2. +INTRODUCTION + + + + 4m 20m 4m 80m 10m 60m 10m 80m 0 4m 5m 10m 20m 4m 30m + + + + + 4m 20m 4m 80m 10m 60m 10m 80m 0 5m 10m 30m + 4m 20m 4mPROJECT STATEMENT DESIGN APPROACH TABLE OF CONTENTS + + +Yongsan Way recognizes the housing crisis that is certain to affect the aging population of + This project comes from the combination of work and principles developed by the team +Seoul. Throughout Seoul and much of Asia, housing developments maximize the proﬁtabil- members in their respective architecture and urban planning studios during the winterity of each land parcel, often marginalizing the living conditions of residents, or targeting a + semester. The teams were selected from these studios based on the quality of their work and 4m 20m 4m 80m 10m 60m 10m 80m 0 5m 10m 30m Introduction ............................................... 2 + 4m 20m 4mprice range beyond a ﬁxed income. The constant turnover of development and lack of urban the synergy of their ideas. + + 0 5m 10m 30m 4m 20m 4m 80m 10m 60m 10m 80m + 4m 20m 4mdurability also damages livability and natural environment. We address these problems at the Speciﬁcally, the inventive interpretations of the bar, podium and tower typologies from thebuilding, block, and district scales. architecture students ﬁt with the block arrangements and hierarchy of public spaces developed Context ..................................................... 3 0 5m 10m 30m 4m 20m 4m 80m 10m 60m 10m 80m + 4m 20m 4m by the planning students. After the announcement of the teams in early May, we used the coreAt the scale of the building, our project rejects the trend toward income or age-speciﬁc devel- ideas from each previous project to generate a new masterplan for Yongsan. Below are theopment and focuses on creating a diversity of housing types within each building that support design goals and technical criteria in behind our vision of Yongsan Way. +people in different stages of life. We deploy the bar and tower typologies with a collection of +efﬁcient units that support affordable living, multi-generational residents, urban intimacy, and + Design Goals: Concept .................................................... 4site density. This encourages a diverse population and community to occupy each block. • Foster communities diverse in age and incomes • + Create accessible and connected services and public spaces At the scale of the block this development requires a number of services for working, living • Pull the natural elements of Seoul into the siteand entertainment. To address these needs, the project inserts vertical community spaces into • Increase the durability of development Land Use .................................................. 5the building typologies. These serve residents with recreation areas, workspaces and services • +Reconnect the sides of the sitelike daycares, clinics and libraries. We place each residential building on a mixed-use podium, • Minimize the need for a private carproviding retail and commercial opportunities and larger public spaces for the residents and • Respect the existing context and plansgreater community. + Distinct Neighborhoods ............................... 6 Technical Criteria:At the scale of the district we capitalize on the site’s underutilized rail corridor by creating • Average FAR of 10.4a raised systems conduit and public park running over the train right-of-way. The systems con- • +Average buildable lot coverage of 60-70% + Residences for the Life Cycle ....................... 8duit provides the district with power, waste, telecommunication, transportation, and stormwater • Minimum buildable lot coverage of 40%infrastructure all while protecting from potential ﬂoods. The continuous plaza above weaves the • Maximum buildable lot coverage of 80%site together and draws the natural elements of Yongsan Park and the riverfront in an incred- • No surface parking 4m 20m 4m 80m 10m 60m 10m 80m 0 5m 10m 30m + +Maximum five minute travel to community space in the vertical or horizontal direction 4m 20m 4mible civic amenity. • • No single use residential or commercial blocks Civic Uniﬁer ............................................... 10Bar and Towers - efﬁcient and specialized unit types to support diverse • + Setbacks equal to 1/2 - 1/3 the heights of adjacent facades communities. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN TEAM B MEMBERSVoids and Podium - vertical semi-public and ground level public spaces pro- Social and Systems Corridor ........................ 12 + Dalal, Pooja - firstname.lastname@example.org - (1) 734 489 5459 0 5m 10m 30m 4m 20m 4m 80m 10m 60m 10m 80m + 4m 20m 4mviding services for the community. Moore, Jonathan - email@example.com - (1) 734 272 3804 Systems Corridor and Park Line - raised sustainable systems corridor andpark tying together the district and the city. Ciculation and Systems ............................... 13 Tardy, William - firstname.lastname@example.org - (1) 740 707 7734 + + Topolnytska, Sasha - email@example.com - (1) 248 497 2416 + Implementation Strategies ............................ 14 Van Wylen, Nathan - firstname.lastname@example.org - (1) 612 227 1633 + 0 5m 10m 30m 4m 20m 4m 80m 10m 60m 10m 80m + 4m 20m 4m2
3. CONTEXTThe Han River is both Seoul’s biggest asset Yongsan Electronics Mall is one of theand liability. As Seoul’s exclusive source of largest retail centers in Seoul and Southdrinking water, the Han’s value can not be Korea. On the site, its presence promotesoverstated. Due to heavy rain and run off, economic growth by increasing propertyhowever, the Han can also damage health values, creating employment opportunities,and property. To amend both issues, Seoul and attracting spending from around theMetropolitan Government has established city. In order for new development to be acomplete stormwater capture as a goal for success, integrating current stakeholdersall developments. like the mall is a neccesity.Hyo is the South Korean virtue of filial pi- Korean War Museum is more than a majorety. In rural areas, hyo inspires the creation civic asset. By virtue of its focus on the mostof multi-generational housheolds. In cities, critical event in South Korea’s history, ithowever, limited housing options prevent represents not only the nation’s promise buthouseholds from adopting traditional obliga- also the struggles through which it was born.tions. For many, this conflict between the By providing a connection to the museum,modern city and traditional cultural values is a planned development can itself take on athe nation’s most crucial obstacle. part of this identity and purpose.Renewable Energy infrastructure is a majorpolicy goal for South Korea. On the nationalscale the commitment has supported anaggressive offshore wind energy campaign,promosing to provide 10% of the nation’s en-ergy needs by 2030. To maximize the impactof this investment, new development mustexplore ways to both reduce energy con-sumption and provide supplemental powergeneration.The Hanok represents the soul of SouthKorean architecture. Intertwined with a deep As Seoul continues to mature, Yongsansense of place, the design of the Hanok Park will undoubtedly become a flagshipfocuses on harmonizing the the built and the public space. Much like the Cheonggye-natural. Prior to Seoul’s industrialization, the cheon, its ability to blend the natural andHanok was the city’s most common housing the built illustrates the city’s willingness tooption. Today, despite the popularity of high challenge existing patterns of land use andrise apartments, interest in the Hanok and adopt a civic-focused conservation agenda.its emphasis on sustainable development isrising.Urban Ecological Restoration is a growing When constructed, the Yongsan International Business District will be the largestcivic passion in Seoul. In a series of projects, land use on the site. In addition to its sizeable footprint, it will also likely host some ofincluding the celebrated Cheonggyecheon the tallest buildings outside of downtown Seoul. For a plan aiming at creating a bal-Restoration, Seoul has re-imagined infra- ance of residential and commercial spaces, these two factors create a unique set ofstructure and civic spaces as places where, design challenges. With regard to the creation of innovative infrastructure systems, thethe natural world can be invited to coexist presence of the IBD provides the boon of high property tax revenue. In considerationwith density. For the development commu- of affordable housing, however, the effects of the IBD promise to price out the elderlynity, this challenge creates an opportunity to and other income-limited groups. To succed on the site, a development must createexperiment with new landscape aesthetics policies which balance these forces, and insure that Yongsan remains open to all ofand performative goals. Seoul’s residents. 3
4. CONCEPT DIVERSE UNITS COMMUNITY PROGRAMS SOCIAL/UTILITY INFRASTRUCTURE -YOUNG -WORKSHOPS -TRAIN AND SUBWAY -FAMILY -GYMS/SPAS -WASTE MANAGEMENT -MARRIED -RETAIL -TELECOMMUNICATION -ASSISTED LIVING -ENTERTAINMENT -STORMWATER MANAGEMENT -UTILITY ROADS4
5. LAND USEILLUSTRATIVE PLAN LAND USE FAR MAP Site Compostion [1,000,000 sqm] net buildable area [60%] right-of-way allotment [30%] green space allotment [10%] Major Infrasctructure [400,000 sqm] other transportation/utility space [42.5%] spine plaza/utility corridor [32.5%] park space [25%] Site Housing Composition [3,200,00 sqm] market-rate [75%] affordable/senior [25%] FAR 12-14 FAR 10-11 FAR 8-9 Affordable/Senior Breakdown [800,000 sqm] FAR MATH affordable/market mix [70%] Average FAR = Total Necessary Built sqm/ Net Buildable Area affordable only [15%] Total Necessary Built SQM = average residential sqm p/inh X 100,000 inh X 2 = 32 residential sqm per inhabitant X 100,000 inhabitants X2 affordable long-term care [15%] = 6,400,000 sqm Net Buildable Area = Gross site sqm - ROW allotment - Public Park allotment = 1,000,000 sqm - 300,000 sqm - 100,000 sqm Aggregate Built Land Uses = 600,000 sqm [6,400,000 sqm] residential [50%] Average FAR = 6,400,000 / 600,000 = 10.4 commercial/retail [37%] healthcare/civic assets [13%] Non-Residential Built Land Use Breakdown [3,200,000 sqm] PLAN KEY office/commercial [33%] healthcare/safety [6%] elevated park retail [22%] civic institutions [4%] green space underground parking [19%] grocery [1%] outside of 1 sqkm education [15%] 5
6. PEOPLE ENJOYING A SPRING DAY ALONG YONGSAN WAY.
7. DISTINCT NEIGHBORHOODS KNOWLEDGE CAMPUS 300 BED HOSPITAL CONTINUING EDUCATION CENTER SECONDARY SCHOOLS AND PLAYING FIELDS MOBILITY HUB YONGSAN STATION YONGSAN PARK BOARDWALK CENTRAL OUTDOOR MARKET THE PLAYGROUND ENTERTAINMENT AND NIGHTLIFE ARTS AND CULTURE CONNECTIONS TO THE WATERFRONT AND IBD 7
8. A SPECTACULAR VIEW OF ACTIVITIES ALONG THE SPINE.
9. RESIDENCES FOR THE LIFE CYCLE resident-owned units TOWER+PODIUM SIZE OF BLOCK: 80 M X 80 M = 6400 M SQ senior affordable units BUILDING FOOTPRINT: 4800 M SQRESIDENTIAL FAR: 12.3 AV ROOFTOP GARDENS access points SIZE OF GARDEN: 1250 M SQ PODIUM CLUB, GYM, AND SKY RESTURANT: 1000 M SQ rental units RESIDENTIAL AMMENITIES: AMPHITHEATER, SWIMMING POOLS, PARKS, RUNNING TRACKS, CAFES FOOTPRINT: 1250 M SQ 1 BEDROOM UNIT NUMBER OF FLOORS: 40-60 NO OF UNITS: 600 AREA: 25-30 SQ M community greenroofs COMMUNITY BARS TARGET MARKETS: SINGLE ELDERS, STUDENTS, YOUNG SIZE: 1200 SQ M PROFESSIONALS AMMENITIES: GYM, BAR, MARKET, COMMERCIAL public parksGREEN SPACE COMMERCIAL SPACE OFFICE /RETAIL PARKING FOOTPRINT: 4800 urban farming FLOORS: 3-10 NUMBER: 650 UNITS AREA: 14,400 M SQ sports ﬁelds BAR+PODIUM SIZE OF BLOCK: 80 M X 160 M = 12,800 M SQ BUILDING FOOTPRINT: 10,240 M SQ FAR: 11 AV libraries/education ROOFTOP GARDENS public plazas SIZE OF GARDEN: 2000 M SQ COMMUNITY BANQUET HALL: 1000 M SQ RESIDENTIAL 2 BEDROOM UNIT daycares/play areas FOOTPRINT: 3000 M SQ (120,000 M SQ) AREA: 50 SQ M NUMBER OF FLOORS: 40 TARGET MARKETS: ELDER fitness/health facilities NO OF UNITS: 600 COUPLES, YOUNG COUPLE+CHILD, YOUNG PROFESSIONALS COMMUNITY PODIUM SIZE: 4000 SQ M AMMENITIES: AMPHITHEATER, SWIMMING POOLS, AMMENITIES: GYM, BAR, GAME ROOMS, MARKET, PARKS, RUNNING TRACKS shopping DAY CARE PARKING COMMERCIAL OFFICE/RETAIL/ENTERTAINMENT ofﬁceCOMMERCIAL NUMBER: 800 UNITS FOOTPRINT: 10,240 M SQ AREA: 23,700 M SQ FLOORS: 2 workshops INTERIOR COURTYARD entertainment SIZE OF BLOCK: 80 M X 80 M = 6,400 M SQ BUILDING FOOTPRINT: 2,660 M SQ FAR: 9 AV ROOFTOP GARDENS parking stallsPARKING SERVICES PODIUM SIZE OF GARDEN: 1000 M SQ BANQUET HALL: 1000 M SQ AMMENITIES: SWIMMING POOLS, COMMUNITY vehicle charging RESIDENTIAL GARDENS 3 BEDROOM UNIT BUILDING FOOTPRINT: 2500 M SQ COMMERCIAL bike parking NUMBER OF FLOORS: 15 OFFICE/RETAIL AREA: 90 SQ M NO OF UNITS: 250 FOOTPRINT: 2,660 SQ M TARGET MARKETS: MULTI GENER- FLOORS: 5 ARIONAL HOUSEHOLDS, LARGE PARKING alternate vehicle parking FAMILIES NUMBER: 200 UNITS AREA: 27,000 M SQ 9
10. FAMILIES ENJOY A PERFORMANCE AT THE COMMUNITY AMPITHEATER.
11. CIVIC UNIFIERCROSSING THE YONGSAN WAY SPINE 1 2 3 8 3 Funiculars offer easy vertical transportation for Sculptural stairs become a stage for Gondolas throughout the city provide exciting the mobility challenged community activities connections between buildings 6 9 4 5 6 2 4 1 Escalators, elevators and moving walkways Earthworks encourage recreational activities for Curving ramps elevate the landscape promote easy access to different destinations different seasons 7 8 9 5 7 Market provide fresh food for healthy diets and The ferris wheel provides a fun lift from the Landscape stairs allow people to gather before venues for urban farmers to sell their goods ground level to the entertainment district moving between levels 11
12. SOCIAL AND SYSTEMS CORRIDOR 0 5m 10m 30m 4m 20m 4m 80m 10m 60m 10m 80m 4m 20m 4m12
13. SYSTEMS AND CIRCULATIONhandicap accesiblestairs and escalatorsalternative vehicle facilitiesbicycle facilitiesrail transitautomobile trafﬁcalternative vehicle trafﬁcbicycle trafﬁcdaycares/play areascommunity green roofspublic parksurban farmssports ﬁeldsdaycares/play areassports ﬁelds MONORAILcommunity theatreentertainmentmusic venuesparking stalls UNDERGROUND PARKING FACILITIESvehicle chargingsolid waster recycling RAIL AND SUBWAY FACILITIEStelecommunications infrastructure SITE UTILITY CENTERS DISTRICT RECYCLING CENTERbiomass energy production BIOGAS POWER PLANT STORMWATER VAULTSsolid waste disposal 13
14. IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES + + IMPLEMENTAION ACTORS IMPLEMENTAION ACTIONS PHASING AND KEY PARTNERSHIPS + DESIGN OWN + PUBLIC METROPOLITAN DEPARTMANTS Establish performance metrics Distribute property rights + Identify cultural aesthetics Establish stakeholder group work to protect NATIONAL MINISTRIES Develop policy guidelines community rights ACTORS Government Seoul Metropolitan Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation IMPLEMENT MAINTAIN + Ministry of Land, Transport, and Maritime Affairs PUBLIC Interpret market conditions Assess facility performance + Capitalize on emerging technology Adapt form to compliment trendsACTORS Identify and manage investment Protect long term investments PRIVATE Seoul Metropolitan Government fund and build new + + NATIONAL DEVELOPERSKorea Land and Housing Corporation infrastructurePUBLIC + LOCAL INVESTORS Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation Samsung Seoul Metropolitan Government Group Korea Land and Housing Corporation Daewoo Engineering and Construction Housing Corporation Korea Land and PRIVATE Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation + AFFORDABLE HOUSING Seoul MetropolitanSamsung Group Government + + + Land and Housing Corporation COMMUNITY Korea LG Group + + MARKET-RATE HOUSINGPRIVATE RESIDENTS Seoul MetropolitanEugene Constructions Company Rapid Transit Corporation + + design and inhabit WORKERS + + vertical communitieseoul Metropolitan Samsung Group +Families Government ++ OFFICE/ COMMERCIAL SPACE +orea Land and Housing Corporation + + +Elders LG Groupeoul Metropolitan Eugene Constructions Company ++ + + Neighborhood Groups Transit Corporation Rapid RECREATION FACILITIES + + + COMMUNITY + + Samsung Group +NGOs LG Group Families HEALTHCARE FACILITIES + +HOUSING ADVOCATES Elders Eugene Constructions Company + +COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT GROUPS CITY INFRASTRUCTURE + + +COMMUNITYamsung Group Neighbors + +G Group +Korean Coalition for Housing Rights + + + Families +Citizens’ Coalition for Economic Justiceugene Constructions Company VERTICAL COMMUNITY SPACES + communicate to ensure + Elders Federation of National Street Vendors + + full service provisionTY + Neighbors NGO+ Families + + + + Elders + Neighbors Saemaul Undong + Korean Coalition for Housing Rights (KCHR)amiliesNGO + +lders + Federation of National Street Vendors (FNSV) 14eighbors + Saemaul Undong