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Argumentative essays
Argumentative essays
Argumentative essays
Argumentative essays
Argumentative essays
Argumentative essays
Argumentative essays
Argumentative essays
Argumentative essays
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Argumentative essays

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  • 1. Argumentative Essays
  • 2. Use <ul><li>When you have an opinion and try to convince your listener or reader to accept your opinion. </li></ul><ul><li>When you are agreeing or disagreeing with something or someone. </li></ul>
  • 3. Types of argumentative compositions : <ul><ul><ul><li>Advantages and disadvantages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expressing opinions/ providing solutions to problems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expressing arguments for and against a topic </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 4. Purpose of Argumentative Essays <ul><li>An argument follows when two groups disagree about something. </li></ul><ul><li>An argumentative essay is also one that attempts/tries to change the readers mind, to convince the reader to agree with the point of view of the writer. </li></ul><ul><li>Argumentative essays attempt to be highly persuasive and logical. </li></ul><ul><li>When writing an argumentative essay assume that your reader disagrees with you, but remember your reader is no less intelligent than you. </li></ul><ul><li>Write objectively, logically, and respectfully </li></ul>
  • 5. Planning/ Organizing the Argumentative Essay <ul><ul><ul><li>The argumentative essay should introduce and explain the issue or case . The reader needs to understand what the issue is going to be. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The essay should offer reasons and support for those reasons. The essay should prove its point </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The essay should refute (prove wrong) opposing arguments . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion. Restate your premise and summarize the reasons your thesis makes sense. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>There are three possible organization patterns: </li></ul><ul><li>( PROS :supporting ideas and CONS: opposing ideas)of an argumentative issue.) </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis statement: </li></ul><ul><li>PRO idea 1 </li></ul><ul><li>PRO idea 2 </li></ul><ul><li>CON(s) + Refutation(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>Pattern 2: </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis statement: </li></ul><ul><li>CON(s) + Refutation(s) </li></ul><ul><li>PRO idea 1 </li></ul><ul><li>PRO idea 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern 3: </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis statement: </li></ul><ul><li>CON idea 1 -----> Refutation </li></ul><ul><li>CON idea 2 -----> Refutation </li></ul><ul><li>CON idea 3 -----> Refutation </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  • 8. Tips <ul><li>Avoid strong feelings (e.g. nobody does this, it is impossible to disagree with me) </li></ul><ul><li>Use generalizations (e.g. people say/believe/consider) </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use generalization (e.g. everybody believes that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use strong personal expressions (e.g. I think) </li></ul><ul><li>Use linking words (e.g. therefore, although, however etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Use sequencing (e.g. firstly, secondly, lastly) </li></ul><ul><li>Make reference to other sources (e.g. The government claims that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Give examples- not personal thoughts (e.g. products such as sprayer can destroy the environment) </li></ul><ul><li>Give up banal (unoriginal, boring) introductions. Write something more original (Don’t write: This topic has been important since ancient times.) </li></ul>
  • 9. <ul><li>Thanks </li></ul>

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