• Ronald Reagan was born on
February 6th, 1911
• 40th President – Served
from 1981 to 1989
• Two Terms
• Reagan Revolution: created
to help people rely on the
• 1966- Elected Governor of
• He was president of the
Screen Acotor’s Guild
• 69 days after elected, he
• Recovered quickly from gun wound and went straight back
• “Peace through Strength”
• Maintained the free flow of oil during the Iran-Iraq war
• Reagan Doctrine: Supported anti-communist groups in
Central America, Africa, and Asia
• He was an influential American conservative
• He wanted to combine conservative schools and forge
them into a political movement
• Traditionalists, Capitalists, Anti-Communists
• Reagan saw something essential to the American cause in
each strand of conservatism
quot;We, the members of the New
Republican Party, believe that
the preservation and
enhancement of the values that
strengthen and protect
individual freedom, family life,
neighborhoods and the liberty
of our beloved nation should be
at the heart of any legislative or
political program presented to
the American people.quot; —Ronald
Wilson Reagan (1911 - 2004)
Movement & Reagan
• Ronald Reagan and his legacy stood for the conservative revolution
in America, centered on family and religion.
• He was the first modern conservative president
• During his term, Reagan adopted policies that eventually brought
down the Iron Curtain; this made the world safer and freer than
anyone could have hoped when the risky 1980's began.
• Ronald Reagan had previously been an actor, appears in such shows
as Death Valley Days.
• He believed in New Federalism, this was a plan, announced in 1969,
to turn over the control of some federal programs to state and local
governments and institute block grants, revenue sharing, etc.
• Conservative Movement- mostly with republicans, its core
principles are God and the Country.
• Against Liberal ideas.
Movement & Reagan
• In 1980 renewed support for religious and national values as well as strong
opposition to high taxes, government controls, and federal spending accounted for
the ascendancy of the conservatives within the Republican Party.
• This led to the defeat of many liberal senators and representatives in the 1980
national election and the victory of the Republican presidential candidate, Ronald
• The conservatives as a whole and their most vocal wing—called the New Right—
challenged liberalism vigorously, calling for a return to basic individualistic values
in the economy and society.
• They successfully urged more limited growth of domestic spending, a strong
defense posture, and a more explicitly anti-Communist foreign policy
• Although they met with less success in efforts to outlaw abortion, legalize prayer in
public schools, and enact New Right positions on other social, religious, and family
issues, they continued their efforts in these directions throughout the 1980s.
• The guaranteed election of a non-conservative President on November 4, 2009
represents the end of the conservative movement in America.
End of Cold War…
“EAT MY SHORTS!”
Cold War goes GLOBAL!
• Soviet Union would not allow free
elections in the area they controlled
and it continued to attempt to spread
communism around the world.
• People in Poland, Hungary and
Czechoslovakia resented control
exerted by Soviet Union.
• Workers in Poland rioted against
soviet rule and one greater control of
• Hungarian students and workers
organized huge demonstrations and
demanded the pro-soviet Hungary
officials be replaced, soviet troops be
withdrawn and that noncommunist
political parties be organized.
End of Cold War
• Eisenhower’s massive retaliation approach was powerless
• The Hungarian revolt added a new level of hostility to international relations.
• As cold war tensions increased, Egypt’s president Gamal Abdel Nasser tried to use
the U.S. Soviet rivalry to his advantage.
• Nasser wanted to construct a dam on the Nile River at Aswan.
• Nasser nationalized the Suez cannel placing it under government control.
• Britain and France used the Suez crisis as an excuse to seize control as the Suez
• The three nations had counted on Eisenhower’s support and when it didn’t come
they were forced to withdraw their troops from Egypt.
• In response to soviet influences in the middle east and else where the president
made a statement in January 1957 that became known as the Eisenhower
• The Eisenhower administration also used the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in
its struggle against communism.
• Congress created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
• Spy cases worry Americans
• Two sensational spy trials drew the
nation’s intention to the threat posed
as communist’s agents working to
subvert the United States.
• Hiss had worked on several important
new deal agencies and helped to
organize the United Nations.
• Chambers turned against communism
because of the brutality of Stalins rule
• Hiss appeared before House un-
American activities Comity (HUAC)
and denied he was a communist and
in Espionage agent.
I spy with my little
• Hiss was tried for perjury
and was sentenced to five
years in prison.
• Klaus Fuchs was charged for
sending atomic secrets to
the Soviet Union
• The trial of Rosenberg’s
controversy in America and
around the world.
• After 26 months on death
row, the Rosenberg’s were
electrocuted in 1953.
Time to get workin’ on
that crossword! You
can do it! Just make
sure you stretch
But first some Body Fuzion!