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Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
Methods Of Training
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Methods Of Training

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On the job …

On the job
Off the job

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  • 1. Methods of training
    Presentation By
    Group- 3
  • 2. TRAINING
    In simple words it can be defined as equipping employees with required knowledge and skills for the job.
  • 3. WHY TRAINING?
    Dynamic Business Environment
    Technological Advances
  • 4. Advantages of Training
    Increased Productivity
    Reduced Accidents
    Reduced Supervision
    Heightened Morale
  • 5. TYPES OF TRAINING
    On the job training
    Off the job training
  • 6. On the Job Training
    It refers to new or inexperienced employees learning through observing peers or managers performing the job and trying to imitate their behavior.
  • 7. Methods of on the Job Training
    COACHING
    MENTORING
    JOB ROTATION
    JOB INSTRUCTION TECHNIQUE
  • 8. COACHING
    It is one to one interaction
    Considered as corrective measure for inadequate performance.
    Helps in identifying weaknesses and focuses on areas which needs improvement.
  • 9. MENTORING
    Mentoring focus on attitude development.
    Conducted for management-level employees
    Mentoring is done by someone inside the company
    It is one-to-one interaction
    It helps in identifying weaknesses and focus on the area that needs improvement
  • 10. Advantages of “On-the –job” Methods
    Generally more cost effective
    Less disruptive to the business - i.e. employees are not away from work
    Training with equipment they are familiar with and people they know can help them
    Gain direct experience to a standard approved by the employer
    On the job training is also productive, as the employee is still working as they are learning
  • 11. Off-the-Job Training Method
    Trainee is separated from the job environment
    Take place at training agency or local college, training centres
    Study materials
    Fully concentrate on learning rather than
    performing
    Freedom of expression
  • 12. Types of Off the Job methods
    Vestibule Training
    Management Games
    Role Playing
    Films
    Lecture Methods
    Outbound Training
  • 13. Vestibule Training
    Actual work conditions are simulated
    Materials, files and equipments are used
    Duration ranges from few days to a few weeks
    Theory can be related to practice here
  • 14. Advantages
    • Training becomes more reality-based.
    • 15. Directly applies to jobs.
    • 16. Increases the chances of retention.
    • 17. Prevents trainees from making costly mistakes or damaging equipment.
    • 18. Allows instructors to give more personalized attention to the learners.
  • Disadvantages
    Time Consuming
    Expensive
    Trainer has to be very skilled
    There has to be elaborate setups for the same
  • 19. Management Games
    To improve decision making and analytical skills.
    To develop awareness of the need to make decisions lacking complete information.
    To develop an understanding of the interrelationships
    To develop the ability to function cooperatively and effectively in a small group situation.
  • 20. Types of management Games
    Executive Games are general management games and cover all functional areas {like planning, decision making, etc} of business and their interactions and dynamics. Executive games are designed to train general executives. 
    Functional Games, on the other hand, focus on middle management decisions and emphasize particular functional areas {like Marketing or HR} of the firm. 
  • 21. ROLE PLAYING
    Is the method of human interaction that involves realistic behavior in imaginary situations.
  • 22. Benefits of Role playing
    Developing interpersonal skills and communication skills
    Conflict resolution
    Group decision making
    Developing insight into one’s own behavior and its impact on others
  • 23. Types of Role play
    Multiple role play
    Single role play
    Role rotation
    Spontaneous role play
  • 24. Films/Video Presentations
    Content for the training experience comes primarily from a videotape or computer-based program.
    Interest of the audience can be maintained by showing them audio visuals
    Easy to handle and explain
    Provides a lot of content to talk about
  • 25. Advantages & Disadvantages
    Advantages –
    Easy to train and the trainer can follow up with questions and discussions
    Assured to provide same information to all the trainees
    Disadvantages–
    Expensive to develop
    Such type of training has to be outsourced which may make the training less content specific.
  • 26. Outbound Training
    Outdoor and action-oriented programs through experiential learning
    Develops Leadership, teamwork and risk-taking abilities
    Interesting as compared to classroom leaning
    Conducted by professionals who are very cooperative
  • 27. Advantages
    Trainees can immediately see the consequences of wrong actions
    Materialistically enhance their thinking and behavior
  • 28. Disadvantages
    Work time has to be allotted for it.
    Interest of the participants is required.
  • 29. Lecture Method
    Lecture is traditional & direct method of instruction.
    It is a verbal presentation of information by an instructor to a large audience.
    The lecture must motivate & create interest among the trainees in order to become effective
    It is presumed to posses a considerable depth of knowledge of subject at hand.
    This method is used mainly in college and universities
  • 30. Advantages
    Less time required for preparation
    Provides lots of information quickly
    Cost per trainee is very low
  • 31. Disadvantages
    Does not involve trainees too much.
    Trainees may forget the teaching as it is presented only orally.
  • 32. Few Other Methods
    In-Basket Exercise 
    Also known as In-tray method of training.
    The trainee is presented with a pack of papers & files in a tray containing administrative problems & is asked to take decisions on these problems & are asked to take decisions on these within a stipulated time.
    The decisions taken by the trainees are compared with one another. The trainees are provided feedback on their performance.
  • 33. Cont….
    Experiential Exercises
    Usually short, structured learning experiences where individuals learn by doing.
    For instance, rather than talking about inter-personal conflicts & how to deal with them,
    an experiential exercise could be used to create a conflict situation where employees have to experience a conflict personally & work out its solutions.
  • 34. Cont….
    Cases
    Present an in depth description of a particular problem an employee might encounter on the job.
    The employee attempts to find and analyze the problem, evaluate alternative courses of action & decide what course of action would be most satisfactory.
  • 35. Advantages of “Off-the –job” Methods
    Learn from specialists in that area of work who can provide more in-depth study
    Can more easily deal with groups of workers at the same time
    Employees respond better when taken away from pressures of working environment
    Workers may be able to obtain qualifications or certificates
  • 36. Disadvantages of “Off-the –job” Methods
    The trainer should have specialised skills and knowledge to train
    The trainer may not be given much time to spend with the employee to teach them properly
    The trainer may posses bad habits and pass these on to the trainee

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