Unit 1 First Americans Student A


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Unit 1 First Americans Student A

  1. 1. America In The Who were Beginning the first Americans? 30,000 years ago This caused This land bridge During a period of ocean levels to is known as How and low temperatures _drop_____ ____Beringia___ why did they called an and expose ___. come here? _______ice age___ ____land______. The world was In the Bering Animals like covered in mammoths straight a __land ______glaciers___ crossed the bridge__________ __ appeared bridge or or sheets of ice. connecting ____migrated___ ___The ____ to the Americas_______ America's. _____& Siberia (Asia)__________ _____
  2. 2. What America In The happened when they Beginning came to America? How did they The ice age Living in many Hunter's in Asia meet their new ended different parts of the who moved from needs? ____warming___ Americas the place to place to find food or _____ up glaciers Natives needed to _____nomads_____ adjust or causing water __ followed the _adapt________ to levels to every thing in the mammoths and _____rise_____ new surrounds that spread out or _______migrated__ covering up the made up each of __ to the America's _____land____ their own ___bridge_____. ______environments Some animals _____ died off like in order to ______survive____. __mammoth____ ______.
  3. 3. How did Native America In The Americans Beginning adjust to the new environments Living in many different Different groups in Many Native ? parts of the Americas different American have these environments things in common. the Natives used the developed their own 1. Nature has a spirit different natural What did they beliefs and ways of & believe in many ___resources________ gods________. have in life or in their own different ______culture_______ 2. No one can own common? environments for food, __. Groups in the land__________. clothing, and shelter. same environments 4. Only use what is adapted similar life needed (no styles, and language waste)__________. creating cultural 5. Trade was region____ important to most _________. societies
  4. 4. 8 Cultural Regions California Great Basin Great Plains South East North West Coast Plateau Eastern South West Woodlands
  5. 5. 8 Cultural Regions
  6. 6. North West Coast Weather: long cold winters cool summers heavy rainfall Natural Resources: ocean/beaches thick forests of fir, spruce, and cedar rugged mountains seafood/salmon deer, moose, bear, elk, beaver, mountain goats Used cedar canoes to hunt Fenced in salmon laying eggs used cedar to make rope, mats and baskets shell needles used wedges, sledge hammers, drills, and knifes to carve wooden masks Clothing: Cedar water proof clothing like capes with decorative shell buttons Shelter: lived near the coast Cedar Long Houses with cedar bark roofs
  7. 7. California Weather: rainy winters hot dry summers Natural Resources: ocean/coast foothills valley's deserts mountains acorns, oak trees grass, and plants redwood trees salmon/seafood/shellfish deer, rabbits, ducks, roots berries, pine nuts Used Bows& arrows, snares, and nets, used cooking stones to heat acorn meal tools from antlers Clothing: grass/leather aprons and skirts Shelter: Cone shaped made of redwood bark, pole, and reeds woven into mats
  8. 8. Great Basin Weather: little rain hot during the day cold at night Natural Resources: mostly dessert low areas surrounded by mountains at the edges with valleys that had seasonal lakes and streams plants that need little water like grasses, sagebrush, pinon trees, at the outer edges pine trees, and willow small animals rabbits, lizards, grasshoppers, snakes sometimes ducks , duck eggs during certain seasons Seeds, berries pine nuts, roots, cattail Tools: water baskets sealed with tree sap Floating duck decoys, nets, sharp sticks, flat baskets for catching seeds Clothing: rabbit robes in winter Shelter: Nomadic temporary cone shelters of willow, brush and reeds
  9. 9. Plateau Weather: long cold winters comfortable summers Natural Resources: mountains with dense forests in areas flatter in the center with drier grass lands rivers driftwood, mud, dirt, grass and sage brush fish, antelope, deer, seeds onions, carrots, camas roots, salmon Tools: water baskets sealed with tree sap Floating duck decoys, nets, sharp sticks, flat baskets for catching seeds Clothing: rabbit robes in winter Shelter: Nomadic temporary cone shelters of willow, brush and reeds
  10. 10. Great Plains Weather: cold winters hot summers Natural Resources: mountains surrounding edges treeless grasslands in the center east more water and softer soil west drier dense grass Buffalo and smaller animals Tools: woven baskets, willow digging sticks, wooden fishing platforms, nets, and spears for salmon Clothing: antelope and deer hides leggings, dresses and skirts, woven hats, seed and shell designs Shelter: near rivers, partly under ground out of driftwood, mud, sap, and reeds
  11. 11. South West Weather: high temperatures little rain dry/arid Natural Resources: mountains, canyons desserts, flat top mesas rivers, little water clay, brightly colored plants, cotton corn, beans, squash, peppers, rabbits Large thick walled houses made of bricks of adobe(sun baked clay). Up to 4 stories and had hundreds of rooms. Called pueblos. Clothes were made of cotton that they grew. Using plants and minerals, they dyed the fabric Lived near naturally flooded areas. Men dug irrigation ditches, and also built dams to
  12. 12. Eastern Woodlands Weather: snowy winters , rain Natural Resources: rivers, ocean/coast lots of lakes and streams Forests, plants, maple trees, elm, deer, bears, beavers, birds, fish corn, sunflowers, tobacco, vegetables, nuts, berries Long House: Sturdy, log-framed houses covered with elm bark, about 20 feet wide and over 100 feet long. Several related families live in sections of the house. Skirts, capes, and moccasins were made out of deer skins. Women ground corn with wooden sticks . Men often paddled on the rivers and streams in log and bark canoes . They trapped beavers, hunted deer, bear, caught birds, and speared fish.
  13. 13. South East Weather: long warm humid summers mild winters Natural Resources: rivers, ocean/coast Fertile coastal plains mountains, swamps Trees, clay, shells, corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, sunflowers, sweet potatoes squirrels, rabbits, turkeys, deer, alligators, turtles, wild rice, persimmons Houses were made from strips of young trees woven into a rectangular frame, then plastered with clay. These houses had pointed roofs made of leaves. Towns included many mounds, first mounds were burial sights, but others were larger, and used as platforms for temples.