The Great Depression hit California later
than the rest of the country because of
the state's diversified agricultural,
industrial, entertainment, tourist, and
Those residents who remained in the
service economy during this time did
In the 1860s, the unionist movement
gained strength, and set the stage for
violence and turmoil in the 1870's.
The Chinese immigrants were seen as a
On May 4, 1886, during a rally for an
eight-hour workday, a bomb exploded.
In 1893 the labor movement
experienced a setback when a
A citywide San Francisco labor council
was organized in December 1892
During the course of a strike for the
metal trades, the headquarters of the
Times was bombed on the morning
of October 1, 1910.
This severely impeded the union
movement in Los Angeles for the
next quarter of a century.
On April 30, 1919, the Criminal
Syndicalism Act was passed
◦ It was made a felony punishable by 1-
14 years in prison to in any way
advocate violence as a means of trying
to accomplish a change in industrial
ownership or control effecting any
In 1927 the Mexican American field
workers organized the Confederation
of Mexican Workers.
It was a Union.
The organization submitted a list of
demands for wages and working
conditions in May 1928