Lesson planning


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Lesson planning

  1. 2. <ul><li>Who needs a lesson plan or who needs to know how to do it? </li></ul><ul><li>Do good lesson plans ensure students will learn what is intended? </li></ul><ul><li>What do effective plans do? </li></ul>
  2. 3. What is a Lesson Plan? LESSON = Journey LESSON PLAN = Map
  3. 4. Why is planning important? <ul><li>Teachers need to indentify his or her AIMS for the lesson. </li></ul><ul><li>It gives the teacher the opportunity to predict possible problems and consider solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>It makes sure the lesson is balanced and appropriate for class. </li></ul><ul><li>It gives teacher confidence. </li></ul><ul><li>Planning is generally good practice and a sign of professionalism. </li></ul>
  4. 5. VS.
  5. 6. Principles of Planning <ul><li>Aims – Consider realistic goals. </li></ul><ul><li>- What do the students know already? </li></ul><ul><li>- What do the students need to know? </li></ul><ul><li>- What did you do with the students in the previous class? </li></ul><ul><li>- How well do the class work together? </li></ul><ul><li>- How motivated are the students? </li></ul><ul><li>Variety – a way of getting and keeping the students engaged and interested. </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility – expect the unexpected! </li></ul>
  6. 7. Learning Elements (ESA) <ul><li>Engage </li></ul><ul><li>Study </li></ul><ul><li>Activate </li></ul>
  7. 8. What should a lesson plan contain? (I)
  8. 9. What should a lesson plan contain? (II) <ul><li>DESCRIPTION OF THE STUDENTS. </li></ul><ul><li>OBJECTIVES/AIMS </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We say what we hope to achieve. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The more specific we are, the easier it will be to see whether or not we have achieved those aims. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Broad aims are bound to be less useful. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primary and Secondary aims. </li></ul></ul></ul>EXPECTED LEARNING: Students will be able to… Students will …
  9. 10. <ul><li>PROCEDURES – description of how it will be executed. </li></ul><ul><li>TIMING – to have an idea of how long we expect things to take. </li></ul><ul><li>ANTICIPATED PROBLEMS – list of potential difficulties – and suggestions about what to do if they arise. </li></ul><ul><li>EXTRA ACTIVITIES/ MATERIAL. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Remember! <ul><li>Write clear and specific objectives that align with course objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Inform students of lesson objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Promote recall or prior learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Use activities and assessments to promote learning and to meet lesson objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Give students feedback on their progress. </li></ul><ul><li>Gauge your timing for each activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep a record of the materials needed to complete the lesson. </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate student activity and interaction into the lesson. </li></ul><ul><li>Record your own reflections and your students’on the success of the class . </li></ul>
  11. 13. Because lesson plans can help you: <ul><li>Incorporate good teaching practices in every lesson. </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiently prepare for the next time you offer the course. </li></ul><ul><li>Be critically reflective in your teaching. </li></ul><ul><li>Share teaching ideas with your colleagues. </li></ul>