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合彩秘注你,在乎你,你应该高兴才对,如果你用尽心思作画,却没人肯看上一眼,那你同样也会不高兴的,这是一个相对而言的问题。 …






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  • 1. TWO-WAY COMMUNICATION: ELECTRONIC DISCUSSIONS CHAPTER SIX THE POWER OF eLEARNING Workshop Presentation Friday, June 30, 2006 By: Khadijah O. Miller, Ph.D. Department of Interdisciplinary Studies
  • 2. Overview of Presentation/ Chapter 6
    • Electronic Discussions (overview)
    • Forums
    • Chats
    • Planning and Administering Discussions
    • Facilitating Discussions
    • Types of Discussions
    • Examples from Khadijah Miller’s experiences
  • 3. Electronic Discussions
    • Electronic Discussions are among the most powerful communication tools in elearning.
      • Promote Critical Thinking
      • Promote Active Learning
      • Promote/Encourage Higher Levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy (in particular, application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation).
  • 4. Electronic Discussions
    • Definition:
      • A two-way communication used in elearning; allows students to engage each other and/or the instructor in interactive learning in the “timeless” virtual world of the Internet.
    • Types: Synchronous and Asynchronous AKA, Forums and Chats
  • 5. Electronic Discussions: Forums and Chats
    • Forums are ordinarily asynchronous (which removes the element of time constraints— “anytime, anyplace” learning).
    • Chats are synchronous (meaning that everyone meets ‘virtually’ at the same time, regardless of location).
  • 6. Benefits of Discussions: Forums
    • Support Convenient communication
      • As well as encourage active learning
    • Encourage thoughtful responses
      • As well as provide additional time for reflection, analysis and proofreading
    • Build community
      • As well as develop valuable interactive skills
    • Create a permanent record of student responses
      • As well as assist in measurement and assessment of facilitating skills
  • 7. Challenges of Discussions: Forums
    • Lack of Human Contact
    • Time Requirement
    • Students with Poor Attitudes (in course site or classroom)
    • Students with poor writing, spelling and grammatical skills
    • Fear of Public writing
    • Number of Participants
    • Work load—Facilitator Frustration
    • Technical Difficulties
  • 8. Netiquette, Emoticons and Acronyms
    • Netiquette: a term commonly associated with two-way computer communications; basically etiquette for the Net.
      • Provides guidelines about what is acceptable and non-acceptable behavior in electronic discussions and similar communication transactions, e.g., email. (see page 126, figure 6.3)
  • 9. Netiquette, Emoticons, and Acronyms
    • Emoticons: symbols used to convey emotions in online communications. Don’t suggest we use—need to maintain an academic setting. (see pg. 127, figure 6.4)
    • Acronyms: simply, an abbreviation for a phrase or clause. Don’t suggest we use—except for common terms, e.g., NSU or ASAP, not CUL8R. (see pg. 127, figure 6.5)
  • 10. Facilitating, Planning and Administering Electronic Discussions
    • A Successful Discussion
    • is A
    • Well-Planned Discussion
  • 11. Facilitating, Planning and Administering Electronic Discussions
    • Explain expectations, appropriate and inappropriate responses
    • Provide clear instructions for each discussion
    • Phrase topics and questions clearly
    • Establish and enforce policies (length, deadline/dateline, credit, etc.)
    • Alert students to time expectations
    • Give assignments realistically and relative to workload.
  • 12. Categories of Discussion Topics
    • To promote critical thinking
    • To summarize and clarify
    • To introduce or prepare for new topics/subjects
    • FAQ Discussions
    • Homework Discussions
    • Get Help/Online Tutoring (student/student and facilitator/student)
  • 13. Categories of Discussion Topics
    • Homework discussions
    • Guest speaker discussions
    • Mentoring discussions
    • Field Experience discussions
    • Small Group Meeting discussions
    • Discussions to quiz students
    • Discussions for role-play
    • “Water fountain” discussions
  • 14. Examples of Electronic Discussions
    • Some Favorites:
      • Emogene Vaughn-Johnson’s discussion boards for intellectual wellness—includes a spiritual café and student-to-student tutoring/study sessions.
      • Enrique Zapatero’s live chat discussions—5 hours once a week—with graphs, power points and soon to add audio!
  • 15. MORE Examples of Electronic Discussions
    • Khadijah Miller’s weekly discussion boards (serves as homework assignments)
      • Discussion Boards also include “Getting to Know You” board, FAQ Board, Wrap Up board, and “Purely discussion” board (student directed to post what they want).
    • Live chats are 3-4 per semester, used as review sessions, to introduce new topics, and “touch base” with students who may feel disconnected.
  • 16. What Do You Think?
    • Questions, Answers, Comments…
    • Thank you for Your Attention!