A Future for Education: Some Core Thoughts


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Future of Education talk presented in Seoul, 2007

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A Future for Education: Some Core Thoughts

  1. 1. A Future For Education: Some Core Ideas Jack Park SRI International, Menlo Park, California And Knowledge Media Institute, Open University, Milton Keynes, U.K. National Assembly of South Korea Seoul, Korea 26 October, 2007
  2. 2. “Discovery consistsof seeing whateverybody has seenand thinking whatnobody has thought.” –Albert Szent-Gyorgyi
  3. 3. Learning Happens
  4. 4. Quote“We are what we eat, and wethink what we practice.” Geoffrey C. Bowker, Memory Practices in the Sciences, p. 229 Let’s talk about practice
  5. 5. A Story About aFuture for Education Just-in-time Life-long Collaborative Global
  6. 6. From Individual Performance to Collective Sensemaking Individual Group to to Group Groups
  7. 7. Collective Sensemaking Blooming and buzzing ideas that need collection, deliberation, and organization
  8. 8. Learning isSensemaking
  9. 9. Our story is about innovationImage courtesy Gail Johnsonhttp://admin-solutions.co.uk/
  10. 10. What’s Important for Us• Web 17.0* 78%• Integrated life-long learning 76%• Just-in-time knowledge 72%• Public facilities for learning 72%• Individualized education 64%• Improving collective intelligence 62% * We think in terms of Web 3.0 From Figure 23 in 2007 State of the Future
  11. 11. Education in Society FORMAL EDUCATION EDUCATION EDUCATION FOR FOR LIFE EARNING A LIVING INFORMAL EDUCATION Image Courtesy: Kim, Sun Tae (2005) “Development of VET curriculum”, Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education and Training
  12. 12. Nature of the Universe where Events and Learning Occur Simple Complicated Complex Simple Things Machines Living Things Social Systems
  13. 13. Simple to Complex Simple Complex Paper PencilBlank paper has Marking on the paper foreverpotential to say changes what the paper cananything say
  14. 14. Memory in Cultural Knowledge Growth Belief Space (Memory) Update Accept Influence Population Space Reproduce Evaluate Modify After: Reynolds, R.G.; Stefan, J.M. "Web services, Web searches, and cultural algorithms", IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, 2003. Volume 4, 5-8 Oct. 2003, pp. 3982 - 3987
  15. 15. Gowin’s Vee Where Learning Happens LearningConceptual MethodologicalKnowledge Focus Questions Performance Answering Events, Stuff After: Novak, J. D., & D. B. Gowin. (1984). Learning how to learn. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  16. 16. Hole in the wall• Computer with touch screen and internet• Mounted in “hole in the wall”• No teachers• Children taught themselves to surf the Source: web http://www.hole-in-the-wall.com/
  17. 17. Approaches to Learning• Individual – Personal research – Mentor schemes• Group – Classrooms – Trade associations – Lectures – Informal (Incidental, Social, everyday)
  18. 18. Let’s Focus on Group Learning Image Courtesy Katy Borner
  19. 19. A Step Toward the Future• A Modest Proposition – A global learning support infrastructure – Uses collaborative and social opportunities on the Web – Let’s call it a: • Dynamic Knowledge Garden
  20. 20. Douglas Engelbart’s Dynamic Knowledge Repository (DKR) Learning Communities DKR = People + ToolsWe will call this aDynamic Knowledge Garden Software Infrastructure(DKG) Memory, Collaboration
  21. 21. A Dynamic Knowledge Garden Content Users Content Builders Applications Subject Map Platform
  22. 22. Federated Human Knowledge Learning Cancer Cultures Aging Politics Knowledge Garden Addictions History Nutrition Religion Wellness …
  23. 23. Knowledge Garden Framework
  24. 24. QuoteUpon this gifted age, in its dark hourRains from the sky a meteor showerOf facts…they lie unquestioned,Uncombined.Wisdom enough to leach us of our illIs daily spun; but there exists no loomTo weave it into fabric. Edna St. Vincent Millay
  25. 25. A Loom: Topic/Subject Maps Topic Map: Lies above information and weaves that information into a fabric Image Courtesy Steve Pepper
  26. 26. Some Topic Maps PeopleAnn Wrightson (U.K.) Sam Oh (Korea) Steve Newcomb (USA) Steve Pepper (Norway)
  27. 27. The fabric of cultural memory
  28. 28. Our Knowledge Garden Architecture
  29. 29. Enough Theory…• Let’s look at a few examples – Information Design Course – Bay Area Science Collaboratory – Fuzzzy Social Bookmarking – Cohere experimental knowledge portal – Journal of Interactive Media in Education – CALO Semantic Desktop Application
  30. 30. Information Design Course Source: http://www.ifi.uio.no/info-design/
  31. 31. NexistWiki for Education
  32. 32. NexistWiki: Topic Map + Wiki
  33. 33. Topic Map Social Bookmarking
  34. 34. Experimental Knowledge Garden Source: Simon Buckingham Shum
  35. 35. JIME document interface http://www-jime.open.ac.uk/
  36. 36. CALOSemantic Desktop Application http://caloproject.sri.com Open Source IRIS Platform: http://www.openiris.org
  37. 37. What can we do in our garden?• Plant seeds – Create new subjects• Cultivate the garden – Annotate subjects • Annotate by connecting ideas in different subjects • Annotate by tagging • Discuss issues raised as subjects evolve• Harvest the garden – Create learning opportunities
  38. 38. Annotating By Connecting Semantic Desktop concept “is exemplified by” OpenIris.orgA User asserts a relationshipbetween ideas expressed at twodifferent resources
  39. 39. Annotation by Tagging “Semantic Desktop”A User asserts a Tag on a Resource
  40. 40. Facilitating large-scale discourse• Towards a cultivated ecosystem?… Structured but emergent networks of claims and arguments ordered gardens ordered gardens Informally expressed wild borders wild borders claims and arguments, awaiting ‘proper linkage’ Source: Simon Buckingham Shum
  41. 41. Dialog Mapping Compendium ScreenshotUsers Ask and Answer Questions,and Discuss the Answers
  42. 42. Collaborative sensemaking in e-Science:Meeting Replay tool for Earth scientists, synchronisingvideo of Mars crew’s discussion as they annotate their mission plans Copyright, 2004, RIACS/NASA Ames, Open University, Southampton University Courtesy Simon Buckingham Shum
  43. 43. Future prospects for learning support• Global federation of Dynamic Knowledge Gardens• Virtual Learning Environments
  44. 44. Federation of Knowledge Gardens Knowledge Gardens communicate with each other to perform federation Knowledge Garden Knowledge Garden Knowledge Garden
  45. 45. Virtual Worlds Architecture User’s Web Browser Virtual Worlds Subject Map Server Server
  46. 46. Candidate Future:Virtual Learning Centers http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aFuNFRie8wA http://www.secondlife.com/
  47. 47. Summary• With a Dynamic Knowledge Garden, we can: – Promote more freedom to learn – Bring more learners together for: • Lifelong, Just-in-time, Just-in-case, Just-for-me learning – Promote social contribution to learning environments by and for all people – Augment collective intelligence
  48. 48. Thank Youjack.park@sri.com Special thanks to Jerry Glenn, Youngsook Park, and Adam Cheyer Final thought: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= -4CV05HyAbM