Bradley Farm Case Study


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Agricultural change in the EEC- case study

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Bradley Farm Case Study

  1. 1. Example of Diversification on a Sheep farm . Bradley Farm, South-West Northumberland (Near Hadrian’s Wall).
  2. 2. Bradley Farm : Introduction <ul><li>Situated in south west Northumberland in Hadrian's Wall Country, Bradley is a 200ha hill farm with sheep and suckler cow enterprises. </li></ul><ul><li>The Farm has recently joined with another neighbouring farm, East Bog Farm and the land size has subsequently grown </li></ul><ul><li>The farm is owned by the National Trust and Julian and Lesley Acton have been tenants here since 1987 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Physical features <ul><li>Bradley Farm is situated on the southern dip slope of the Whin Sill, just below Hadrian's Wall. </li></ul><ul><li>Relief: The farm slopes gently to the south. </li></ul><ul><li>Altitude: 180-300m above sea level </li></ul><ul><li>Soil Types: Slowly permeable, seasonally waterlogged fine loams and clayey soils. Slowly permeable sub-surface horizons cause surface waterlogging. so that excess winter rainfall moves laterally at shallow depth. Topsoil is easily damaged if trafficked when wet. Locally variable with slope and depth to rock. </li></ul><ul><li>Average annual rainfall: 50inch per year </li></ul>
  4. 4. Human Factors <ul><li>Lying within the Northumberland National Park, the land is in the Roman Wall Escarpments SSSI and Hadrian's Wall W orld H eritage S ite. </li></ul><ul><li>Access - Housesteads Roman Fort towards the east of the farm has a visitors' centre and a car park. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a public footpath from the car park to the fort along Hadrian's Wall which is the farm's northern boundary. Other footpaths link the Roman wall to the road across the farm. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Buildings <ul><li>The Buildings making up the farm are: </li></ul><ul><li>The Farmhouse </li></ul><ul><li>The old byre </li></ul><ul><li>Modern wooden cow shed (built in 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>Modern wooden calf shed </li></ul><ul><li>Building used for fattening lambs and housing for ewes in winter </li></ul><ul><li>Building used for calving boxes and cattle management </li></ul><ul><li>Building used for hay storage, housing calves and as a maternity area at lambing time </li></ul><ul><li>The old calf house is used for the farm dogs </li></ul><ul><li>The old stables were converted into an education room with adjoining toilets for use by school groups </li></ul><ul><li>Old garage converted to Farm Office </li></ul><ul><li>The farm has its own concrete sheep dip facility </li></ul>
  6. 6. Bradley Farm in 2000
  7. 7. Inputs £ 5500 Fuel £ 5000 Machine repairs £10000 Labour £ 1500 Straw £ 1700 Fertilizer £ 6000 Silage & Hay Making £ 7800 Vets & Medicine £12000 92 tons Bought in animal feed Main farm costs 2003
  8. 8. Concerns <ul><li>The main concern is the recent C AP reforms which may affect the direction to take the farm in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Subsidies will no longer be linked to production but on acreage based calculations. </li></ul><ul><li>The suckler herd will no longer be profitable if the subsidies which the farm currently receive are taken away. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Diversification <ul><li>Julian has a contract for grass cutting at schools and military barracks. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2003 the National Trust employed Lesley as a part-time 'Learning Officer' to interpret the countryside for school and other groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Bradley Farm have started selling th ei r own Beef and Lamb directly under the trading name of Hadrian's Wall Beef and Lamb. Selected stock is taken to Weardale for slaughter and packaging every 3 weeks. Lesley and Julian deliver locally and use a courier to deliver nationally. They are determined to stay small due to associated economic problems. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Impact of Wildlife <ul><li>Animal :Rabbits (lots of) Effect : Eat grass (bad) Undermining archaeological interest areas (bad) </li></ul><ul><li>Animal: Badgers (around 50) Effect: No major nuisance. </li></ul><ul><li>Animal : Birds (lots of types) Effect: No problem - good sign of a healthy farm </li></ul>
  11. 11. Produce a limerick for this case study. There once was an Who lived in an Once he got squashed by a That was meant for the And ended up eating his
  12. 12. There once was an old farmer called Bradley Who lived in an enormous great valley. Once he got squashed by a big lamb chop That was meant for the shops And ended up eating his crops. ????????????????????????????????????????