERS! DRIVERS MUST LOOK OUT FOR THEM!
16-D CYCLISTS Characteristics Children Adults Seniors Roller bladers Skate boarders Adapting to… Urban Rural Evasive actions Look out for them! They are very vulnerable!
16-E MOTORCYCLISTS Characteristics Scooters Mopeds Motorcycles Adapting to them Urban Rural Evasive actions They are smaller and less visible with less protection!
CYCLIST SAFETY 5-L Cyclists are using the HTS in ever increasing numbers. They swerve to avoid storm drains, puddles, potholes, and debris and may move into your path. Check for them before turning, changing lanes, or opening your door when parked. Make cyclists aware of your position and your intentions. Tap the horn from a distance. Be sure to give them plenty of space when passing in the city and even more when in the country. When driving faster, air turbulence may cause cyclists problems. Never pass when there is oncoming traffic.
16-H EMERGENCY VEHICLES Characteristics Ambulance Fire Trucks Police Adapting to… Urban Rural Cooperation THE LAW It may be a matter of life and death! Give them the right-of-way!
16-G BUS DRIVERS Characteristics Drivers Special bus School bus Passengers - seniors – schoolchildren - handicapped Adapting to… Urban Rural THE LAW They have a difficult task under trying conditions!
16-F TRUCK DRIVERS Characteristics No zones Right turn lane squeeze Hills and grades - on the upgrade - on the downgrade - brake failure Adapting to… Urban Rural The largest of the road users, cooperate with them!
<ul><li>Red Light Camera </li></ul><ul><li>The tracking camera predicts if a vehicle will run the light based on the speed you are traveling. </li></ul><ul><li>The signal camera records images of the vehicle approaching and entering the intersection from behind, with a clear view of the light ahead. </li></ul><ul><li>The enforcement camera records close-up photographs of the rear licence plate on the vehicle after it has entered the intersection. </li></ul><ul><li>The fine is the same as if you were not to stop at a stop sign. </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping in mind the red-light camera only records images when a vehicle proceeds into the intersection on a red light. </li></ul>
Blind Spots 5-C REALIZING THE EXISTENCE OF THESE BLIND SPOTS: You should check them whenever you manoeuvre avoid driving in the blind spots of others be especially aware of “TRUCK NO ZONES”. Practise until you can check safely, quickly and comfortably! A NEW STRATEGY THE NEW BGE SETTING: reduces blind spots can check using mirrors retains forward view eliminates glare at night <ul><li> </li></ul>
Roundabouts 5-G Proceeding Safely Roundabouts reduce collisions without reducing traffic volume. Pedestrians cross at pedestrian corridors before the intersection – thus removing one risk. Approaching drivers are directed along a curved path which lends itself to speed reduction. You should reduce speed and be prepared to yield to vehicles already in the roundabout. When no traffic is approaching (or far enough away not to be a hazard), you may enter the roundabout (counter clockwise direction) and proceed. Signal your intentions. Once engaged, drivers must be given the right-of-way by any traffic approaching the roundabout. Watch for pedestrians crossing at the pedestrian corridors.
Following Distance 5-H You are automatically at fault if your vehicle “rear-ends” another vehicle, because you are responsible for keeping a safe following distance – one which permits you to stop your vehicle in an emergency. 3 SECOND FOLLOWING DISTANCE Permits the driver to steer and avoid a hazard on a dry surface and to apply the brake pedal to prevent a collision. FACTORS FOR INCREASING TIME SPEED (as shown above) DENSITY OF TRAFFIC (space, “out”) ROAD CONDITIONS (traction) DRIVING EXPERIENCE WEATHER CONDITIONS (visibility) Vehicle ahead passes fixed reference point (the brown sign), count one thousand and one, one thousand and two, etc. Your vehicle should reach the sign, after you say one thousand and four (at least).
What else is a following distance good for???? <ul><li>Of course to avoid rear end collisons </li></ul><ul><li>Help other vehicles pass you </li></ul><ul><li>Helps you see around larger objects </li></ul><ul><li>Gives you more time to react to various situations </li></ul>
<ul><li>Scanning is very important. Knowing what is happening ahead (IPDE). Knowing when to start looking for real and potential hazards. You have to be able to avoid collisions, but you won’t be able to do that if you don’t know when to start looking for these hazards. </li></ul>
Turns First things first…. <ul><li>S ignal: about 2 parking meters away from the corner [roughly 2 houses away], first broken line before solid one, just before you let go of your gas pedal </li></ul><ul><li>M irror: check your rearview mirror for cars coming behind you or bicycles </li></ul><ul><li>S houlder Check: for all right turns for something in your blind spot, before changing into the turning lane (right lane, curb lane) </li></ul><ul><li>M ove: Smoothly </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul>
Besides the SMSM….. <ul><li>Brake before the corner </li></ul><ul><li>Move over by the curb (do not look at the curb, look where you want to be positioned, keep your eyes up) </li></ul><ul><li>Steer into your first available driving lane, not in the parking lane </li></ul><ul><li>SMOOTH movements! </li></ul>
Left Turns At a stop sign, make sure to come to a complete stop before the crosswalk, do not use your stop sign as your guide, where the pedestrians walk is where you want to stop. Make sure there are no pedestrians before creeping up into the crosswalk to see the cross traffic better, pull up when safe, check for traffic, if none proceed. Lights Red: stop wait for a green light or green arrow. Green arrow: yield to oncoming traffic and pedestrians, proceed when safe. Green light:: If you are the first vehicle pull up, not to much (margin of safety) when its clear, proceed with caution. The second vehicle, wait behind the stop line, if the first vehicle goes and your light is still green, pull up and turn if safe to do so.
Keep in mind…. <ul><li>Right turn on red lights is usually allowed after you stop completely. </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrians in the crosswalk or entering into the crosswalk must be allowed to go first. </li></ul><ul><li>Oncoming cars on left turns must be allowed to clear before you turn. </li></ul><ul><li>Proceed on a left turn after it is safe!!! </li></ul>
CHANGING LANES 11-G SCAN – IDENTIFY – PREDICT Check traffic ahead (1.a) Check the lane you wish to enter (1.a) (space, speed of vehicles, obstacles) Check in the mirrors (1.b) (space and speed) Check in the blind spot (1.c) Is the manoeuvre PERMITTED and SAFE ? DECIDE Activate the turn signal (2.a) Re-check traffic ahead (2.b) Re-check the mirrors (2.c) Re-check in the blind spot (2.d) (across the entire road – multi-lane) Be prepared TO ABORT and start over EXECUTE Aim high (target) at the centre of the intended lane (3.a) Adjust speed (3.b) (accelerate gently if traffic permits) Steer gently (3.c) (ease into the lane) Centre your vehicle in the lane (4.a) by aiming far ahead (4.b) Re-adjust speed (4.c) (to the traffic flow) Cancel the turn signal
Intersection Collisions The situation: A green car, which has been stationary at a red light, moves off when the light changes to green. An orange car then runs the red light from the other direction and crashes into the green car. Questions: What could have caused the driver of the orange vehicle to run through the red light? What steps could the driver of the orange car have taken to avoid this situation? What could the driver in the green car have done to avoid the crash? When learning to drive what are some situations that you have come across where your safety has been put at risk by others doing the wrong thing? What did you do? Are there situations where you have put other road users at risk? Explain Does 'being in the right' always mean you should go ahead?
Driving for the conditions The situation: A country road curves to the right and motorist is driving at 55 km/h. The advisory sign says 55 km/h, but the road is wet. The driver loses control of this vehicle and it slides off the road into a tree. <ul><li>Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What are some possible reasons why the crash happened? </li></ul><ul><li>What is an advisory sign? How does it differ from a posted speed limit? </li></ul><ul><li>Under what road conditions or circumstances would it be safer to drive below the advisory or posted speed? </li></ul>
Overtaking The situation: A driver in a red car has been stuck behind a large truck for some time and is angry and frustrated. The truck driver suddenly waves for the driver to go around. <ul><li>Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What could happen in the situation shown - - to the oncoming driver? - to the truck driver? - to the overtaking driver? </li></ul><ul><li>If you were driving behind a large or slow vehicle - what things might you do to ensure you and other road users are safe? - what is considered to be safe following distance? - under what circumstances would it be safe to overtake? </li></ul><ul><li>Should drivers in any situation rely on others? Why and in which situations? </li></ul>
Rear End Collisions The situation: A number of cars are following each other when the one in front stops suddenly as the traffic light changes to red. The three cars following run into each other. The first car, which has stopped at the traffic light, is not damaged because the second car managed to stop in time. <ul><li>Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What do you consider to be the cause of the crash? </li></ul><ul><li>Which driver (or drivers) would you consider to be "at fault"? </li></ul><ul><li>What could the driver of the green car in front have done differently to keep others safer? </li></ul><ul><li>How could the three drivers following the green car have avoided the crash? </li></ul><ul><li>When coming up to a traffic light what are some things drivers can do to make themselves and others safer? </li></ul><ul><li>What is considered to be safe following distance? </li></ul>
Driving at Night The situation: The driver is coming home from a long day at work along a suburban street very late at night. The street is not well lit. A person in a grey tracksuit suddenly runs out from the side of the road and narrowly avoids being run over. <ul><li>Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What are some possible reasons why drivers are involved in road crashes at night? (Hint - there is more to it than just darkness ). </li></ul><ul><li>What can drivers do to be safer when driving at night or when they are tired? </li></ul>
5-O PARALLEL PARKING The ability to perform this manoeuvre is essential when parking in the crowded urban environment. Look for a space one and a half times the length of your vehicle on the right side of the roadway. SCAN–IDENTIFY-PREDICT: Locate a parking space Make sure the space is legal (sign, driveway, fire hydrant) Is the space large enough? Are you in the correct lane? Check oncoming traffic Check mirrors and blind spot IS THE MANOEUVRE SAFE? DECIDE: Tap the brake pedal (1) Activate the right turn signal Recheck mirrors and blind spot Reduce speed Stop beside the vehicle (2) (parallel to the curb, three feet away, back bumpers in line) Shift to reverse Recheck oncoming traffic and left mirror Assume position for backing into a right turn EXECUTE: Ease off the brake pedal (clutch friction point – standard) Gentle accelerator pressure to initiate movement, if needed Reverse slowly (on grades, brake/gas may be required) Turn the steering wheel sharply When you reach (3) the proper angle (30 º to 45º with the curb or in line with front right corner of vehicle behind) counter steer to straighten Control speed (speed tends to increase as wheels straighten) When your right front corner clears the vehicle ahead (4), look back and steer left rapidly Prior to stopping, countersteer Stop without touching the vehicle behind (5) Shift to drive (1 st gear-standard) Advance slowly (6) (straighten and position your vehicle in the centre of the space Follow the procedures to exit your vehicle
5-P PARKING ON A HILL PARKING ON A HILL : You must turn the front tires in such a manner as to cause the vehicle to roll out of traffic or against the curb (which will prevent it from moving) should the vehicle start to move on its own. The parking brake and the shifter lock mechanism have been known to slip or break. DOWNHILL UPHILL NO CURB UPHILL WITH A CURB When parking downhill: Whether or not there is a curb, the tires should be turned toward the near side of the road. When parking uphill: With a curb, the tires should be turned away from the near side of the road. When parking uphill: Without a curb, the tires should be turned toward the near side of the road. Parking Pointers – Always look for traffic before opening a vehicle door. By law, you may not leave your vehicle unattended when the motor is running except when warming the vehicle or defrosting the windshield. Ideally, you should have a spare key and lock your doors. When leaving from a parked position, signal, and wait until it is safe before pulling out.
City Driving <ul><li>Accelerating, stopping, turning (what will cause you to vary these in the city) </li></ul><ul><li>Speed selection (what will cause you to vary your speed in the city) </li></ul><ul><li>Following distance (when will you increase it) </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce sight (what causes you not to see as far) </li></ul><ul><li>Lane choice (which one do you want, why?) </li></ul><ul><li>Stopping position, where do you stop: 1)stop sign, with white lines? 2)stop sign, no lines? 3)traffic lights? </li></ul><ul><li>Intersections: there are two types, what are they, and how do you know the difference </li></ul><ul><li>Speed limits, what are they: City of Regina, Regina school Zone, Passing city workers </li></ul><ul><li>Stopped school buses, what do you do? In Regina? Provincially? </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing the road, what will be on the road with you? </li></ul><ul><li>Scanning/eye movements (how far ahead do you look, in the city, and where else do you look? </li></ul><ul><li>Lane position, where do you position you vehicle: When in right lane, parked cars on your right? When in center lane? When in left lane by a boulevard? </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel efficient driving: How do you save $$$$? </li></ul><ul><li>Lane changing, do you usually accelerate or brake? If accelerate, when, If braking, when? </li></ul>