- When you have an opinion and try to convince your listener or reader to accept your opinion.
- When you are agreeing or disagreeing with something or someone.
Types of argumentative compositions :
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Expressing opinions/ providing solutions to problems
- Expressing arguments for and against a topic
Purpose of Argumentative Essays
- An argument follows when two groups disagree about something.
- An argumentative essay is also one that attempts/tries to change the readers mind, to convince the reader to agree with the point of view of the writer.
- Argumentative essays attempt to be highly persuasive and logical.
- When writing an argumentative essay assume that your reader disagrees with you, but remember your reader is no less intelligent than you.
- Write objectively, logically, and respectfully
Planning/ Organizing the Argumentative Essay
- The argumentative essay should introduce and explain the issue or case . The reader needs to understand what the issue is going to be.
- The essay should offer reasons and support for those reasons. The essay should prove its point
- The essay should refute (prove wrong) opposing arguments .
- Conclusion. Restate your premise and summarize the reasons your thesis makes sense.
- There are three possible organization patterns:
- ( PROS :supporting ideas and CONS: opposing ideas)of an argumentative issue.)
- CON idea 1 -----> Refutation
- CON idea 2 -----> Refutation
- CON idea 3 -----> Refutation
- Avoid strong feelings (e.g. nobody does this, it is impossible to disagree with me)
- Use generalizations (e.g. people say/believe/consider)
- Do not use generalization (e.g. everybody believes that…)
- Do not use strong personal expressions (e.g. I think)
- Use linking words (e.g. therefore, although, however etc.)
- Use sequencing (e.g. firstly, secondly, lastly)
- Make reference to other sources (e.g. The government claims that…)
- Give examples- not personal thoughts (e.g. products such as sprayer can destroy the environment)
- Give up banal (unoriginal, boring) introductions. Write something more original (Don’t write: This topic has been important since ancient times.)