Laying a foundation for Differentiated Instruction
Laying a Foundation for Differentiation “Differentiation is not a destination, but a journey towards expertise.” - Cindy Strickland, 2010
DisclaimerThis presentation is a summary of the first half of a full day workshop that Cindy Strickland gave in Surrey on Oct 26, 2010 titled “Refining Our Practice”.What I am presenting are the key points that resonated most with my own practice. I have summarized, paraphrased and organized the points that I feel are most helpful for introducing the ideas she presented.
Know The Key Principles of Differentiated Instruction What Differentiated Instruction IS What Differentiated Instruction IS NOT What a “good curriculum” looks like
Understand That DI is a way of thinking about teaching & learning. Starting with a good curriculum is important. Knowing, Doing, and Understanding are different but interconnected parts of a good curriculum. DI involves a complex set of skills that take time and support to develop.
Be able to DO Develop a unit plan that indicates what students will: – Know – Understand – Be Able to Do Talk about DI with any teacher who is open to it.
Introduction to DIDifferentiated Instruction is a way of thinking about teaching and learning.The key principles are: 1. Start with a Good curriculum 2. Commit to Ongoing Assessment (especially pre-assessment) 3. Build a respectful classroom environment 4. Give Students Respectful Tasks 5. Use Flexible Grouping
Pre-assessmentYour thoughts on Differentiated Instruction What does it look like? How would one do it? What are the challenges? What are the benefits?
DI is NOT… NEW IEP’s for all Streaming Constant Group Work Occasional Variation of Teaching Style “On the spot” adjustments
DI is…Accepting the reality that kids differ and that the most effective teachers do whatever it takes to hook the whole range of kids on learning. Tomlinson (2001)
DI is… Teaching with student variation in mind Multiple options for: – taking in information – making sense of ideas – expressing what they learn Meeting students where they are Responsive Teaching (rather than one size fits all) Being very intentional in the planning
DI is…A mindset where a teacher works towards creating a classroom that accommodates a range of: • Readiness levels • Interests • Learning styles
Time for You to Try This Think of a unit (or presentation) that you are currently working on or planning for Design a “good” curriculum that delineates what the learners should – Know – Be Able to Do – Understand that…
Summary of Key Principles of DI1. Start with a good curriculum2. Commit to on-going assessment (especially pre-assessment)3. Build a respectful classroom environment4. Give Students Respectful Tasks5. Use Flexible Grouping
As we end…Differentiated Instruction… Involves a complex set of skills that take time and support to develop Starts with a good curriculum