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Beyond Google...Making the most of library resources
Learning Outcomes1) Identify keywords to construct a basic search strategy2) Awareness of reference sources to develop knowledge and vocabulary3) Where to look for information and understand how different sources of information vary in their quality and purpose4) Identify criteria for evaluating information5) Understand what peer review is and how it relates to information quality6) Construct a reference for a journal article
1) Analysing the Assignment Question• Identify the keywords from your assignment question• Expand your vocabulary and think of alternative key words and variations in spellings• Link up your search terms to find the right information
Identifying Key WordsExample assignment Q:Discuss the possible roles of GIS in hazard management, including long-termplanning, detailed evacuation planning and management of an actual incident. GIS Planning Incident ‘Hazard Evacuation Management’
2) Reference Sources Oxford Reference Online: Incorporates subject dictionaries and reference works• A Dictionary of Earth Sciences• The Oxford Companion to the Earth• The Oxford Companion to Global Change• A Dictionary of Geography• A Dictionary of Environment and ConservationAccess Oxford Reference Online via the Library Cataloguehttp://www.liv.ac.uk/library/e-library/e-reference.html
3) Where should you look forinformation for your assignments?Library catalogue should be your firstport of call when looking for resources: • Books; print and electronic • Journals; print and electronic • Online databases • Websites, blogs etc…
Information quality Blogs TwitterMore reliable Websites More recent Newspapers Magazines Academic Journals Books
4) Evaluating your results• The effectiveness of the search is related to the relevancy of retrieved items.• Relevancy is: – Subjective: Depends upon your own judgment. – Situational: Relates to your current needs. – Cognitive: Your perception of the resource. – Dynamic: Changes over time. Entire document collection Relevant Retrieved documents documents 11
Evaluating informationWhen evaluating information, take CARe:• Currency - is it up-to-date?• Authority - is the author and/or publisher credible?• Relevance – how does it benefit my research?
Evaluating websites• Anyone can publish material on the internet so there is no guarantee of its reliability• Things to look for: • Who produced the site? Are they credible? • When was the site last updated? • Does the look and feel of the site inspire confidence? • Look at the web address – .com, .co.uk, .ac.uk, .org, etc. • Is the site trying to sell something – a product or a point of view (bias)?• Look at www.dhmo.org and consider the questions above
Recommended Websites• Office for National Statisticshttp://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/index.html• Resource for Urban Design Informationhttp://www.rudi.net/• Design Councilhttp://www.designcouncil.org.uk/• Earth Trendshttp://earthtrends.wri.org/
5) So, what are Journals?Scholarly journal articles:• are regular publications that contain articles on current research• are written for and by academics• report the latest research on a topic• are peer reviewed or refereed (reviewed by academics before being accepted for publication)• include a bibliography of references• are often published by a professional or scholarly organizationExample:d’Albergo (2010) ‘Urban Issues in Nation-State Agendas: AComparison in Western Europe’ Urban Research & Practice. 3 (2)pp.138-158.
6) Don’t forget to reference!• You must acknowledge in your assignment when you have used ideas or words that are not your own• The term for not identifying where your information has come from is Plagiarism• Your tutor will confirm which referencing style to adopt
How a reference is constructed Author(s) Publication date Article titleGallagher- Heffron, S. & Valmond, K. (2011) ‘Teaching AboutGlobal Climate Change’ The Geography Teacher 8 (2) pp.91–95. Journal name Volume Page no. and issue