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  1. 1. Anyely Fernández Delis Soto Diana Paternina
  2. 2. “ An apt quotation is like a lamp which flings its light over the whole sentence.” Letitia Landon
  3. 3. <ul><li>To illuminate the meaning or to support the arguments of the work in which it is being quoted. </li></ul><ul><li>To provide direct information about the work being quoted. </li></ul><ul><li>Quotations can provide important pieces of evidence and lend fresh voices and perspectives to your narrative. </li></ul>Reasons for using quotations
  4. 4. . When should we quote? <ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>To show an evidence: well-balanced papers may also make use of paraphrases, data, and statistics. </li></ul><ul><li>Use quotations at strategically selected moments </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing specific arguments or ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Giving added emphasis to a particularly authoritative source on your topic </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Quotation Guidelines <ul><li>Rule 1: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a comma to set off a direct quotation from the other words in a sentence. Place the comma outside the quotation marks at the beginning of a quotation and inside the quotation marks at the end of a quotation. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Examples <ul><li>John F. Kennedy proclaimed , “ Things do not happen. Things are made to happen.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Examples <ul><li>“ Either you’re the one erasing or you’re the one being erased ,” added Jim Carrey. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Quotation Guidelines <ul><li>Rule 2: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the quotation is a question or an exclamation, place the question mark or an exclamation point inside of the quotation marks . Do not add a comma. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Examples <ul><li>“ How come you never see a headline like 'Psychic Wins Lottery' ?” Jay Leno asked. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Quotation Guidelines <ul><li>Rule 3: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes a quotation is divided and each part is in quotation marks. If the second part of the divided quotation continues the original sentence, begin it with a lower case letter. If it starts a new sentence, use a capital letter. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Examples <ul><li>“ Dream as if you’ll live forever ,” replied James. “L ive as if you’ll die today.” </li></ul>
  12. 12. How do we set up and follow up a quotation? <ul><li>1. Provide a context for each quotation. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Attribute each quotation to its source. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>3. Explain the significance of the quotation. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Provide a citation for the quotation. </li></ul><ul><li>In general, you should remember one rule of thumb: Place the parenthetical reference or footnote/endnote number after—not within—the closed quotation mark. </li></ul><ul><li>Example :Roosevelt declared, &quot;The only thing we have to fear is fear itself&quot; (Roosevelt, Public Papers 11). </li></ul>
  14. 14. How much should we quote? <ul><li>As few words as possible. Remember, your paper should primarily contain your own words, so quote only the most pithy and memorable parts of sources. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Bibliography <ul><li>Barzun, Jacques and Henry F. Graff. The Modern Researcher. 6th Edition. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>Booth, Wayne C., Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams. The Craft of Research, 2nd Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th Edition. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. 6th Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>THANKS </li></ul>