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CbD

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An investigation into the geography of the CBD in Vancouver. For EDEXCEL AS Geography

An investigation into the geography of the CBD in Vancouver. For EDEXCEL AS Geography

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  • 1. CBD Central Business District
  • 2. List of typical CBD characteristics
    • It has a distinct land use pattern that can be delimited from the rest of the settlement.
    • It is the geographical centre of the settlement.
    • It contains the settlement's main public buildings.
    • It contains the major retail outlets (though this is becoming less often the case, especially in the United States ).
    • Similar activities within it are concentrated in certain areas ( functional zoning ).
    • It features vertical zoning.
    • It has the greatest concentration and number of pedestrians and traffic in general.
    • It is a focal point for transport.
    • It contains the greatest proportion of the settlement's offices.
    • It has the tallest buildings in the region to maximize land use.
    • It has the highest land values of the region.
    • It attracts people from outside its sphere of influence to work and spend money inside.
    • It is advancing into new areas ( assimilation ) and/or losing old commercial functions (discard).
  • 3. How much of this can we relate to Vancouver?
  • 4. Theory Vancouver To what extent does central Vancouver exhibit the characteristics of a CBD?
    • It has a distinct land use pattern.
    • It is the geographical centre of the settlement.
    • It contains the settlement's main public buildings.
    • It contains the major retail outlets
    • Similar activities within it are concentrated in certain areas
    • It features vertical zoning.
    • It has the greatest concentration and number of pedestrians and traffic in general.
    • It is a focal point for transport.
    • It contains the greatest proportion of the settlement's offices.
    • It has the tallest buildings in the region to maximize land use.
    • It has the highest land values of the region.
    • It attracts people from outside its sphere of influence to work and spend money inside.
    • It is advancing into new areas ( assimilation) and/or losing old commercial functions (discard).
    • Yes
    • Kind of? Cities of Vancouver, North Vancouver, West Vancouver & Burnaby –explain (map)
    • Yes –give examples
    • Yes- name streets e.g. Robson
    • Clustering –yes, give e.gs
    • ? Need to investigate if possible
    • ? 1 st and 2 nd Narrows bridge
    • Yes
    • Yes
    • Yes –investigate if possible –cost?
    • Census data –to investigate
    • Re-development & historic centres e.g. Gastown & Granville Island -expand
  • 5. High Rise Buildings
    • The skyline is dramatic evidence of a unique and lasting love affair with the high-rise condo. Per capita, no city in North America has as many residential high-rises as Vancouver. Likely because people want views of the mountains and water, or maybe the fact that the city has nowhere to go but up. After all, the population density is highest on the continent following New York City and San Francisco.
    • Most of Vancouver's tall buildings are apartment towers and today more and more are either under construction or on the drawing boards. There just seems to be no end to the trend for wanting to live downtown that began in the 60's, boomed in the 90's, breaking records today
  • 6. To what extent is there a correlation between age & height of the building?
  • 7. Max.1
    • Bordering street Beatty Street
    • Complex Marina Pointe
    • Zone Concord Pacific Place Community Downtown
    • City Vancouver Country Canada
  • 8. Clustering of Land Use: Robson Street
  • 9. To what extent are restaurants clustered on Robson St?
  • 10. Measuring Clustering 1
    • Superimpose a grid onto the map
    • Allocate grid references
    • Note the six figure grid reference of each of the locations that you wish to include in your survey, identifying x and y co-ordinates e.g. X 346 Y 223 and set out in a table.
    • Calculate the mean of x and the mean of y. This is the mean centre
  • 11. Now measure the degree of clustering around the mean
    • Measure the distance from each point to the mean. Calculate the average dispersion around the mean & plot it onto the map as a zone.
    • Are most sites within this zone? If so the land use can be described as clustered. If not, then it is dispersed.
  • 12. Nearest neighbour analysis is a more detailed quantative technique that could have been used.
  • 13. What is a flagship development? How can they help to regenerate the CBD? For Monday please!