Argumentative essays
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  • 1. Argumentative Essays
  • 2. Use
    • When you have an opinion and try to convince your listener or reader to accept your opinion.
    • When you are agreeing or disagreeing with something or someone.
  • 3. Types of argumentative compositions :
        • Advantages and disadvantages
        • Expressing opinions/ providing solutions to problems
        • Expressing arguments for and against a topic
  • 4. Purpose of Argumentative Essays
    • An argument follows when two groups disagree about something.
    • An argumentative essay is also one that attempts/tries to change the readers mind, to convince the reader to agree with the point of view of the writer.
    • Argumentative essays attempt to be highly persuasive and logical.
    • When writing an argumentative essay assume that your reader disagrees with you, but remember your reader is no less intelligent than you.
    • Write objectively, logically, and respectfully
  • 5. Planning/ Organizing the Argumentative Essay
        • The argumentative essay should introduce and explain the issue or case . The reader needs to understand what the issue is going to be.
        • The essay should offer reasons and support for those reasons. The essay should prove its point
        • The essay should refute (prove wrong) opposing arguments .
        • Conclusion. Restate your premise and summarize the reasons your thesis makes sense.
  • 6.
    • There are three possible organization patterns:
    • ( PROS :supporting ideas and CONS: opposing ideas)of an argumentative issue.)
    • Pattern 1:
    • Thesis statement:
    • PRO idea 1
    • PRO idea 2
    • CON(s) + Refutation(s)
    • Conclusion
  • 7.
    • Pattern 2:
    • Thesis statement:
    • CON(s) + Refutation(s)
    • PRO idea 1
    • PRO idea 2
    • Conclusion
    • Pattern 3:
    • Thesis statement:
    • CON idea 1 -----> Refutation
    • CON idea 2 -----> Refutation
    • CON idea 3 -----> Refutation
    • Conclusion
  • 8. Tips
    • Avoid strong feelings (e.g. nobody does this, it is impossible to disagree with me)
    • Use generalizations (e.g. people say/believe/consider)
    • Do not use generalization (e.g. everybody believes that…)
    • Do not use strong personal expressions (e.g. I think)
    • Use linking words (e.g. therefore, although, however etc.)
    • Use sequencing (e.g. firstly, secondly, lastly)
    • Make reference to other sources (e.g. The government claims that…)
    • Give examples- not personal thoughts (e.g. products such as sprayer can destroy the environment)
    • Give up banal (unoriginal, boring) introductions. Write something more original (Don’t write: This topic has been important since ancient times.)
  • 9.
    • Thanks