GROUP NAME 
Hope yyoouu eennjjooyy tthhee sshhooww
 An endocrine disorder; a group of metabolic 
diseases characterised by elevated levels of 
glucose in the blood resultin...
 Type I: Destruction of beta cells-> 
decreased insulin production->uncontrolled 
glucose production-> HYPERGLYCEMIA 
 T...
 Other types include Secondary Diabetes: 
› Genetic defect beta cell or insulin 
› Disease of pancreas 
› Drug/chemical i...
 Classic 3 P’s 
 Fatigue 
 Body Weakness 
 Weight Changes 
 Visual Changes 
 Slow Wound Healing/ 
Recurrent Skin inf...
Chronic 
MACROVASCULAR 
 Cardiovascular disease 
 Cerebrovascular disease 
MICROVASCULAR 
 Retinopathy (vision) 
proble...
Diabetes can be managed or controlled by: 
 Educating patient about diabetes 
 Exercising regularly 
 Eating a healthy ...
Hot + Dry = Sugar High 
Cold n Clammy= Need 
Some Candy
AAnndd FFoorr AAllll YYoouu 
VViissuuaall LLeeaarrnneerrss,, 
HHeerreess AA TTrreeaatt:: 
hhttttpp::////wwwwww..yyoouuttuu...
Diabetesa 1223313005812508-8-120618034048-phpapp02
Diabetesa 1223313005812508-8-120618034048-phpapp02
Diabetesa 1223313005812508-8-120618034048-phpapp02
Diabetesa 1223313005812508-8-120618034048-phpapp02
Diabetesa 1223313005812508-8-120618034048-phpapp02
Diabetesa 1223313005812508-8-120618034048-phpapp02
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Diabetesa 1223313005812508-8-120618034048-phpapp02

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  • DIET:
    Goals of diet therapy
    Principles of nutrition in diabetes
    Protein, fats and carbohydrates, fiber, sweeteners, fat replacers
    Alcohol
    Food labeling
    Exchange system, carbohydrate counting
    Special considerations for type 1 and type 2 diabetes
    EXERCISE
    Purpose - controls blood glucose and lowers blood glucose
    Purpose - reduce the amount of insulin needed
  • Diabetesa 1223313005812508-8-120618034048-phpapp02

    1. 1. GROUP NAME Hope yyoouu eennjjooyy tthhee sshhooww
    2. 2.  An endocrine disorder; a group of metabolic diseases characterised by elevated levels of glucose in the blood resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, insulin receptors or any combination of conditions. OORR EEAASSIILLYY PPUUTT……..  Cells are swimming in glucose (their food) but starving to death because of insulin issues.
    3. 3.  Type I: Destruction of beta cells-> decreased insulin production->uncontrolled glucose production-> HYPERGLYCEMIA  Type II: Decreased sensitivity of insulin receptor to insulin-> less uptake of glucose-> HYPERGLYCEMIA REMEMBER the concept ~Sugar Into The Cells~
    4. 4.  Other types include Secondary Diabetes: › Genetic defect beta cell or insulin › Disease of pancreas › Drug/chemical induced › Infections-pancreatitits  Gestational › overweight; risk for Type 2 Type 1 – IDDM  LITTLE to NO Insulin  20-30% Hereditary  Ketoacidosis Type 2– NIDDM  some insulin produced  90% hereditary
    5. 5.  Classic 3 P’s  Fatigue  Body Weakness  Weight Changes  Visual Changes  Slow Wound Healing/ Recurrent Skin infections  Laboratory Tests-> FBS/fasting blood sugar >7.0 mmol/L  Family Hx diabetes  Race/Ethnicity  Age  Hypertension  Hyperlipidemia  Hx of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus  Other signs and symptoms of diabetes complications
    6. 6. Chronic MACROVASCULAR  Cardiovascular disease  Cerebrovascular disease MICROVASCULAR  Retinopathy (vision) problems  Diabetic neuropathy  Diabetic nephropathy  Male erectile dysfunction Acute  Diabetic ketoacidosis  Hyperglycemic-hyperosmolar- nonketotic syndrome  Hypoglycemia from too much insulin or too little glucose
    7. 7. Diabetes can be managed or controlled by:  Educating patient about diabetes  Exercising regularly  Eating a healthy well balanced diet  Avoiding smoking (people with diabetes who smoke are at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular complications).  Avoid alcohol  Pharmacologic Therapy Type One: Insulin Injections given subcutaneously Type Two: Oral Medication, such as Metformin
    8. 8. Hot + Dry = Sugar High Cold n Clammy= Need Some Candy
    9. 9. AAnndd FFoorr AAllll YYoouu VViissuuaall LLeeaarrnneerrss,, HHeerreess AA TTrreeaatt:: hhttttpp::////wwwwww..yyoouuttuubbee..ccoomm//wwaatt cchh?? vv==NNnnIIWWDDxxuuZZKKUUoo&&ffeeaattuurree==rr eellaatteedd

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