Mummification

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Something I had to make for my Technology in Teaching class. It covers the 10 steps of mummification.

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Mummification

  1. 1. The 10 Steps of Mummification An Ancient Egyptian Art Presented by Ms. Williams
  2. 2. Learning Objectives <ul><li>By viewing this presentation, you will discover the different steps and processes of mummification , including the embalming processes and the wrapping processes . This will help you to fully understand the importance of mummification in the Egyptian culture. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Before we get started… <ul><li>Be sure to watch the Mummification video found here: http://jackiequinton.pbworks.com/Mummification-Video </li></ul><ul><li>It is located on the PBworks site found here: http://jackiequinton.pbworks.com/FrontPage ! </li></ul><ul><li>Also, be sure you have your skeleton notes opened up as a Word document. You can find them here: http://jackiequinton.pbworks.com/Skeleton-Notes Follow along with the notes as you view this PowerPoint presentation. Once you have completed the notes, email them to your teacher at [email_address] . Be sure to include your name and course number. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Step 1: Embalming <ul><li>The first step in creating a mummy is called “ embalming .” The deceased (dead) body is taken to a tent called an “ ibu ” which means “place of purification.” There, the embalmers (people who preserve the body so it will not decay) cover the body in wine and rinse it with water . </li></ul>Embalming process
  5. 5. <ul><li>Next, one of the embalmers makes a cut in the left-hand side of the body and takes out several of the internal organs , so they do not decompose (rot). </li></ul><ul><li>The liver, lungs, stomach, and intestines are then placed inside natron , which is a type of salt that will dry them out. </li></ul><ul><li>The heart is not taken out because it is considered the center of intelligence . </li></ul><ul><li>For the brain, a hook is inserted through the nose to pull it out. </li></ul>Step 2: Removal of Organs Natron Brain Removal Process
  6. 6. Step 3: More Natron <ul><li>The body is then covered and stuffed with the natron (salt). All the fluids and rags from the embalming process are saved to be buried with the body. </li></ul>Natron Is Added
  7. 7. Step 4: Water and Oils <ul><li>After 40 days , the body is washed again in water and covered with oils so that the skin can stay stretchy . </li></ul>Body is Washed and Covered with Oils
  8. 8. Step 5: Organs Returned <ul><li>The dried organs are wrapped in fabric and put back inside the body. </li></ul><ul><li>The body is then stuffed with dry things such as sawdust, leaves, and fabric to help make it look more real. </li></ul><ul><li>Now the body is again covered in sweet smelling oil . </li></ul><ul><li>It is now ready to be wrapped! </li></ul>The Body is Stuffed
  9. 9. Step 6: Wrapping the Mummy <ul><li>The head and neck are wrapped first with strips of fabric. </li></ul><ul><li>Then the fingers and toes are individually wrapped. </li></ul><ul><li>Arms and legs are then wrapped separately. </li></ul><ul><li>In between wrapped layers of fabric, the enbalmers place amulets to help protect the body during its journey to the underworld . </li></ul>Wrapped Mummy
  10. 10. Step 7: Spells <ul><li>As the mummy is being wrapped, a priest reads spells aloud that will get rid of evil spirits and also help the body make a safe journey to the underworld . </li></ul><ul><li>Next the arms and legs are tied together. A piece of papyrus paper with spells on it is placed in the arms of the mummy. </li></ul>Arms and Legs are Bound, Spells are Added
  11. 11. Step 8: More Fabric Added <ul><li>More strips of fabric are added to the mummy. The bandages are painted with a liquid resin which is similar to a glue that will help the bandages stay together. </li></ul>More Bandages Added
  12. 12. Step 9: Osiris <ul><li>A cloth is wrapped around the body, and the picture of the god Osiris is painted as a portrait. Osiris is the god of the underworld . </li></ul>Osiris Portrait
  13. 13. Step 10: Final Layers <ul><li>A large cloth is wrapped around the entire mummy. It is attached with strips of linen that run all around the mummy. </li></ul><ul><li>Lastly, a board of painted wood is placed on top of the mummy before it is put inside the first coffin/sarcophagus. </li></ul>Cloth Attached with Strips of Linen
  14. 14. Don’t forget!!! <ul><li>Once you have completed the skeleton notes, email them to your teacher at [email_address] . Be sure to include your name and course number. </li></ul><ul><li>For your assessments over this lesson, click here . </li></ul><ul><li>And thank you to the British Museum for the wonderful information and images: http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/mummies/story/main.html </li></ul>

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