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  • DIET:
    Goals of diet therapy
    Principles of nutrition in diabetes
    Protein, fats and carbohydrates, fiber, sweeteners, fat replacers
    Food labeling
    Exchange system, carbohydrate counting
    Special considerations for type 1 and type 2 diabetes
    Purpose - controls blood glucose and lowers blood glucose
    Purpose - reduce the amount of insulin needed


  • 1. GROUP NAME Hope you enjoy the showHope you enjoy the show
  • 2.  An endocrine disorder; a group of metabolic diseases characterised by elevated levels of glucose in the blood resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, insulin receptors or any combination of conditions. OR EASILY PUT….OR EASILY PUT….  Cells are swimming in glucose (their food) but starving to death because of insulin issues.
  • 3.  Type I: Destruction of beta cells-> decreased insulin production->uncontrolled glucose production-> HYPERGLYCEMIA  Type II: Decreased sensitivity of insulin receptor to insulin-> less uptake of glucose-> HYPERGLYCEMIA REMEMBER the concept ~Sugar Into The Cells~
  • 4.  Other types include Secondary Diabetes: › Genetic defect beta cell or insulin › Disease of pancreas › Drug/chemical induced › Infections-pancreatitits  Gestational › overweight; risk for Type 2 Type 1 – IDDM  LITTLE to NO Insulin  20-30% Hereditary  Ketoacidosis Type 2– NIDDM  some insulin produced  90% hereditary
  • 5.  Classic 3 P’s  Fatigue  Body Weakness  Weight Changes  Visual Changes  Slow Wound Healing/ Recurrent Skin infections  Laboratory Tests-> FBS/fasting blood sugar >7.0 mmol/L  Family Hx diabetes  Race/Ethnicity  Age  Hypertension  Hyperlipidemia  Hx of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus  Other signs and symptoms of diabetes complications
  • 6. Chronic MACROVASCULAR  Cardiovascular disease  Cerebrovascular disease MICROVASCULAR  Retinopathy (vision) problems  Diabetic neuropathy  Diabetic nephropathy  Male erectile dysfunction Acute  Diabetic ketoacidosis  Hyperglycemic- hyperosmolar-nonketotic syndrome  Hypoglycemia from too much insulin or too little glucose
  • 7. Diabetes can be managed or controlled by:  Educating patient about diabetes  Exercising regularly  Eating a healthy well balanced diet  Avoiding smoking (people with diabetes who smoke are at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular complications).  Avoid alcohol  Pharmacologic Therapy Type One: Insulin Injections given subcutaneously Type Two: Oral Medication, such as Metformin
  • 8. Hot + Dry = Sugar High Cold n Clammy= Need Some Candy
  • 9. ch?ch? v=NnIWDxuZKUo&feature=rv=NnIWDxuZKUo&feature=r elatedelated AndAnd ForFor AllAll YouYou VViissuuaall Learners,Learners, HeresHeres AA Treat:Treat: